- Conjunctivitis in adults when the eyes are affected
- Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis of conjunctivitis in adults
Description of the symptoms of the disease helps the doctor in the early stages of diagnosis. Before the visit to the doctor try to remember exactly when you have the first signs of conjunctivitis
Symptoms of conjunctivitis when sick eyes
When they become particularly pronounced when a fade, and so on. After the conversation with the patient the doctor may prescribe a smear or scraping the conjunctiva. With the help of a special tool is extracted a small amount of mucus from the surface of the eye for laboratory analysis. Such a test in many cases to establish the causative agent of infectious conjunctivitis
Infective conjunctivitis - options Origin
In most cases, conjunctivitis takes no more than two weeks without special treatment. If symptoms persist for longer and / or they become very pronounced, and if there are features such as photophobia, blurred vision and severe pain in the eyes, you need to turn again to the doctor and undergo additional tests. Sometimes these symptoms point to the following violations:
- Acute glaucoma
Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness
- A rare form of glaucoma, which leads to a sharp increase in intraocular pressure;
- Keratitis - an inflammatory disease of the cornea;
- Iritis - a violation that causes symptoms very similar to the symptoms of conjunctivitis
Symptoms of conjunctivitis - bright display
How to treat conjunctivitis in adults - infectious conjunctivitis
The recommended method of treatment - conjunctivitis depends on what caused the disease.
Than to treat conjunctivitis in adults in the home. Most often, patients with this disease do not need special treatment - it is sufficient to use a variety of non-prescription tools and carry out simple advice to alleviate the symptoms of the disease and prevent infection of other people.
- Remove contact lenses. If you wear lenses, try to do without them as long until all the symptoms of the infection have disappeared. If your doctor has prescribed taking any medication, do not wear contact lenses during treatment and for 24 hours afterwards. After recovery, replace all the old to the new lens to avoid re-infection;
- Use non-prescription eye drops, or so-called "artificial tears". They prevent dryness of the eyes, soothe irritation and relieve the symptoms of conjunctivitis;
- Carefully remove the sticky mucus from the eyelashes and eyelid using cotton balls and warm water;
- Wash your hands regularly. It is especially important to do this every time after you touch your eyes.
Antibiotics in the treatment of infectious conjunctivitis are rarely used because it usually goes away on its own, and rarely causes complications. However, they may be needed if the disease is very severe, and / or if the symptoms persist for several weeks. Usually when conjunctivitis, the following antibiotics:
Chloramphenicol eye drops - the drug of first choice for bacterial conjunctivitis. In the first two days of the drug is recommended to bury the diseased eye one drop every two hours (while awake). Yet within five days of chloramphenicol instilled once in four hours. The symptoms of conjunctivitis may disappear within 4-5 days after starting treatment, but the drops should be used for seven days.
In some cases, instead of eye drops may be administered to the eye ointment of the same active ingredient.
Fusidic acid is usually given to patients who, for whatever reason, does not fit chloramphenicol. It can also prescribe for pregnant women, because it is safer for the fetus. Eye drops with fusidic acid is used twice a day, during seven days.
Treatment for conjunctivitis in adults with these drugs can cause transient blurred vision. Immediately after applying the drops is not recommended to drive and operate machinery that rough handling can cause harm to human health. Usually, you just wait a little longer, and completely normal vision. Very rarely chloramphenicol or fusidic acid causes a slight burning or stinging in the eyes, but these side effects usually pass quickly. If they persist for several hours after taking the medicine, consult your doctor.
If two weeks after the start of treatment of conjunctivitis symptoms persist, talk to your doctor. You should also consult your doctor if the medication after you show signs of an allergic reaction, such as strong redness, swelling, itching.