Psychiatric emergency - when it is really necessary?

June 14th, 2009

  • Psychiatric emergency - when it is really necessary?
  • Disorders of consciousness

 Psychiatric emergency
 People whose loved ones suffer from mental disorders, often wonder what they can do on their own when a patient comes aggravation. This is a very serious issue that causes both confusion and concern. For example, it is very difficult to decide whether to hospitalize a person against his will, and what the consequences may be from hospital.

 Psychiatric emergency - when it is really necessary?

When needed psychiatric emergency

Firstly, it is important to understand that now a man on involuntary treatment is not as easy as it was decades ago. Now experts are focused on the fact that the hospitalization of the mentally ill, if necessary, was as short as possible - it usually lasts a couple of weeks, in some cases - for several months, but rarely - more. Currently, more attention is paid to the rights of persons with mental illness.

On the other hand, there are cases where the person should be hospitalized, even if he is actively resisting this. There are two circumstances in which a person needs urgent psychiatric care, implying hospitalization:

  • If the patient is a danger to yourself, you need to call a doctor, who will put him in hospital for further evaluation of his condition. Although the auto-aggressive behavior does not always speak about the real intention to commit suicide Suicide in terms of the psychiatrist - can it be prevented?  Suicide in terms of the psychiatrist - can it be prevented?
 At demonstrating this behavior is the minimum required, a thorough examination of the patient. The real threat of suicide is characterized by a specific plan of depriving himself of life - including the acquisition of poisons, weapons, and so on. If you have a suspicion that other people (close to you, or not) was going to commit suicide, it is strongly recommended to inform his family and / or consult with your doctor on the phone.
  • If a person is a danger to others, and need emergency psychiatric care. However, if the person previously considered mentally normal, threatening to others, for example, using weapons, you can first call the police. The reasons for this insanity can be both alcohol and drug abuse, and diseases that affect the brain, such as stroke Stroke - a serious brain injury  Stroke - a serious brain injury
 Alzheimer's disease, brain tumor Brain tumor - surgery inevitable  Brain tumor - surgery inevitable
   and other physical or mental illness. Stopping medications mentally ill person may exacerbate the disease. Drug abuse could have a destabilizing effect on persons with mental illness and mental health of people.

 Psychiatric emergency - when it is really necessary?

In the waiting room

When patients are taken to the emergency room psychiatrist determines whether there is a need for hospitalization or the patient's condition can be stabilized without it. Sometimes the test takes up to 72 hours before the experts take a final decision on further treatment.

Medical staff always takes special care when dealing with patients who needed urgent psychiatric help. Their task - to protect both the patient and his family, and the general public. Therefore, the decision to return the patient's home, as well as of his hospitalization, should be carefully considered, and sometimes requires a lot of time.

Many people with mental illness into remission may feel good and to adequately assess their condition. Such patients can self-define the approach of acute illness.

If you have loved ones who you trust, tell them what symptoms indicate a deterioration in your state and ask them if they appear to call the doctor. Do not be ashamed of it. If you and your family will be prepared for emergencies, and emergency care will assist in a timely manner, you will soon be able to maintain an acceptable quality of life, despite the mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?  Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?

If you feel you are approaching a crisis, do not wait to get worse. As long as you control your actions, call your doctor. When you describe your symptoms to him, he will be able to decide what kind of help you require.

Psychoprophylaxis - how to avoid stress

June 21, 2009

 Psychoprophylaxis - is any method used to prevent the development of various psychological states. Now the term is most often used to describe the methods used to facilitate childbirth. The most famous of them - the Lamaze technique.

 Psychoprophylaxis - how to avoid stress

Psychoprophylaxis for expectant mothers ...

In this method, women are taught to respond positively to the pain accompanying childbirth. Expectant mothers learn to relax during labor with the help of his partner, who also helps with childbirth.

The roots of this method psychoprophylaxis go to the teachings of Ivan Pavlov, and named it after the French doctor who developed a particular technique childbirth without pain.

During labor, women are advised not to focus on relaxation, and on breathing. The first phase of psychological prophylaxis - is getting women to their fears and doubts concerning the birth, then they are taught to perceive as an incentive birth pangs, not pain, and react accordingly.

As the expectant mother and her partner, perform breathing exercises that help reduce stress during childbirth. Many women prefer this kind of psychological prophylaxis, as this eliminates the need to use painkillers and you can completely control the process of childbirth. Recently psychoprophylaxis pays more attention not breathing and physical sensations woman and her inner spirit. Women get rid of stereotypical attitudes about childbirth, such as that in this case it ceases to control your body.

Do not think that the birth using this method are harmless. Rather, when correctly applied to the changing ratio of pain, and consequently, its effect on the woman in labor. Unfortunately, many women do not understand the method of psychological prophylaxis and in pain, begin to be afraid that something goes wrong.

 Psychoprophylaxis - how to avoid stress

... And their partners

Psychoprophylaxis can save men from the fear of childbirth. This is very important because today men are often present at birth. Many of them go at it calmly, but some upcoming scares and that they have especially high probability of severe psychological disturbances associated with childbirth. Some of them are afraid of the process, someone - a change that may occur in their relationship with a partner after childbirth. In some centers for such future popes organize special groups and engage with them separately; in parallel, they are preparing to leave together with their partners.

 Psychoprophylaxis - how to avoid stress

Sleep deprivation

Another interesting method psychoprophylaxis - sleep deprivation. It is used for the treatment of clinical depression, bipolar depression and manic-depressive psychosis.

In the seventies of the last century it was first noticed that the acute sleep deprivation, especially deprivation of REM sleep (in this phase people are dreaming), has a positive effect on people suffering from depression. Now scientists know that the person who is on a deep depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood  Depression - a little more than a bad mood
 , Will feel better, if for one or two nights it will be deprived of sleep; often after such deprivation people refuse to thoughts of suicide. Such an effect of sleep deprivation due to the fact that after a couple of sleepless nights, a person begins to respond better to positive incentives. When clinical depression, this ability significantly weakened.

Recently, it was suggested that sleep deprivation Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
   as part of psychological help Psychological help: to understand their own rubble ...  Psychological help: to understand their own rubble ...
 Provided to survivors of traumatic situations - such as those in car accidents who survived but lost their loved ones. It is believed that sleep deprivation allows such people to quickly get out of the tragedy associated with the depressed state.

Sleep deprivation as psychoprophylaxis should be used with caution and only under medical supervision. If you abuse this method of sleep deprivation can be dangerous for both mental and physical health of the patient.

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