- Acne Treatment - proper care of inflamed skin
The choice of treatment for acne depends on how serious the problem. Sometimes it is recommended to use a combination of techniques to get the best results and to avoid the emergence of drug-resistant bacteria. For the treatment can be used as lotions and ointments for topical use and oral medications
It is not possible to treat the disease without knowing its cause. There are many assumptions about the causes of acne, but most experts now adhere to the theory that acne occurs when hormonal changes (such as during puberty, before menstruation and sometimes before menopause) leads to overactivity of the sebaceous glands. As a result, the skin accumulates much sebum or sebum which blocks the pores are formed inside and a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria that are normally present on the skin - Propionibacterium acnes. These bacteria are beginning to multiply, producing at the same time a large number of chemicals that cause skin irritation. This leads to inflammation and the appearance of acne
Acne: facial trouble
and acne - both subtle and large, filled with pus and very painful.
In most cases, acne treatment takes time. Often the first signs of improvement appear only after 6-8 weeks of starting treatment. In some cases, acne medications aggravate symptoms of the disorder for a few days or weeks, and only then the number of acne begins to decrease gradually.
In extreme cases the doctor may prescribe a course of treatment with isotretinoin. This is an effective drug, but it causes severe side effects, and it is prescribed only to patients who have failed other therapies. Sometimes isotretinoin it is the only tool that will really help get rid of acne and make your skin cleaner.
When a small amount of acne you can use the following tools:
- Regular cleansing of the skin with warm water and mild soap (no more than twice a day, so as not to dry up the skin).
- The use of benzoyl peroxide (such means as Brevoxyl or Triaz).
- The use of salicylic acid.
Funds with benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid can be purchased without a prescription at the pharmacy. If they do not help, consult a doctor; He will write you a more powerful means, for example, an antibiotic lotion.
At very numerous, large, deep and painful pimples may require a combination of treatments. For example, it can be used a few of these tools:
- Benzoyl peroxide.
- Draining of large pimples and cysts.
- Applying prescription antibiotic gels, creams or lotions.
- The use of prescription retinoids.
- Azelaic acid.
- Receiving prescription oral antibiotics
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
- Receiving prescription oral retinoids (such as isotretinoin).
Most treatments for acne may take some time. Often schesti takes at least eight weeks from the beginning of the treatment before the results become visible. Sometimes, before the improvement of the skin condition deteriorates significantly.
If other treatments for acne are not effective, your doctor may prescribe isotretinoin. As a rule, it is left as a last resort, as it has some rare but serious side effects; moreover, it is relatively expensive medicine.
Low-dose birth control pills may help women who have acne appear just before menstruation.
Medications used to treat acne
In benzoyl peroxide has two effects: it does not give the dead skin cells clog pores and kills bacteria on the skin that can cause infection in clogged pores.
Benzoyl peroxide is usually produced in the form of a cream or gel; it is recommended to use one or two times per day. It should be applied 20 minutes after washing, all parts of the skin, which have acne. Use a small amount of cream or gel, since a large amount of benzoyl peroxide may cause damage to the skin.
Benzoyl peroxide makes the skin more sensitive to sunlight, so you should avoid frequent exposure to sunlight during treatment, and regularly use sunscreen
Sunscreen is not just for the beach
Avoid contact with benzoyl peroxide hair, clothes, towels and bed linen, because it can whiten them. Wash your hands every time after applying the cream on the skin.
Common side effects of benzoyl peroxide:
- Dry skin;
- Burning, itching, or tingling of the skin;
- Redness and scaling of the skin (typically, to a minor extent).
The side effects usually disappear after treatment. If they cause severe discomfort, contact your doctor - you may need to adjust the dose, or choose other means of treatment.
Most people need a six-week course of treatment benzoyl peroxide to significantly improve skin condition.
Point retinoids reduce sebum production, preventing the blocking of pores dead skin cells.
As a rule, for the treatment of acne using retinoids such point as tretinoin and adapelen; they are released in the form of gel or ointments, and are generally recommended to use once a day at bedtime
Dreams: how to understand our dreams
Like benzoyl peroxide, retinoids point increase skin sensitivity to sunlight, so at the time of their use must be carefully protect themselves from ultraviolet rays.
Topical retinoids are not recommended for use during pregnancy because they are associated with birth defects riskomrazvitiya.
The most common side effects of retinoids point: slight irritation and burning of the skin.
As a rule, the result becomes visible after six weeks.
Point antibiotics kill bacteria on the skin, causing acne.
They are used once or twice a day for six to eight weeks.
Thereafter, the treatment is usually discontinued since there is a risk that bacteria will become resistant to antibiotics. This can lead to deterioration of the skin and development of other infections.
Side effects are rare but may include:
- Irritation of the skin;
- Redness and burning of the skin;
- Peeling of the skin.
Treatment of scars posleugrevyh
There are many treatments that can help get rid of the left after acne scars and acne, such as laser resurfacing and dermabrasion. Some scars over time themselves become less visible. However, if you are concerned about the form of scars, talk to your doctor. He may refer you to a dermatologist or plastic surgeon.