- Flatfoot - help physiotherapy
What is a flat and its species
Flat feet - a flattening of the foot by lowering its vaults. Flat feet can be longitudinal (lowering of the longitudinal arch of the foot) and transverse (lower transverse arch of the foot). Sometimes the lateral and longitudinal flat feet combined.
A person can be born with flat feet, and then it is called congenital, but you can be born healthy, and further to obtain flat as a result of the illness or injury (work related to the long stay on his feet, injury, paralysis of childhood rickets, etc. ). Acquired flatfoot can be static, paralytic, rachitic and post-traumatic stress.
In the first months of life it necessarily examined by a doctor - orthopedist, which excludes various congenital musculoskeletal disorders, including flat. At birth, all children have the smoothing arch that holds up to about 4-5 years. Such age-related flat feet require observation (not treatment) to notice in time lag in the formation of the arch and take action. Usually these children special courses prescribed therapeutic exercises.
The cause of congenital malformations flat feet are the structural elements of the foot during the prenatal period.
Causes of acquired flatfoot can be quite different. So, it is the result of a traumatic flat wrong accrete fracture foot bones or damage to the muscles and ligaments that strengthen the arch of the foot. Paralytic flat - the result of a violation of the nervous regulation of the muscles that support the arches of the foot, such conditions often after a stroke. Sometimes flatfoot is a consequence of bone disorders after suffering rickets
Rickets - all about vitamins
The culprits static flatfoot can overload associated with prolonged stay on your feet (eg, vendors), wearing shoes with very high heels. But such a flat may be the result of hereditary weakness musculo-ligamentous apparatus. Static longitudinal flat feet more often.
When longitudinal flat
Longitudinal flat - if it hurts to stand
flattened longitudinal arch and foot contact with the floor almost the entire area of the foot, the length of the stop increases. And as the longitudinal flat negatively affects all kinds of leg movements, leading to an overload of the inner thigh muscle groups (their function - to support the lower leg), then it appears the pain and changes in shape, not only in the foot, but in the entire lower extremity.
At the initial stages of flatfoot appears fatigue in the legs, pain with pressure on the sole of the foot or the middle. The gait becomes shattered, with continuous load on the rear appears swollen feet. With further development of the disease pain becomes constant, worse when walking, the patient has difficulty even if not very long walk, it is difficult to find shoes. Further development of flatfoot is compounded by the addition of lower back pain, restricted mobility in the ankle and overall disability. Shoes make a patient only to order.
Signs cross flatfoot
When transverse flat
Cross-flat - a disease of obese women
transverse arch of the foot flattens, the forefoot is based on the head of all five metatarsal bones, reduces the length of the stop, I toe deviates outwards and the average deformation and acquires hammer shape, pain and callus leather soles, the tension of the extensor tendons of the fingers. It occurs mainly in flat cross women, thus, the greater the weight of the body, the more pronounced and flat.
The main method of treatment of flatfoot is physiotherapy. It strengthens the muscles ligaments, restores a correct statement of the feet, lower limbs and the whole body, improves metabolism.
In severe disease do exercises in the supine position, and then gradually increase the load on the lower limbs. Commonly used exercises such as walking barefoot, climbing rope, swimming, various outdoor games. In addition to the physiotherapist appointed courses of massage and physiotherapy.
For the treatment of flat feet and orthopedic techniques used: stelki- special insoles, orthopedic footwear
Orthopedic shoes - how to determine what is right for you?
. Sometimes even have to resort to surgery.
In flatfoot is one feature: the earlier start to treat him (or even better - to carry out prevention), the better the result.