Superficial gastritis is very common. It is characterized by inflammation of the gastric mucosa and is always accompanied by high acidity of gastric juice. At this stage, to cope with the disease is quite real, sometimes it is enough to adhere to proper nutrition
Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food
Chronic superficial gastritis
Chronic gastritis - an inflammation of the mucosa (inner) membrane of the stomach. The disease takes a long time and in stages. At the first stage the disease is superficial, inflammation stimulates the secretion of gastric juice and its acidity. In the second step a long flowing inflammation leads to atrophy (decrease in volume) of the gastric mucosa and reduce its function glands - develops chronic gastritis with reduced secretion.
Chronic superficial gastritis may be focal and diffuse. Focal superficial gastritis - defeat certain site of the mucosa, while the diffuse superficial gastritis lesions suggests whole mucosa. Diffuse gastritis often called pangastritom. By superficial gastritis with focal superficial include antral gastritis (chronic gastritis type B) gastritis and body of the stomach (chronic gastritis type A).
The cause of gastritis may be different factors. It was established that the main cause superficial antral gastritis is an infection of the gastric mucosa by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. This leads to the development of the inflammatory process at the junction of the stomach into the duodenum (in the antrum).
The primary cause of chronic gastritis in the stomach are autoimmune processes - the appearance of antibodies to the cells of the mucous membrane.
Finally, the cause of chronic gastritis may be permanent chemical attack, for example, alcohol or drug substances (acetylsalicylic acid, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, steroids, and so forth).
Contributing factors in the development of chronic gastritis are eating disorders (food cold food, long breaks in food intake, eating large quantities of meat, spicy, fried foods, etc.), smoking, various long-occurring chronic diseases and foci of infection, throwing the contents of the duodenum into the stomach (duodenal reflux) and so on.
Symptoms superficial gastritis
Initially, the disease is asymptomatic, but after a while the patient experience discomfort in the upper abdomen that occur or exacerbate during a meal or soon after a meal. May worry as acid regurgitation
Belching: why it happens and that means
, Unpleasant metallic taste in the mouth, heartburn. The appearance of frequent heartburn suggests that the transition process is broken food mass from the stomach into the duodenum and its partial casting into the esophagus (gastroesophageal reflux).
With the defeat of antral disease can occur long time in the form of superficial gastritis with increased secretion. Such gastritis manifests itself in a variety of digestive disorders - constipation, diarrhea, flatulence. With the defeat of the body of the stomach is the main symptom severity in the upper abdomen after eating. Often these go gastritis in stomach ulcer.
Long flowing gastritis always reflects the general state of the organism. Patients become irritable, they have a long-term pain in the heart
Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor
, Heart rhythm disorders, drops in blood pressure.
Diagnosis of superficial gastritis
The main method of diagnosis is today esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) - endoscopic examination of the state of the gastric wall by means of optical devices (also studied the esophagus and duodenum). Image mucosa is displayed on the monitor screen, which allows to consider in detail her condition. During endoscopy is possible to measure the acidity of gastric contents, take a piece of tissue for histology, and the contents of the stomach to detect bacterial infection. If necessary, also carried out X-ray examination of the stomach.
Diet for superficial gastritis
The diet at this stage of the disease is the main curative factor. From the daily diet excludes all foods that irritate the stomach. It is fried, fatty, spicy, smoked, canned food, nourishing soups, sweets, pastries, sodas, coffee, strong tea, chocolate, alcohol. In the period of acute gastritis wiped all meals, without exacerbation simply steamed or boiled. Eating should be frequent and fractional - 5-6 times a day in small portions.
Treatment of superficial gastritis
Treatment depends on the type of gastritis and its causes. Appointed by drugs that suppress gastric acid secretion. This proton pump inhibitors (PPIs - omeprazole, esomeprazole, and others), blockers of histamine H2-receptor (e.g., famotidine), substances that neutralize the acidity of gastric juice (e.g. almagel, Aluminium phosphate gel
Fosfalyugel - a cure for heartburn, belching and stomach pains
Superficial gastritis should start to cure as soon as possible so that it is not passed into atrophic gastritis, which is much harder to treat.