Hexicon produced in solution and a gel for topical application and is a drug that is used for topical treatment of infections of the skin and mucous membranes. Particularly widespread use he found in the emergency prevention of sexually transmitted infections by.
The active ingredient is chlorhexidine digluconate hexicon, which has a strong antimicrobial activity against many bacteria that cause skin infections and infections transmitted sexually. Are susceptible to the bacteria - syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis
Ureaplasmosis - inflammation of the urogenital system
, Bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis - it harmless little gardnerella?
Some species of staphylococcus, streptococcus, and other pathogens. It inhibits the livelihoods of some protozoa (trichomoniasis pathogens) and herpes simplex virus
Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
The mechanism of action hexicon
When applied to the skin and mucous membranes Hexicon kills all sensitivity to the hair while maintaining activity in the presence of blood and products of inflammation (e.g. pus).
The drug is practically not absorbed into the bloodstream, and the small amount which nevertheless absorbed from the skin and mucous membranes, subsequently excreted in the urine without causing general action on the organism. Antibacterial action hexicon increases with increasing temperature, but at temperatures above Stra degrees drug decomposed.
Indications for use hexicon are various infections of the skin and mucous membranes. But more often it is used for emergency prevention of sexually transmitted infections (for example, after the rape). In this case, it should be used no later than two hours after sexual intercourse. To this solution 2 ml hexicon via a special nozzle is poured into the urethra of men. In the treatment of women, they were injected 1 ml of the urethra and about 10 ml of the vagina. Both men and women need to hold this solution for two - three minutes, it is better to do in the supine position. Then you have to wipe the skin of the external genitalia and thighs cloth soaked in a solution hexicon. When the treatment is over, you can not urinate for two hours.
Treatment of all sexual infections hexicon performed only on prescription, since this is required before the laboratory tests to identify the pathogen and its sensitivity to antibacterial agents. In addition, one external agents in the treatment of these infections is almost never possible to manage. Then Hexicon is part of a complex therapy, it is used as a solution or a gel.
Hexicon is used for the treatment of purulent skin infections (boils, felon, mastitis), septic wounds, surgical wounds, burns in the form of irrigation, applications of the solution or gel application. In this case, also requires prior laboratory study of biological material (for example, discharge from the wound). It should be especially careful to use the drug if the victim has an open traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury - hit in this area hexicon highly undesirable.
In dentistry Hexicon used to treat a variety of infections of periodontal (tissue surrounding the tooth) and the oral mucosa. It is used as a rinse with stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontitis.
Contraindications to the use hexicon are dermatitis (skin inflammation non-infectious), allergic reactions, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
Be particularly careful in the treatment of children as Hexicon must not fall into the eye through the open wound in the ear when there is suspicion of rupture of the eardrum. If Hexicon got into eyes, they should be thoroughly rinsed with running water.
Do not use Hexicon simultaneously with application to the skin or mucous membranes of iodine. Before application to the skin hexicon to wash off the soap and any other detergents - they reduce the effectiveness hexicon whereas alcohol enhances its effectiveness.
During pregnancy and lactation Hexicon can only be used as a solution that has minimal absorption.
In applying hexicon may cause side effects in the form of burning, itching, dryness and irritation of the skin, sticky skin of the hands for a few minutes after treatment, as well as various types of allergic reactions, including sunlight, but it quickly passes after cancellation drug. After rinsing the mouth hexicon possible discoloration of the teeth, tartar
Plaque - why it should be removed?
, Changes in taste, but it also passes quickly.
Since the drug is used topically and almost not absorbed into the blood of overdose it has not yet been fixed.