Every woman knows how important and necessary personal hygiene external genital organs. Careful hygiene prevents a woman from a variety of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, beginning and ending with vulvitis an inflammation of appendages
Inflammation of the appendages - the cause infertility
and uterus. But apart from these diseases is not uncommon to such pathology as a Bartholin gland cyst. The causes of cysts set, and the outcome is not always well-being.
Bartholin's gland - a gland vestibule, which is located in the interior, at the base of the labia majora. Bartholin glands are of a size and a half to two centimeters in diameter and ducts that open from the inside of the labia minora. The main function of Bartholin glands is to develop a greyish viscous fluid that acts as a lubricant and provides relief from the introduction of the penis into the vagina.
Cyst Bartholin's gland is a cavity, which accumulates as a result of the secret gland excretory duct blockage. With long-term course of the disease, weakening immunity, joining a secondary infection cyst abscesses and proceeds to the next stage of its development - an abscess Bartholin gland.
The main causes of Bartholin gland cyst and its festering
Cyst formation, as already mentioned, is due to blockage due to its ductless infection. This may occur in the following cases:
- failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene;
- gonococcal infection;
Ureaplasmosis - inflammation of the urogenital system
- urogenital candidiasis (thrush).
The clinical picture of Bartholin gland cyst
As uncomplicated as Bartholin gland cyst appears as a rounded, almost painless education in the labia majora. Sizes range from educational values of a pea to the size of a goose egg (about eight centimeters). For small cyst formation does not cause discomfort and patients often do not seek medical attention. If a Bartholin gland cyst grew to enormous size, there are complaints of difficulty in walking, pain during sexual intercourse.
In the case of the contents of the cyst develops festering abscess
Abscess - why it is so dangerous ulcers?
Bartholin gland. Temperature rises to 38-39 degrees, there are signs of poisoning (nausea, vomiting, weakness, loss of appetite). The size of the abscess may reach 10-12 cm in diameter. In the area of the vulva first appear tingling and burning, then a sharp, throbbing pain. The patient can not walk, or go, legs wide apart, so as not to touch the sore spot. Perhaps the spontaneous opening of the abscess, and then there pus (from the place of opening). Due to the fact that the abscess Bartholin gland cyst often occurs as a result of infections, sexually transmitted diseases, there may be symptoms of the underlying disease (purulent discharge from the vagina
, Redness of the vagina and vulva, endocervicitis).
Diagnosis of Bartholin gland cyst
Diagnosis of Bartholin gland cyst is not difficult and is based on:
- the clinical picture;
- gynecological examination;
- Microscopic examination of the contents of the cyst (to identify the causative agent);
- smear on the purity of the vagina.
Treatment of Bartholin gland cyst
Asymptomatic, neoslozhennenye and the small size of the cyst is generally not treated, they are removed only from a cosmetic purpose.
The treatment of cysts and abscesses larger Bartholin gland operative. Uncomplicated cyst after preliminary sanitation extirpate after opening the skin over a large gender lip, with simultaneous removal of the prostate. In the case of festering cysts produce autopsy abscess drainage followed him for three to five days. At the same time appointed antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics. Prevention Bartholin gland cyst involves careful personal hygiene and protection from sexually transmitted infections by.