Psychoprophylaxis and Mental Hygiene - protection against stress and severe neuropsychiatric loads

November 28, 2012

 psychoprophylaxis Psychohygiene
 The impact of social, biological and environmental factors on the mental state of a person can not be overestimated. In our time, we developed different methods of preventing the transition beginning (boundary) conditions expressed in pathology, to help people who find themselves in extreme conditions, working with high loads of neuro-psychiatric and so on.

 Psychoprophylaxis and Mental Hygiene - protection against stress and severe neuropsychiatric loads

What psychoprophylaxis and Mental Hygiene

Psychoprophylaxis - a section of the general prevention, which includes a set of activities that provide mental health, prevention of the occurrence and distribution of mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?  Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?
 , Their transition into the chronic form, as well as the rehabilitation of the mentally ill. The main goal of psychological prophylaxis is to prevent mental disorders.

Psychohygiene - a branch of general hygiene, whose task is to study the effect of environmental (natural and social) environment on the mental state of the person, the development and implementation of activities related to the preservation and enhancement of a normal mental state. The main goal of mental health organization is adequate natural and social environment for the maintenance of mental health.

Psychoprophylaxis and Mental Hygiene are two types of the same activities, but for convenience, from a practical point of view of their tasks are divided into two separate parts. These concepts can delineate only relative, since the preservation and strengthening of normal mental state of the person is not possible without the prevention of mental illness.

 Psychoprophylaxis and Mental Hygiene - protection against stress and severe neuropsychiatric loads

The main problems psychoprophylaxis

Neuropsychiatric diseases in most cases closely linked with the effects of the social environment. Even mental illness who have hereditary, appear differently in different social contexts, and sometimes not in any way appear.

Particularly severe social conditions include war, economic crises, bankruptcy, low culture, excessive requirements that apply to the person at work or to the child at school. Matter and various abuse (alcohol, drugs, psychotropic drugs), as well as diseases such as syphilis Syphilis - punishment of Venus  Syphilis - punishment of Venus
 Tuberculosis Tuberculosis - a full recovery is not guaranteed  Tuberculosis - a full recovery is not guaranteed
 Various sexual perversions, and so on.

Modern society places high demands on the state of mental health. The nervous resistance to various influences is today one of the basic requirements for employment, especially related to the neuro-mental load.

All this creates conditions for the development of neuroses and mental diseases. But the man - it is a social being and it has unlimited possibilities for adaptation of society. One of the objectives is to assist psychoprophylaxis person in social adaptation.

 Psychoprophylaxis and Mental Hygiene - protection against stress and severe neuropsychiatric loads

The main problems of mental health

The main problems of mental health are the negative effects of natural and social environment on the person. The objective is to maximize the elimination of mental health such influences. For psychohygienic actions embeddable in various spheres of human activity, and to significantly improve performance of its activities, including labor productivity.

Of great importance is the psychological climate in the team, creating a comfortable environment for employees, various types of neuro-psychiatric discharges, reducing injuries at work.

 Psychoprophylaxis and Mental Hygiene - protection against stress and severe neuropsychiatric loads

Psychogenic as a result of the impact of the environment on human

Mental stress and stress - a major cause of mental health. Under the impact of trauma and severe neuropsychiatric loads may develop psychogenic, which are divided into neuroses and psychoses jet.

Neurosis - is a functional disorder of the central nervous system, which is a change in external conditions and after treatment can be completely cured. In neurosis person understands what is happening to him, but to overcome this state can not. At the same time long-term course of neurosis significantly reduces the efficiency and quality of life. Neuroses require changes in the external environment, and sometimes long-term treatment with the use of psychotherapeutic techniques in the outpatient setting.

Reactive psychosis - a temporary, reversible mental disorders Mental Disorders - when life is fun  Mental Disorders - when life is fun
 Resulting from severe stress. During psychosis people do not understand what was happening to him, as this condition is often accompanied by various changes of consciousness, delusions and hallucinations. These states are completely "knock out" a person of social protection and be treated in the hospital with the use of psychotropic drugs.

Psychohygiene and psychoprophylaxis - this branch of medicine, whose main task - creating conditions that prevent mental illness and rehabilitation of the mentally ill.

