Open-angle glaucoma - occurs often goes unnoticed

September 29, 2013

 open-angle glaucoma
 Open-angle glaucoma is more common in the elderly and goes unnoticed. Symptoms of the disease is a gradual decline in vision, which is not always the patients notice time. In advanced stages of the disease can be completely lost his sight, after which there will be growing pains in the orbit and temple.

 Open-angle glaucoma - occurs often goes unnoticed

Why is developing open-angle glaucoma

Open-angle glaucoma develops in violation of the outflow of fluid (aqueous humor) from the anterior chamber due to the obstruction of the drainage system. This leads to accumulation of fluid in the area, increasing the pressure and vnutrigaaznogo gradual optic nerve crush. Open-angle glaucoma is a slow gradual and imperceptible to the patient decreased vision.

Open-angle glaucoma Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness  Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness
   It can be primary and secondary. Primary open-angle glaucoma develops independently, causing the appearance of the main symptoms of the disease. The causes of this disease often can not be established. Many researchers believe that this is due to the imperfection of the diagnosis. Contribute to the development of glaucoma, myopia Myopia - when visual acuity falls  Myopia - when visual acuity falls
 , Family history, difficult working conditions, emotional stress, toxicity and so on.

Secondary open-angle glaucoma develops against the background of various diseases of the eye, which lead to "breakage" of the drainage system. It can be infectious and inflammatory, metabolic and degenerative diseases, toxicity, tumor, the effects of trauma, burns, etc.

Whatever was the cause of open-angle glaucoma, occurs it is usually the same, with the same symptoms.

 Open-angle glaucoma - occurs often goes unnoticed


Open-angle glaucoma goes unnoticed. All of the symptoms associated with increased intraocular pressure (normal - less than 22 mm Hg. Art.) Due to violation of the outflow of fluid from the anterior chamber of the eye. The pressure in the anterior chamber (and therefore in the eyeball) increases gradually. The same occurs gradually squeezing the optic nerve and reduced visual function. Suspected open angle glaucoma can cause not only an increase in intraocular pressure, but it swings above 5 mm Hg during the day and different intraocular pressure in the right and left eye.

The first signs of the disease that the patient can find in his own, are reduced visual acuity. The visual function is impaired due to the narrowing of the visual field - in the first place violated peripheral vision on the inside (the patient can not see his nose), then gradually broken field of view from the other side. Finally, in the developed and advanced stages of the disease and impaired central vision. Initially, the patient bad distinguish individual objects, then there is only a sense of light or complete darkness, and finally, there is complete blindness.

The emergence of persistent defects in sight against the background of changes in the optic nerve: excavation (deepening) of the optic nerve, which the doctor sees the fundus, is a consequence of atrophic changes of nerve fibers. Often these violations are asymmetric (different degree of change right and left). These changes lead to blindness.

In advanced and terminal stages of open-angle glaucoma patient can appear pains in the orbit, temple, brow areas that are often combined with headaches Headache: Causes and Complications  Headache: Causes and Complications

 Open-angle glaucoma - occurs often goes unnoticed


Open angle glaucoma treated with conservative (medication) methods, but if these methods are ineffective, surgical treatment.

Drug treatment is the administration of drugs that lower the intraocular pressure, drugs that enhance blood circulation in the eye (including the blood circulation in the optic nerve) as well as drugs improving metabolic processes in this field.

In order to reduce intraocular pressure prescribe diuretics (e.g. Diacarbum).

The indications for surgical treatment of open-angle glaucoma is the inefficiency of conservative treatment, persistent pronounced increase in intraocular pressure, a progressive loss of vision.

Conducted the so-called fistuliziruyuschie operation in which the wall of the eyeball is a hole (fistula) to keep the outflow of intraocular fluid - deep sclerectomy. But it is quite traumatic operation, so recently it is often replaced by penetrating deep sclerectomy during which is not a through-hole in the sclera and used natural moisture permeability surgically thinned peripheral portion of the inner membrane of the cornea. In addition, sometimes the surgery is performed the implantation of artificial drainage, maintaining a constant outflow of fluid from the eye - this operation is considered the most effective in open-angle glaucoma.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • glaucoma

Myopia - just a feature of

September 27, 2009

 Myopia, or nearsightedness - a violation of view, in which a person can clearly see objects that are close to him, and objects farther away are blurred. Myopia develops when the eyeball is too long or if the cornea is too curved. As a result, the light entering the eye is focused correctly and distant objects appear hazy.

Myopia is a very common disorder; in some countries it is common in 30% of the population. Some studies support the theory that nearsightedness is hereditary. There is growing evidence that the factors accompanying the development of myopia, eye strain can be, for example, as a result of prolonged and regular computer work.

As a rule, myopia was first detected in children of school age. In most cases, this disturbance progresses up to about 20 years. However, the myopia can also develop in adults as a result of the DC voltage eyes, or certain diseases such as diabetes.

Myopia can also be linked to environmental factors and characteristics of professional activity. For example, some people blur distant objects observed only at night. This may be due to poor illumination or to increase the size of the pupil in the dark.

People who are engaged in work requiring a large voltage of view, can suffer from the symptoms of so-called false myopia. Remote objects may appear blurred due to them, because they are overtaxed eye mechanisms responsible for focusing. After prolonged use of the eyes can not change the focus and see clearly what is more or less far away. These symptoms tend to be of a temporary nature; vision can be restored after holidays. However, over time, a frequent eye strain can cause permanent visual impairment.

