Extended colposcopy: detailed analysis of

January 4, 2012

 extended colposcopy
 Extended colposcopy Colposcopy - how to prepare it properly?  Colposcopy - how to prepare it properly?
   - Procedure for examination of the mucous membrane of the cervix with a special microscope (colposcope), which implies the use of various special tests. Among them - the treatment of cervical various solutions, chromoscopy (use of filters), a biopsy (taking tissue samples for subsequent examination under a microscope).

Colposcope, which is used for the survey in the course of an extended colposcopy - optical device, according to the principle of action is similar to a microscope, with a range of magnifying lenses and optical filters for chromoscopy. The first phase of the expanded colposcopy - an immediate inspection of the mucosa of the cervix and vagina, which allows the cells to identify anomalies, their location and the degree of change. Then apply any filters or special solutions.

 Extended colposcopy: detailed analysis of

Acetic acid

After inspection by a colposcope cervical mucus is processed three-percent solution of acetic acid, which is under the influence of abnormal mucosal areas change color to white, revealed a clear divide entities. In some cases, expanded colposcopy used other compounds - such as povidone iodine (also called Schiller), the processing of which the normal mucosal areas change color to brown, and tumors (including malignant) do not change color.

 Extended colposcopy: detailed analysis of


Another aspect of the extended colposcopy - the so-called chromoscopy involving the use of filters.

Filters help to determine the abnormal state of tiny blood vessels (capillaries) in the lining of the cervix.

Normally, when the extended colposcopy apply green or blue filter - mucosa after treatment acetic acid.

Normal capillaries are arranged at regular intervals, but in the presence of anomalies in the chromoscopy may appear as red spots. The more serious cervical disease, the thicker the capillaries and the chaotic they are located - chromoscopy allows to confirm dysplasia Dysplasia - what is it?  Dysplasia - what is it?
   or cervical cancer.

 Extended colposcopy: detailed analysis of

A biopsy of the cervix

The last stage of the extended colposcopy - a biopsy procedure involves collecting samples of cells lining the cervix for subsequent examination under a microscope.

A biopsy of abnormal areas of the mucous - a very important stage of the extended colposcopy, since the proposed method of treatment will depend on the extent of changes in the cells, is determined during the biopsy.

After the colposcopy and biopsy at the site of the mucous special solution is applied to prevent bleeding. Within the biopsies performed in some cases curettage Scraping - heavy and unsafe procedure  Scraping - heavy and unsafe procedure
   cervical canal Cervical canal - the path traversed by every person  Cervical canal - the path traversed by every person
   (collect samples of cells from the cervix).

Article Tags:
  • colposcopy

Polizhinaks - used cautiously

February 18, 2010

  • Polizhinaks - used cautiously
  • Mechanism of action

 The structure Polizhinaks includes three active substances: neomycin, polymyxin B and nystatin Nystatin - help with candidiasis  Nystatin - help with candidiasis
 . Polizhinaks has antibacterial, antifungal and antibacterial action. Polymyxin B effective against such gram and gram microorganisms like Staphylococcus aureus, Corynebacterium, E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Haemophilus influenzae, Proteus, Klebsiella and others. It increases the permeability of the cell membrane, causing bacteria lysis.

Neomycin belongs to the aminoglycoside antibiotic. It forces the bacteria to produce abnormal proteins that do the same bacteria nonviable.

Nystatin has antifungal activity. It destroys Candida albicans, Cryptococcus and Histoplasma capsulatums. This substance inhibits the synthesis of ergosterol - one of the major components of cell membranes.

 Polizhinaks - used cautiously

How to take Polizhinaks

Polygynax take intravaginally, 1-2 capsules per day. If possible, some time after administration should remain in a horizontal position. The course of treatment usually lasts from six to ten days - a six-day course is usually required for the prevention of, and ten - for treatment. In some cases, a more prolonged drug.

Do not stop taking Polizhinaks during menstruation.

During the course of treatment is necessary to avoid using tampons How to use sanitary pad - basic precautions  How to use sanitary pad - basic precautions
   and latex condoms. It is recommended to wear cotton underwear and use panty liners. To avoid infecting others, before the end of the treatment of personal use towels. Sexual partners of women diagnosed with any vaginal infection How to avoid vaginal infection  How to avoid vaginal infection
 It is strongly recommended to undergo a medical examination.

 Polizhinaks - used cautiously


  • Bacterial vaginitis
  • Non-specific vaginitis
  • Fungal vaginitis
  • Vulvovaginitis
  • Tservikovaginit
  • Prevention of vaginal infections after gynecological surgery

 Polizhinaks - used cautiously


Polizhinaks can not be taken by pregnant or lactating women, and children. Polizhinaks considered dangerous for pregnant women according to the World Health Organisation. In Russia, the appointment of the drug to pregnant women is not prohibited, but doctors tend to choose other means of treatment.

Hypersensitivity to at least one of the components Polizhinaks also a contraindication to its use.

The composition Polygynax except the listed ingredients include soybean oil. If you are allergic to peanuts or soya, do not take Polizhinaks.

People with kidney failure Kidney failure - when treatment is vital  Kidney failure - when treatment is vital
 , Kidney disease and diabetes should be Polizhinaks with caution and only under medical supervision.

 Polizhinaks - used cautiously

Side effects

Polizhinaks can cause side effects such as skin rash, itching and burning sensation in the vagina and, very rarely, ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity.

If signs of severe allergic reaction, stop taking Polizhinaks need and seek medical advice immediately.