In the treatment of various diseases impose some formulations of the same drug. This may be tablets, suspensions or syrups for oral administration, injectable solutions, ointments, creams and so forth. One of the most popular dosage forms are suppositories
Vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation
Which are used for the topical treatment of gynecological diseases.
What is the dosage form of the drug
Any drug can be produced in several dosage forms ready for use. The preparation always includes the active substance and auxiliary substances that help active substances penetrate into the body, or the maximum step up its action in the external or topical application.
The large number of formulations of the same drug is very convenient - it allows the doctor to choose the best method of treatment of a disease. Sometimes used to treat simultaneously two dosage forms of the drug: providing general and local or external impact.
Various dosage forms of drugs prepared mainly by a pharmaceutical companies - in this case they are called officinal. Previously, many dosage forms prepared manually in industrial pharmacy (these dosage forms are called backbone). Production pharmacies remains today, but many of them, respectively, and almost all the main replaced officinal formulations.
All formulations are divided into solid (capsules, pills, tablets), liquid (solutions, syrups), soft (ointments, creams, gels, suppositories) and gaseous (preparations for general anesthesia).
Vaginal suppositories (suppository) - formulation for the treatment of gynecological diseases
Vaginal suppositories - a formulation for topical application. They also consist of active principle and excipients (base), which help correct the active component distributed uniformly on the walls of the vagina and to a particular local impact. The base also allows the spark to retain its shape outside the body at room temperature, and getting into the vagina, melt quickly at body temperature.
The basis of the vaginal suppositories constitute pre-treated vegetable and animal fats. Very often in the composition include cocoa butter suppositories, paraffin, and various combinations thereof. Also produced and glycerine-gelatine candles, which include glycerin
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Gelatin and purified water.
Vaginal suppositories have a weight of approximately 4 g and a different shape - ovoid, spherical, with a rounded or flat end, and so on.
Subject to the correct dosage of active substance of candles is practically not absorbed into the blood, and has only local effect. If you exceed the recommended dosages possible absorption of the drug into the bloodstream with a partial rendering of systemic effects on the body. In this connection, it is recommended to use candles in strict accordance with the instructions or the appointment of a physician.
All vaginal suppositories can be divided into two groups: for the treatment of infectious and inflammatory processes of female genital mutilation, and local contraceptives.
Suppositories for the treatment of infectious and inflammatory processes of female genital mutilation
Infectious-inflammatory processes of female genital organs can be treated as with dosage forms that have a systemic effect on the body (tablets, injectable solutions and so forth), so using dosage forms for topical application.
An example of these candles can be terzhinan (vaginal tablets), which includes antibacterial (neomycin), antiprotozoal (tinidazole), antifungal (Nystatin) and anti-inflammatory (prednisolone) funds. The composition allows the use of vaginal tablets terzhinan bacterial infection, trichomoniasis
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and candidiasis (thrush), and a mixed infection. This not only suppressed vital functions of pathogens, but also reduces inflammation, are burning. Itching and other discomfort.
Vaginal candles terzhinan
Terzhinan - accessible and efficient
inserted into the vagina once daily at night for 10 days. It is better to do this by a physician after a preliminary examination. During menstruation interrupted administration of the drug, since menstrual blood washes it with the walls of the vagina.
Vaginal suppositories - a dosage form for topical application, however, it is better to use by a physician in accordance with the instruction.