There are thousands of definitions to describe the identity of the person - talkative, hardworking, organized or unbalanced. Psychologists have discovered that many personality traits often go hand in hand, and combined these related characteristics into five categories, commonly referred to as the "Big Five": conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and openness livable / intelligence. This theory is known as the "five-factor model of personality."
Extraversion (or its opposite - introversion) - a factor that determines how the individual interactions with other people. Extroverts like to be around other people, they like noisy companies and communication, while introverts prefer solitude or a small group of familiar people. Studies have shown that extroverts are more assertive and enterprising, they need to recognize, take great pleasure in promoting and sensitive to criticism.
Introverts, on the contrary, appreciate the solitude and do not pursue the recognition of society. Moreover, obsessive dialogue for them is often intolerable, because of the very intense social contacts introverts quickly get tired, and they need time to "digest" the information.
But what explains this phenomenon? Recently, researchers conducted a study of perception of human faces and inanimate objects extroverts and introverts. To study participants skull attached electrodes that register electrical activity in the brain (this method is known as electroencephalography, or EEG).
The researchers studied the features of changes in electrical activity of the brain, known as P300. The change, which manifests itself in the form of EEG abnormalities may be due to certain problems or sudden changes in the environment, for example, such a deviation occurs when the silence suddenly a loud noise. The reaction of the brain occurs within 300 milliseconds, after which the person is aware of this change and adapting to it.
To cause a reaction P300, participants showed a series of very similar images, in this case, male faces, and then suddenly turned into a series of images of female faces. Participants were also shown photos of purple flowers, interspersed with images of yellow flowers.
It turned out, the higher the level of extroversion, the stronger the P300 response to human faces. In other words, extroverts pay more attention to human faces (P300 can be viewed as an indicator of attention) than inanimate objects. Introverts are also equally responsive to human faces and flowers; for their social stimulus no more significant than any other.
This confirms the view that introverts, or rather, their brains indifferent to humans - introverts do not need them. Introvert brain perceives the interaction with people in the same way as any other contact, inanimate objects.
Attention introverts always directed inward, they are focused on the inner world, so rarely become soul of the company. Introverts - by nature individualists, and this sense of "specialness" (not to be confused with exceptional) prevents them to feel comfortable around others, especially strangers. They are very timid and shy; they need to bring himself to perform on stage or enter the crowded hall. Introverts do not know how to play the fool in front of the camera, entertaining anecdotes more than two people, but they are extremely clever, endowed with a fine mind, observation and irony. Their sense of humor - it's not a sitcom in the spirit of Jim Carrey, but rather a tragi-comedy of Woody Allen, but it does not mean that all introverts - neurotics.
Introverts carefully analyze their emotions
Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code
They have highly developed a penchant for reflection
. But all these reflections, internal conflicts and triumphs often go unnoticed others who do not even know what passions boil close
. While introverts are not too fond of communication, especially with strangers, they are polite and respect the social etiquette, but go on contact and candor is much worse than extroverts
. Introverts do not like publicity in any of its manifestations, whether it be public speaking or a party in a large company
. They need to periodically stop, cease to waste energy and rest to recharge again
. It provides the ability to charge and introverts less exciting environment
. In it, they restore energy
. Introverts need time to think before you react to the situation and their decision is almost always final
. They may think long, but if you dare, do not go back down
. Introverts can be passionate, but rarely aggressive
Introverts are capable of perseverance and long-term focus (unlike extroverts), they rely only on their own judgment and seldom listened to the opinions of others. In an introvert is often a sense of unease or guilt because he "did not like everything." While introverts do not need in society, alienation and rejection of others causes them pain.
Some introverts do not fit the stereotype - they are not shy, initiative, and can start a conversation even with a stranger. This introverts like to talk and listen to others, attend parties and other events. But it is rather an exception, most introverts prefer to spend time at home. Empty small talk and tire their bores, but they are always ready to talk about the depths of the human soul, and other important subjects, but this possibility is rarely so introverts reputation for being boring interlocutors.
Physiological differences between introvert and extrovert
Introverts have increased blood flow in the frontal lobes, the anterior tubercle of thalamus and other brain regions responsible for memorizing facts and events, drawing up plans and finding solutions to problems.
Contrary to popular opinion, introverts do not always have a fear of intimacy - but to know them closely harder than sociable, friendly extroverts, and not everyone is ready to spend for this effort. Meet people and build relationships with the opposite sex is difficult introverts, they often have to overcome himself. But they are excellent partners - honest, reliable, loyal and sincere.