- Jock itch: fungal infection
- Symptoms and treatment
What is jock itch and why it occurs
Jock itch - a fungal infection of the skin smooth groin. The causative agent of this disease is a fungus (Epidermophyton floccosum), which has been isolated and described in 1907. The fungus is widespread. Ill jock itch only people.
The scales of the affected skin and nail fungus particles exhibit a branching short (2-4 mm) is well refracts light mycelium (intertwining strands) and features a chain of rectangular spores. On nutrient media exciter colony begins to grow on the sixth or seventh day, it has a round dome-shaped, loosely-fluffy consistency and a yellowish color. Microscopic examination of the culture of the fungus mycelium is visible even light clusters with groups at the ends.
Development of the disease contribute to disorders of carbohydrate and fat metabolism, high ambient temperature and sweating, maceration (Moisture) of the skin. Therefore, jock itch is more common in areas with hot, humid climates where often registered common forms of this fungal disease.
Infection of jock itch is usually through household items used by the patient (washcloths, towels, and so on), as well as poor hygiene in baths, saunas. The degree of contagiousness (infectiousness) high, are even endemic outbreaks in hospitals and nursing homes. More common in men.
Pathogens found in the surface layers of the skin, rarely - in the deeper layers.
Symptoms of jock itch
Jock itch is characterized by the appearance of the skin scaly pink patches size 0, 5-1 cm in diameter. They grow circumferentially, while the resolution of inflammation in the center, becoming larger (up to 8-10 cm in diameter) ring-inflammatory red spot or a red-brown color. With their merger formed pockets of polycyclic shape with sharp edges and red puffy roll on the periphery, where there are vesicles (bubbles with clear content) and pustules (pustules). Most affected skin inguinal folds, scrotum, inner thighs, at least - mezhyagodichnoy folds, axillary regions, folds under the breasts.
In some cases, the lesions may occur in the interdigital stop folds, the skin of the torso. In rare cases, the process involves the nail plate toes (yellow spots appear in the thickness of the nail). Patients worried about itching, a burning sensation in the lesions.
The disease is acute at the beginning, but without treatment process becomes chronic.
Diagnosis jock itch
The diagnosis of inguinal athlete is established on the basis of the characteristic symptoms of the disease and is confirmed by laboratory tests: the detection of fungal elements in flakes of skin and nail particles. The final allocation confirms the diagnosis
Discharges in women when there is cause for concern
fungal culture by plating with skin scrapings on nutrient medium.
Treatment jock itch
In the treatment in the acute stage of lotion applied topically 0, 25% silver nitrate, 1% solution of resorcinol. Inside appoint 10% solution of calcium chloride and antihistamines - these drugs help reduce inflammation. If the areas affected skin vesicles and pustules there, pockets for a week lubricate 1-2% alcoholic solution of iodine and then for two or three weeks - 3-5% of the sulfur-tar ointment
Sulfur-tar ointment - help from scabies and lichen
and antifungal creams and ointments (ketokonozolom, clotrimazole
Clotrimazole - effective against bacteria
and others). If inflammation pronounced, the combined use of ointments and creams, which in addition to antifungal drugs include glucocorticoid hormones, which reduce inflammation.
Inside also prescribe anti-fungal drugs. The criteria for cure is the lack of lesions on the skin and negative results of microscopic examination of skin scrapings for mushrooms.
Preventing athlete's groin is in compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, anti-sweat, correction of metabolic disorders
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
. To prevent a recurrence of the disease the skin in place allowed the lesions in the absence of contraindications smeared daily for three weeks, 2% alcohol solution of iodine is carried out a thorough disinfection of household items used by the patient.