Most often hypoplastic uterus is an indication of general infantilism - underdevelopment girls. In most cases, early detection is treated. If the disease is congenital in nature, to restore the normal state of the uterus is not possible. But even with such congenital defects woman can be a mother, if she survived ovarian function.
The causes of uterine hypoplasia
Hypoplasia of the uterus - is the underdevelopment of the uterus. The uterus in women of childbearing age in this case is smaller than normal. The reason for this condition is the disruption of the endocrine system. Maturing female genital tract is influenced by the female hormones estrogen that produce ovaries. In turn, the activity of the ovaries and pituitary gland is regulated by the hypothalamus, located in the brain. Pituitary gland - is the main endocrine glands, it regulates the function of all glands, which in turn have a feedback effect on the pituitary gland.
Hypoplasia of the uterus may occur at a lesion of any link in the chain: the ovaries, pituitary, hypothalamus and other endocrine glands (especially thyroid). Therefore, in order to identify the cause of the disease, a woman must be thoroughly examined.
Hypoplasia of the uterus can be of varying degrees. Extreme hypoplasia - germ uterus. The length of the uterus reaches a maximum of 3 cm at a rate of an adult nulliparous women - 7 cm. It is a congenital abnormality that can not be recovered. Infantile uterus or baby has a length of from 3 to 5, 5 cm and teenagers - 5, 5 to 7 cm.
Even with a normal length (7 cm) in the uterus hypoplasia has a number of changes that will prevent conception, pregnancy and childbirth. Thus, the body of the uterus is smaller than normal, and the neck long, the body of the uterus is tilted anteriorly (this is typical of childhood), and fallopian tubes are long and winding.
Hypoplasia of the uterus can often develop in chronically ill children, when used as a teenager toxic substances (alcohol, drugs, smoking), using strict diets to lose weight, frequent stress, high physical and mental stress and so on.
Symptoms of uterine hypoplasia
Hypoplasia of the uterus should be suspected in violation of puberty
Puberty child - stages of a complex path
girl. Her long absence of secondary sexual characteristics (body hair and distribution of fat on the female type, the development of the mammary glands) and menstruation. Menstruation in these girls begin at 14-16 years old, and sometimes later. They are usually irregular, very painful (due to bending of the uterus anteriorly), often scarce, but there may be, on the contrary, it is very abundant.
When viewed from such a woman gynecologist often reveals hypoplasia of the large and small labia, clitoris, vagina. The cervix has a conical shape and a relatively large length. According to the gynecological examination
Gynecological examination: an important component of women's health
woman doctor may suspect hypoplasia of the uterus. It confirms the diagnosis of lab tests.
As a result of the structure of a pregnancy does not occur often, or at all, or is developing in the fallopian tube (the fetus is difficult to move up the long, winding the fallopian tube). Later the woman threatened miscarriage, premature birth, birth in various pathologies (primarily, reduction of labor).
In addition, the lack of female sex hormones estrogen creates the risk of infection in the vagina and external genitals (vaginitis). In normal estrogen support the development of beneficial microflora of the vagina
The microflora of the vagina: purity
And that in turn inhibits the vital functions of opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms.
Thus, the vagina of healthy women of childbearing age has self-cleaning properties. When gipolazii uterus associated with dysfunction of the ovaries, there is no self-cleaning and therefore often develop all kinds of infections. Chronic infection may move to the internal sex organs, significantly complicating the woman's condition.
How it is detected and treated
The earlier revealed hypoplasia of the uterus, the easier it is to help the woman. Therefore, children's gynecologists regularly holds professional examinations of adolescent girls. If you suspect a gipoplpziyu uterus, especially appointed by the blood on hormones, smears from the vagina (vaginal cleanness talks about how the development of normal microflora). Spend as ultrasound examination of the uterus and its appendages (fallopian tubes and ovaries). If necessary, designate other types of studies.
Timely detection of hypoplasia
Hypoplasia - a congenital malformation of the fetus
uterine treated using hormone replacement therapy. Do not be treated only embryonic uterus, but in this case, if the ovaries have ripened egg, a woman can hope for the birth of a child through surrogacy.