Stages of glaucoma - the types of the disease - acute and pigmentary glaucoma

October 10, 2013

  • Stages of glaucoma - the types of disease
  • Acute glaucoma and pigmentary

 acute stage of glaucoma and pigmentary

Acute glaucoma

In patients with angle-closure glaucoma may develop an acute attack of glaucoma - it is the result of the rapid increase in intraocular pressure.

Acute glaucoma Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness  Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness
   most often occurs in the elderly, especially - have farsightedness. In addition, this violation is more common among women than among men.

Symptoms of an acute attack of glaucoma are usually severe pain in the eyes, nausea and vomiting. Whites of the eyes, patients may become reddish. Often there is a decrease in visual acuity; Some patients see halos around lights (individually, without pain and other symptoms, it is not a sign of acute glaucoma).

 Acute and pigmentary glaucoma | Stages of glaucoma - the types of disease

How dangerous is an acute attack of glaucoma?

If you suspect an acute glaucoma as soon as possible, seek medical help. If the patient does not receive timely treatment, acute glaucoma, within one or two days may lead to complete loss of vision.

 Acute and pigmentary glaucoma | Stages of glaucoma - the types of disease

Safety measures

Patients with narrow-angle glaucoma Angle-closure glaucoma - possibly severe course of the disease  Angle-closure glaucoma - possibly severe course of the disease
   advised to avoid medications that include pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, chlorpheniramine, diphenhydramine. It is believed that they may provoke an acute attack of glaucoma. For patients with open angle glaucoma Open-angle glaucoma - occurs often goes unnoticed  Open-angle glaucoma - occurs often goes unnoticed
   these substances harmless. They are usually not dangerous, and for those patients with narrow-angle glaucoma who were treated by laser surgery.

Steroids (cortisone, hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone - a drug that could save the life of the patient  Hydrocortisone - a drug that could save the life of the patient
 , Prednisolone) may also lead to a sharp increase in intraocular pressure, and cause an acute attack of glaucoma. Before taking any of these medications, be sure to consult with your doctor.

 Acute and pigmentary glaucoma | Stages of glaucoma - the types of disease


Acute Glaucoma is usually treated with a laser. A laser beam the doctor is doing in the iris microscopic opening through which aqueous humor flows, whereby intraocular pressure is lowered rapidly. This operation is painless (patients previously give a sedative and injected anesthetic), and does not lead to vision loss.

Patients who are at increased risk of acute glaucoma (such as those with congenital closure glaucoma) such an operation can be carried out for the prevention of acute attacks. This makes sense because, after symptom onset severe damage to the visual system can be applied only for a few hours - before the patient has time to receive medical care. In addition, some patients seek treatment too late, because they can not to recognize the beginning of an attack of acute glaucoma (many people suffer pain, for example, because they can not or do not want to leave work in the middle of the day, and someone just lives very far from the hospital where you can get adequate treatment).

Restore lost nerve fibers is not possible.

In rare cases, acute attacks of glaucoma can occur even in patients who had surgery, so the appearance of the relevant symptoms it is necessary to consult a doctor.

 Acute and pigmentary glaucoma | Stages of glaucoma - the types of disease

Pigmentary glaucoma

Disorder in which the pigment is detached from the rear surface of the iris, and redistributed in eye structures called pigment dispersion syndrome. The pigment can be deposited in the trabecular meshwork, causing increased intraocular pressure - this is pigmentary glaucoma. Pigment dispersion syndrome often starts to develop already in the second decade of life, and early optic nerve damage associated with them caused by glaucoma can appear long before he starts to go on the survey to the ophthalmologist.

Pigmentary glaucoma occurs in approximately 35% of patients with the syndrome of the pigment dispersion. For this reason, all patients who have been diagnosed pigment dispersion syndrome, need to have regular checkups to timely detect glaucoma. Patients who have no visual impairment (including peripheral vision) and damage to the optic nerve, and eye pressure is within the normal range is usually enough to be surveyed once a year. If the patient is already there any disorders associated with glaucoma, may require more frequent testing.

To control the intraocular pressure of glaucoma when the pigment is usually more difficult than in open-angle glaucoma.

However, most patients with the age of disease symptoms become less pronounced - is associated with a reduced production of the pigment.