 Myopia - just a feature of


For the diagnosis of myopia can be used a variety of methods and tools as usual table for an eye examination and a more modern tools - phoropter and retinoscope. During the test using phoropter doctor puts before the eyes of the patient's various lenses and using retinoscope determines how the eye focuses light. For the diagnosis of myopia may also apply automatic instruments.

 Myopia - just a feature of


The main methods of treatment, or rather, are myopic glasses, contact lenses and eye surgery, the most common of which - laser vision correction Laser vision correction - what is the most effective way?  Laser vision correction - what is the most effective way?
 . first selecting means, as a rule, are glasses - they are the easiest to use and safe. On the other hand, contact lenses provide a wider field of view. Operations in most cases effectively improve eyesight, but this method may not be suitable, not least - because of its relatively high cost.

In addition, there is a special therapy for people with nearsightedness cause spasm of the muscles responsible for focusing the eye. Such patients are recommended a variety of exercises that gradually improve vision.

 Myopia - just a feature of

How does the body of

The body of view - it is not only the eyes but also a part of the nervous system - the image of the eye is transmitted by the optic nerve to the brain.

Eye - a balloon (or eyeball), located in the eye slit. Inside the eye are transparent light-refracting medium - the lens, the vitreous and aqueous humor. The wall of the eye consists of three layers of the outer connective tissue, vascular and internal medium - retina.

The outer shell will protect your eyes from injury, it is transparent front (the cornea) and is part of the optical system. Choroid front called the iris. In the middle of the iris is a hole (the pupil), is under the iris ciliary body with the ciliary muscle, which changes the cutting or relaxing the convexity of the lens. The retina is made up of nerve receptors that are in the back of her perceived image. In the middle of the back of the eye is a place, which is in contact with the rays, the image becomes especially clear (the macula), next to it is the optic disc and blood vessels that nourish the eyeball.

System light-refracting eye refracts rays, which penetrate into the eye, the focus of this index (the place where the refracted rays crossed) gets to the retina and the optic nerve to the brain information is. The lens has the ability to flatten or round, changing its refractive power - this is called of accommodation (ciliary muscle contraction is provided).

The refractive power of the eye is called refraction, it is measured in diopters, comparing with the work of the lens. A diopter is a refractive power of a lens with a focal length of 1 m.

 Myopia - just a feature of

Myopia mild to moderate

Mild myopia - a violation of refraction to 3, 0 diopters, medium - 3, 0 to 6 diopters. Myopia mild to moderate rather than a disease, but an anomaly or peculiarity of view. Most often it is reflected in the fact that man is badly sees distant objects and squinting to better see them. Due to the constant narrowed his eyes at the short-sighted people who do not wear glasses or contact lenses, appear premature wrinkles. For myopia and is characterized by the appearance of "flies" in front of my eyes - small, moving together with a look of points.

In most cases, myopia is weak and requires only moderate correction glasses or contact lenses Contact lenses - whether they can completely replace the glasses?  Contact lenses - whether they can completely replace the glasses?
 . Recently, for the treatment of myopia laser correction is applied: the laser removes a thin layer of the cornea, reducing its refraction.

 Myopia - just a feature of

High myopia

High myopia is placed in violation of refraction up to 6, 0 diopters or higher. Since the anteroposterior dimensions of the eye during progressive myopia increasing rapidly, then increases and violation of refraction (elongation axis of the eye for 1 mm - a strengthening of myopia 3, 0 diopters). The appearance of such people is typical: convex eyes, eye slit open, the pupil expanded.

The high degree of myopia often can not be corrected with glasses. Slightly better are contact lenses, but they often do not help in such cases, patients prescribed telescopic glasses, which have the appearance of small binoculars. Surgical correction of vision in high myopia is to remove the lens and the installation is not his place specially chosen lens.

 Myopia - just a feature of

Progressive (malignant) myopia

Progressive myopia or malignant form is accompanied by a rapid increase of the eyeball, resulting in a stretchable meninges, and the development of complications caused by malnutrition retina. All these changes cause defects in the retina and can lead to detachment of it - a severe complication with severe visual impairment.

Malignant myopia in addition to vision correction requires a long konservativnogolecheniya.

 Myopia - just a feature of

Based on what the diagnosis of myopia

A diagnosis of myopia is made by typical complaints of the patient and confirmed by objective research:

  • visual acuity with special lenses, correcting nearsightedness;
  • skiascopy - observation of the movement of the light spot in the illuminated pupil during rotation ophthalmoscopic mirror; with normal vision, farsightedness Hyperopia - than it is fraught?  Hyperopia - than it is fraught?
   and short-sightedness Myopia - when visual acuity falls  Myopia - when visual acuity falls
   less than 1 diopter light spot moves in one direction, while myopia above 1, 0 diopters - in the other;
  • refractometry eye - measurement of refraction with the help of special equipment - refractometer;
  • ophthalmoscopy - research the state of the fundus (the visible inner surface of the eyeball); inspection is carried out using an ophthalmoscope, identify complications of myopia;
  • ultrasonic diagnostic techniques (can measure the length of the eyeball, and the thickness of the cornea at different sites).

  Galina Romanenko