- Heavy periods with clots: find out the cause
Heavy periods with clots can occur for various reasons. In order to ascertain the cause of such periods, should see a doctor and if necessary conduct a survey - only then can be assigned to appropriate treatment.
The reason plentiful monthly clotted - congenital malformations of the structure of the uterus
In congenital uterine anomalies structure it may have an irregular shape or septum inside the cavity, which contribute to stagnation of blood in the uterine cavity. As a result, the blood throughout the menstrual isolated as clots. Such heavy menstruation may be due to hormonal disorders, which are often accompanied by malformations of the uterus. Moreover, they are usually painful.
Congenital anomalies of the structure of the uterus may be associated with hereditary diseases, occupational hazards, abuse of certain substances woman during pregnancy (eg, smoking), and so on. There are anomalies such as the doubling of the uterus and vagina, cervix, and split the body of the uterus at the general vagina, forming a rudimentary uterine horn, horned uterus and so on.
Treatment of such disorders mostly operational.
The operation is performed after prior thorough examination, including using hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy - examination of the uterus inside
(research on the state of the uterus using a special endoscopic equipment) and hysterography (X-ray of the uterus).
The reason plentiful monthly clotted - hormonal disorders
Hormonal disorders are most often the cause of heavy menstrual period
Heavy periods: causes numerous to
clotted. This may be a consequence of violations at any level of the cerebral cortex - the hypothalamus - pituitary - ovary - uterus.
Tumors and diseases of the hypothalamus can stimulate increased secretion of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), the latter will cause premature ripening of the egg, the suppression of secretion of other pituitary hormone (LH), and female sex hormone progesterone, which is secreted by the ovaries. Under the influence of FSH secretion by the ovaries increases the female sex hormones estrogen.
It estrogens contribute to a significant widening of the mucous membrane of the uterus, which is then rejected with heavy bleeding. If the woman observed increased blood clotting, the menstrual blood clots occur. Tumors and diseases of the pituitary gland and the ovaries can cause a similar picture.
In the ovaries under the influence of large amounts of estrogen may begin premature regression of the corpus luteum to produce progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
That will also cause the appearance of heavy menstrual flow, often with clots.
Heavy menstruation with clots often occur in the background presence in the uterus intrauterine device. In addition, heavy menstrual bleeding with clots may be a sign of violations of the thyroid and adrenal glands.
In order to understand what changes have led to such violations, conduct a full examination of women, including in cases of suspected pathology of the hypothalamic-pituitary system is carried out with magnetic resonance or computed tomography (MRI, CT) in the area. After identifying the tumors are removed, treated with other hormonal disorders usually conservatively.
The reason plentiful monthly clotted - endometriosis, uterine
Endometriosis is called sprawl areas lining of the uterus to other organs and tissues. Mucosal cells during menstruation fall into the fallopian tube and into the blood, where they can get into any organ. Wherein portions other mucosal tissues (sections endometriosis) behave exactly the same as the rest of endometrium that is undergoing cyclic changes.
In most cases, endometriosis arises in the muscular layer of the uterus. At the same time during menstruation endometriosis areas partially separated from the uterine wall, it violated the integrity of the blood vessels and there are clusters of blood that folds and forms clots.
A sign of endometriosis uterus is very painful heavy menstruation (menorrhagia), often with clots. Furthermore, there may be irregular uterine bleeding
Uterine bleeding outside of menstruation - a sign of a serious breach
To make a diagnosis of endometriosis, a woman should be examined. To this end, hosts a variety of lab tests.
Treatment of endometriosis is carried out when he was worried about a woman, including in the menstrual cycle, which can lead to complications such as persistent iron deficiency anemia. Treatment is carried out with the help of hormones (such as progesterone, which inhibits the secretion of estrogen), or quickly.
Any violation of the menstrual cycle require examination and supervision of the gynecologist.