Some patients with pigmentary glaucoma can occur a sharp increase in intraocular pressure - the reason is the increase in pigment, falling to the trabecular meshwork due to taking certain medications or intense exercise. Patients who are seriously involved in sports, to prevent the increase in IOP can be assigned to drugs that lower blood pressure.

For the treatment of pigmentary glaucoma typically uses the same drug as that in other types of glaucoma: miotics, beta-blockers, prostaglandins, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and others. In some cases also used iridotomy, laser trabeculoplasty, and other types of surgery.

Article Tags:
  • glaucoma

How to restore vision - help their own eyes - distant and near

September 24, 2014

  • How to restore vision - help their own eyes
  • Farsightedness and nearsightedness

 how to restore vision in farsighted

How to restore vision at long sight

Hyperopia - a disorder in which a person sees distant objects well, but it is difficult to focus on objects that are close. Completely get rid of it at home is not possible, but the following recommendations will help to substantially improve the vision:

Rest your eyes. When the human body gets tired, he usually sits or lies down to rest - at least for a while. Eye fatigue is very often ignored, and they have to cope with serious workloads for many hours. If you are already showing signs of farsightedness, try to follow the rule that in English literature known as 10-10-10. It lies in the fact that when you are reading, working on the computer, knit or do anything else that requires eye strain, you just ten minutes for ten seconds looking at something situated on you ten feet (this a little more than three meters).

Do the exercises for the eyes. The question of whether it is possible to restore vision exercises, remains open, but many patients say that after their performance they really began to see better. When farsightedness Hyperopia - than it is fraught?  Hyperopia - than it is fraught?
   recommended ten minutes a day to sit, eyes closed with his hands, so that you felt as if you are in total darkness. Do not put pressure on your eyes, relax, breathe deeply, and focus on the dark before his eyes. Another exercise to restore vision in farsighted: focus on an object, located a few meters away from you, and then begin to sway from side to side, still holding the view on this subject. Do not forget to blink often enough - exercise should not lead to irritation and dryness of the eyes.

Rotate them in two or three minutes a day - this exercise provides an excellent rest your eyes. In carrying out its daily during breaks at work, you will soon notice that are better to see close objects.


How to restore the vision in myopia

Myopia can be called a disorder, hyperopia reverse: people suffering from it can not clearly see distant objects. Exercises for eyes with myopia Myopia - when visual acuity falls  Myopia - when visual acuity falls
   can not only improve vision, but also to reduce the sensitivity to light, reducing eye fatigue during the day and prevent some eye diseases that can develop in old age.

At the same time, keep in mind that the development of myopia can affect not only the eye strain, nutrition and bad habits Bad habits - second nature?  Bad habits - second nature?
 , And genetic predisposition. For those close relatives who suffer from myopia, different ways to restore vision without surgery may be less effective than for everyone else.

Popular exercises for the treatment of myopia Treatment of myopia: conservative or surgical?  Treatment of myopia: conservative or surgical?

  • Exercise 1. This exercise improves a person's ability to focus on distant objects. Stand in the middle of the room and straighten your back. Face the picture or other object on the wall and raise your index finger so that the tip was a few inches from your nose. Focus your eyes on the tip of your finger, and then quickly glancing at the picture. First, the picture will look washed out, but continue to focus on it until you see it clearly enough (so far as the vision). Repeat 5-10 times. When you can see the big picture is very clear, you start the exercise, taking a step back. Continue to gradually increase the distance between himself and the painting.
  • Exercise 2: Sit down, grab a pencil. Keep it about 15 cm from the tip of the nose. Quickly look at the pencil, and immediately put the view on a subject as close as possible from you (for example, home of the window). After a few seconds, and then move the view of the pencil. Repeat 10-15 times.
  • Exercise 3. Holding a pencil at the level of the person, taking him from the eyes, until you reach a conditional line beyond which you will not see it quite clearly. Hold the pencil about a few millimeters up to this line. Imagine that in front of you is a large transparent box tic-tac-toe (he can be more than nine squares). Touch the pencil to each of imaginary squares, watching his eyes. Do this exercise at least once a day, and you will soon notice that the vision is beginning to recover.

Article Tags:
  • Vision Correction