Galina Romanenko

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Why am I so tired: possible causes of fatigue

September 23, 2012

 causes of fatigue
 In the morning you have promised myself that after work went straight to the gym. But by the end of the day you were so exhausted that they could only think about how to be more likely to fall on the couch with the TV remote control in hand. Why are you always so tired? Maybe you just do not get enough sleep, or something is wrong with your health?

Chronic fatigue - is one of the most common complaints that people express their doctors. They do it in different ways. Someone said that he was tired, someone complains of fatigue, and some say they simply can not do what they should.

If you always feel exhausted, it has plenty of medical reasons, which we will discuss later. You might ask yourself the question, is not too much you work. But very often the answer is the direct opposite: you work enough.

 Why am I so tired: possible causes of fatigue

Treatment fatigue: exercise

Doctors say that the most important cause of fatigue these days - it is a modern way of life. Overweight, fast food and lack of exercise.

Here are three key lifestyle changes that can dramatically change your energy levels, according to doctors:

  • What are you eating. Do not attempt to quickly raise the energy level by using caffeine and sugar; it will only make you even more tired when blood sugar levels Blood sugar - one of the main indicators of human health  Blood sugar - one of the main indicators of human health
   changes dramatically. Instead, eat a balanced, healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and lean proteins. Most people feel less tired, if properly fed. Healthy eating also means that you will weigh less, and obesity - a major cause of fatigue.
  • How you sleep. About 60% of women said that they get enough sleep only a few times a week. To sleep better, avoid caffeine and alcohol right before bedtime. The place where you sleep should be quiet and calm.
  • How much you exercise. This - the key point. The best recipe for the usual fatigue, which can be compared with fatigue from working in the garden - a regular vigorous exercise. Do the exercises not later than three hours before bedtime Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams

Is exercise does not have to bore us, instead of doing more energetic? The fact that the energy level of the exercise increases. Almost all of the studies that have addressed this issue and found the same thing: people leading a sedentary lifestyle, start watching and feeling less tired than people who continue to lie on the couch. Besides exercise often increase energy levels even higher than the drug.

What is the recipe? How much you should exercise, how often, and how long before you start to notice that not so tiring? Experts recommend to be engaged for 40 minutes at least four times a week.

As soon as you notice the results? You took a while to feel exhausted, and you will not feel better the next day. You need to wait at least a month. During this time you'll need to feel at least some improvement. Work out three to six months, and you will begin to feel much better.

If you perform the exercises recommended at least a month, and get enough sleep, and will still feel bad, look for other causes.

 Why am I so tired: possible causes of fatigue

What else could be wrong?

Chronic fatigue is associated with many different health problems. How to find out which of them can be the cause of your condition?

The short answer is: you can not say that. For this you need a doctor.

Here are some basic assumptions:

  • Anemia. This is a very common cause of fatigue, which is very easily detected by routine blood test. In particular, it is a problem of women, particularly those whose heavy menstruation. You can treat anemia using iron-rich diet, meat and green leafy vegetables, or special supplements, if you have a chronic shortage of iron.
  • Deficiency of essential nutrients such as potassium. Again, it is easy to find with the help of blood tests.
  • Thyroid disease The thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones  The thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones
 . Hyper- and hypoactive thyroid can cause fatigue. A blood test for levels of the hormone that stimulates the activity of the thyroid gland, can help assess its function.
  • Diabetes. People who do not control your diabetes, usually feel unwell. If you feel weakness, and you have blurred vision, or you urinate a lot, you need a blood test.
  • Depression. If accompanied by a feeling of exhaustion with sadness and loss of appetite, and you just can not take pleasure in those things that used to enjoy, you may have depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood  Depression - a little more than a bad mood
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. If you never feel rested, ask the person who sleeps next to you, do not bother you it to your snoring. If yes, do the test in a sleep lab. Some other symptoms of sleep apnea include feeling of lethargy after morning awakening and morning headaches.
  • Undiagnosed heart disease. Fatigue can be a sign of heart problems, especially in women. If you have difficulty performing exercises that were given to you easily, or you start to feel worse during exercise, this may be a sign of heart disease. If you are in doubt, go to the doctor.

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