Adenomyosis of the uterus - is the appearance of endometriosis (tissue identical to the uterine lining - the endometrium) in the muscle layer of the uterus (myometrium). Symptoms generally correspond to the degree of penetration of the endometrium into the myometrium. The most common symptoms of uterine adenomyosis
Adenomyosis of the uterus - the problem of women forties
They are uterine bleeding
Uterine bleeding outside of menstruation - a sign of a serious breach
Peculiarities of adenomyosis
Adenomyosis - this is a very common disease, and as often is asymptomatic. The woman is free to become pregnant, give birth, and adenomyosis does not manifest. Adenomyosis is often detected by ultrasound (US) of the pelvic organs on the other disease. If the disease is asymptomatic, then just watch him.
But such a process can be activated and - monitoring the woman needed to capture this moment and appropriate treatment. Activation of asymptomatic adenomyosis can occur under the influence of several factors: any acute illness, frequent exacerbations of a chronic process, intoxication (smoking, alcohol abuse, etc.), heavy physical or mental stress, and other stresses.
Sometimes the disease from the very beginning is rapid, with the increase of symptoms - it says about the active flow and the rapid progression of the process. In this case, you should immediately start treatment.
Uterine bleeding are the first and the main sign of adenomyosis
Symptoms of adenomyosis - characteristic and recognizable
. The fact is that under the influence of female sex hormones estrogen is a rapid and sustained growth of the endometrium - this process is called proliferation. Normally it is suppressed proliferation of other female sex hormone - progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
But it is usually not enough.
Therefore, the endometrium grows as long as there is a hormonal makeup as soon as it is reduced, the endometrium is rejected. Rejects it or all at once, accompanied by a strong and long enough menstrual bleeding, or section by section, which is also accompanied by bleeding - more durable, but less abundant. Long-term heavy menstrual bleeding is called menorrhagia. A special feature in the monthly adenomyosis is the appearance of two or three days before spotting bleeding, which are brown. Same spotting appears after month end.
When adenomyosis may appear acyclic (intermenstrual) bleedings - metrorragii - they are related to irregular entry into the blood estrogen.
Regular heavy blood loss sooner or later lead to the development of iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is associated with large losses of iron, which is part of the hemoglobin present in red blood cells. Hemoglobin brings to the organs and tissues of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes by its lack of activity is disturbed all organs and tissues, especially those that are especially in need of oxygen, such as the brain.
The characteristic symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are weakness, fatigue, decreased performance, headaches and dizziness. Later appear fainting.
Pain before and during menstruation are also one of the first and the characteristic features of adenomyosis. Pain associated with the fact that the areas of endometriosis located in the muscle layer of the uterus under the influence of hormones undergoing cyclic changes are the same as the endometrium in the uterus.
Before menstruation endometrial proliferation significant areas leads to tissue edema, and their subsequent rejection causes inflammation, which further increases the edema. Swelling of tissues compress the nerves located in the wall of the uterus - this causes pain.
Pains are often aching in nature, growing in intensity and poorly removed by conventional painkillers. Against the background of strong aching pain may come and cramping associated with spasm of the muscles of the uterus - a sharp, sudden pain that often cause a woman to seek medical care.
The nature and location of pain can tell a lot about a specialist, for example, on what part of the uterus located endometrioid pockets. When the location of endometriosis in the corners of the uterus is usually pain radiating to the groin, in the cervix - the rectum or vagina.
Some women have severe pain accompanied by nausea, vomiting, headache, fever, palpitations, sweating, and sometimes even loss of consciousness.
Symptoms of adenomyosis - a painful heavy or prolonged menstruation, about every woman should know.