- Food poisoning: how to avoid becoming a victim of its own stomach
- Myths and Facts
- Home Treatment
- Folk remedies
- First aid
Food poisoning and diarrhea
Almost all food poisoning accompanied by diarrhea or acute gastroenteritis. This occurs because the microorganisms and their toxins when released into the gastrointestinal tract irritate it, causing rapid swelling and inflammation of its walls. Such patients usually can not do without medical care.
Why is food poisoning diarrhea begins
Food poisoning can be infectious (microbial or fungal) and noninfectious (eg, in case of poisoning plant poisons). In any case, pathogen enters the body through the mouth. Reproduction and destruction of microbes to form toxins occurs primarily in the intestines, to get the same plant toxins. Toxins initially affect the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestine, and then absorbed into the bloodstream and affect the entire body.
The mucous membrane of the stomach and the intestine becomes inflamed and swells. Deeper changes in the walls of the gastrointestinal tract in acute diarrhea is rare, it occurs in chronic diseases.
How is diarrhea with food poisoning
Diarrhea usually begins within a few hours after ingestion of the food defective, but in some cases, after the reception can take up to 5 days. The disease is characterized by acute onset, in which suddenly appear abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
Spilled around the abdomen or localized in a certain area, rumbling stomach, bloating it (flatulence), belching
Belching: why it happens and that means
, Nausea and vomiting, and appetite disorders.
The chair becomes rapid and fluid, it depends on the nature of the localization of the pathological process. The stools are watery, with mucus, occasionally they have an admixture of blood. Increasing signs of intoxication of the whole organism: fever, weakness, dizziness,
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
, Headache, fever.
When a primary lesion of the small intestine there are abundant bowel movements yellow-green color with mucus, but no blood.
In a laboratory study of feces show signs of impaired digestion and absorption of food. When a primary lesion of the large intestine of bowel movements less, but they are more mucus, often have an admixture of blood. Urging to stool more frequent, with true desires (with the release of feces) alternate with false. In a laboratory study of disorders of digestion and absorption is usually not detected.
Excessive release of fluid from the stool and mineral salts may result in a violation of water-salt metabolism, dehydration and desalting of the body. With an increase of intoxication increases the liver, increases the yellowness of the sclera may develop signs of cardiovascular disease
Non-infectious diarrhea occur usually easier than infectious. Pronounced signs of intoxication often absent, mucus in the stool contained in a small amount of blood, as a rule, is not detected.
Diagnosis and treatment of diarrhea, food poisoning
The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of epidemiological data, ie it is established that could cause poisoning and hurt anyone else. A study of feces, like under a microscope, and microbiological examination - sowing feces on the culture media and their subsequent identification.
Treatment begins with rinsing of the stomach and intestines. Then you need to decrease the functional load on the digestive organs. In the first two days of food a patient severely limit: mucous rice or oat soup, light broth, liquid porridges on water, fruit and berry jelly, white crackers. Drinking - unsweetened tea with lemon, alkaline mineral water without gas, broth blueberries
Benefits and harms of blueberries: the health of the forest
, Rose hips.
In severe intoxication initially recommended only drink (up to two liters a day) for 1 - 2 days. On 3 - 4 days at improving the state of the diet can be expanded, and a week later gradually move to a normal diet.
If you lose a large amount of feces fluids and salts to the patient intravenously administered various salt solutions. At home, these solutions can be patient drink little and often (for example, a solution rehydron).
If the poisoning is an infectious origin (eg, staphylococcal), the patient is prescribed antibiotics. But in any case, this is done only when prescribed by the attending physician.
Acute diarrhea during food poisoning is short, the disease usually ends in recovery. Full recovery of bowel function occurs after 3 - 6 weeks after subacute and depends on the severity of this illness.
Any symptoms of food poisoning, including diarrhea, are treated only under medical supervision.