- Meals for gastritis - spare your stomach
- What happens in the stomach
What happens in the stomach
Gastritis occurs defeat the gastric mucosa. In acute gastritis and chronic gastritis exacerbation of these phenomena are inflammatory in nature, and with long flowing chronic gastritis - Hypertrophic (swelling of the mucous membrane of the stomach) and atrophic (mucosa becomes thinner and shrinks) in violation of resilience. It is accompanied by a dysfunction of the stomach, which is often expressed in violation of secretion. This first allocation is reduced
Discharges in women when there is cause for concern
hydrochloric acid, and then - enzymes. Depending on the condition of gastric secretory function distinguish gastritis
Gastritis - several stomach disorders
normal, increased or decreased secretion.
The value of clinical nutrition
Therapeutic nutrition in the complex treatment of gastritis
Treatment of gastritis - a long and difficult
It has a leading role. During an exacerbation of chronic gastritis regardless of the nature of the secretory disorders (increase or decrease secretion) must respect the principles of schazheniya gastric mucosa. Food should be well cooked and shredded. From diet excluded foods and dishes with a strong aphrodisiac effects, as well as causing mechanical, thermal and chemical irritation of the gastric mucosa.
Mehanichekoe sparing the gastric mucosa
Gastritis is necessary to exclude crude fiber contained in the unripe fruit, cabbage, cucumbers, beans, peas, berries with a rough skin (such as gooseberries, currants).
It is also known that the amount of food that is his hyperextension affects the secretion and gastric motility. The actions and length of stay of food in the stomach. Therefore frequent but small portions of meals for patients is one of the general provisions of the diet therapy of diseases of the stomach. Thus it is necessary to take into account the delay time in the stomach of certain foods:
- 200 ml of water, tea, broth, boiled egg - 1-2 hours;
- 200 ml of milk, boiled eggs, fried eggs, fish stew, jelly, fruit drinks, biscuits, white bread - 2-3 hours;
- boiled vegetables, boiled meat (beef), chicken, black bread, apples - 3-4 hours;
- grilled meat, herring, mashed lentils or peas, refried beans - 4-5 hours.
Mechanical sparing the gastric mucosa should provide the degree (full readiness) and forms (boiling, stewing) cooking food.
Chemical and thermal sparing the gastric mucosa
At various lesions stomach diet should be built depending on the nature of functioning of the gastric glands. So, in violation of gastric juice administered sokogonnym food: savory seasonings, strong broths of meat, fish, vegetables, brown bread.
Central aphrodisiac powers, while inhibiting the activity of hydrochloric acid (when in the stomach associated hydrochloric acid) have boiled meat and fish, white bread, milk, fruits and berries.
Weak sokogonnym dishes are dairy products, soft-boiled eggs, cereal, white crackers, sweet juices.
Fats (eg, butter) inhibit gastric secretion and egg protein is rapidly degraded hydrochloric acid.
Mucous broths from groats contribute enveloping mucus and thus prevent chemical attack on the gastric mucosa. Neutralizes the effect of the gastric enzyme pepsin, pectin, which are found in many fruits and vegetables (especially mashed potatoes).
Secretory function is largely due to the blood supply to the gastric mucosa, so this becomes very important the temperature of food intake. Cold food inhibits the production of hydrochloric acid and enzymes, slows down recovery of gastric mucosa. Too hot food also has an adverse effect on the gastric mucosa.
How to eat with gastritis
Initially appointed 1A diet, nutrition in which should be a fraction, 5-6 times a day, all the products are only boiled, cooked dishes - mashed.
With the subsiding acute changes and diet therapy is conducted in accordance with the secretory disorders. It is also used zigzag diet that provides for the expansion of diet for short periods with a return to gentle diet. Such power trains, as it promotes the revival of regenerative processes in the gastric mucosa.