Child dentistry: a pledge of future zdorovgo

June 19, 2011

 dental care of children
 To treat it is necessary not only permanent, but also milk teeth as premature removal of milk teeth Milk teeth - how they are formed?  Milk teeth - how they are formed?
   It may lead to the fact that gaps in place of extracted teeth can gradually decrease incorrectly will develop jaw bone, causing disturbed dentition.

 Child dentistry: a pledge of future zdorovgo

General principles of treatment of dental caries in children

Caries - a first loss of tooth mineral salts enamel (demineralization), and then destruction of dental hard tissues (enamel and dentine) to form a cavity. When complete destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth allows access into the cavity of the tooth and starts again inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth (pulp) and then the inflammation can not go a bundle that holds the tooth in the cell (periodontitis). It starts caries under the influence of enzymes of bacteria that collects on the surface of the crown. Caries of milk teeth occurs very rapidly and often affects several teeth.

Treatment of caries of deciduous teeth is different. And they must be treated, otherwise suffer permanent teeth, firstly, because the teeth will move if the carious tooth is removed and secondly, when deep caries Deep caries: the consequences of irresponsibility  Deep caries: the consequences of irresponsibility
   milk teeth can suffer permanent crowns. It may also be formed malocclusion Malocclusion: fix is ​​never too late  Malocclusion: fix is ​​never too late
   (between teeth), disrupting the formation of the facial skull, the work of the temporomandibular joint may develop an inflammation of periodontal tissues. Carious milk teeth - it is also a constant source of infection in the body of the child.

Much depends on the food: the child should eat less carbohydrate, get enough meat, fish, vegetables, fruits, cereals, dairy products. In the diet should always be present solid food for the strengthening of masticatory muscles.

Treatment of dental caries dairy depends on the stage of the process. If tooth decay is just beginning, on the crown of the tooth appears spot (step stain) of white or brown. Brown stains can not be treated, as they say, that stopped the development of caries. White spots - a sign of the rapid loss of enamel mineral salts. To restore the state of application to designate enamel tooth crown with calcium salts or fluoride and electrophoresis procedures with the same solution. Assign also calcium-fluoride toothpaste for regular oral care is treated carious spots fluoride varnish or fluoride gel. Appointed as a restorative treatment (vitamins and minerals, maximum stay in the open air). Just how effective the treatment, said reduction or complete disappearance of carious spots.

 Child dentistry: a pledge of future zdorovgo

Treatment of caries in the formation of cavities

If caries in the stage of spot stain can not be cured, it will move to the next stage with the formation of cavities. A superficial caries cavity formed within the tooth enamel. In this case, a cavity oshlifovyvaetsya and polished enamel surface. At the same time appointed general treatment (mineralization of the tooth restorative treatment).

With an average caries carious cavity extends beyond the enamel and dentin in deeper. In this case, the carious cavity is treated with boron to remove carious tissue. Today in pediatric dentistry Pediatric Dentistry: to teeth do not hurt  Pediatric Dentistry: to teeth do not hurt
   for the treatment of cavities is often used a special laser that processes the cavity is gently and painlessly. After that, the cavity is sealed. The treatment is usually carried out in a single session.

The next step - deep caries, in which completely destroyed the hard tissues and opens access to the dental pulp, rich in nerve endings and blood vessels. Often in a cavity becomes infected and begins the inflammatory process: first, pulpit, and then periodontitis.

With deep caries treatment more difficult. If there are no signs of pulpit, the first treatment is carried out and expansion of the cavity, and then a week impose a temporary filling. If during this time a tooth hurts, the temporary filling to constant change. If the tooth hurts, the first treat inflammation (pulpitis and periodontitis), and then seal up the tooth.

 Child dentistry: a pledge of future zdorovgo

Pulpitis treatment in children

Pulpitis treatment in children depends on the group membership of the teeth, and their stage of development of inflammation (acute or chronic).

Thus, a biological method of treatment used in the inadvertent disclosure of the tooth cavity and the sudden onset of an acute inflammatory process. This tooth cavity expanded by removing the decayed tissue, washed with antibacterial solutions and bandage with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs for a few days, changing it to the complete removal of signs of inflammation. When the acute pain is over, establish a permanent seal.

The method of non-vital pulp amputation is used in inflammatory processes in the pulp of milk teeth. Remove the crown of the tooth pulp inflammation mummified pulp and root canals. Then the tooth is sealed.

Method of high amputation of the pulp used in the treatment of chronic purulent inflammation of the immature single rooted permanent teeth. The pulp is removed and part of the crown of the tooth root of the tooth pulp. The pulp is retained in the apex and growing zone of the tooth, which allows the tooth to grow in the future.

Method vital extirpation of the pulp used in any pulp-formed teeth. Conduct a full removal of the pulp of the tooth crowns and roots.

There are other methods of treatment of pulpitis. Which method is applied for the treatment of a tooth in a child, tell the dentist.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • children's dentistry

Gum treatment: the main thing - Timeliness

May 22, 2011

  • Gum treatment: the main thing - Timeliness
  • Gingivitis

 gum treatment
 A necessary condition for effective treatment of gum is good oral hygiene Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair  Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair
 . Mouthwashes to prevent multiplication of harmful bacteria, so ask your dentist to recommend a suitable tool and explain how often to use it.

 Gum treatment: the main thing - Timeliness

The basic rules of oral hygiene

  • Brushing for two to three minutes twice a day (morning and bedtime).
  • If possible, use an electric toothbrush Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing  Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing
  • Use toothpaste Toothpastes - how to choose?  Toothpastes - how to choose?
 Containing fluorine in tap water if a low content of fluorine (fluoro - is a natural mineral that effectively protects teeth from decay, which gradually leads to development of gum disease)
  • Brush flossing at least three times a week.
  • Do not smoke.
  • See your dentist regularly (at least once every one to two years, if necessary - more)

 Gum treatment: the main thing - Timeliness


Antiseptic mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine hexetidine or sold without a prescription in many pharmacies. Debate about whether they are necessary for people with healthy gums, but they can be very useful in the treatment of various diseases of the gums.

Products containing chlorhexidine are not suitable for pregnant or lactating women. Also, with regular use, it can cause the appearance of brown stains on teeth. After brushing and before using an antiseptic mouth rinse, you need to carefully rinse your mouth with water, because some of the ingredients of toothpaste may disrupt the action of an antiseptic.

 Gum treatment: the main thing - Timeliness


Metronidazole or amoxicillin - is antibiotics, which are most often used to treat gum disease. Usually it is sufficient to take them for three days.

Amoxicillin is contraindicated in people who are allergic to penicillin. It can also disrupt the action of birth control pills, so during the course of treatment with amoxicillin, and for seven days after the end, women should use additional forms of contraception.

Metronidazole can be reacted with the alcohol, causing severe malaise in the patient. Therefore, while taking metronidazole and for 48 hours after treatment should refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages.

Metronidazole and amoxicillin may cause the following side effects:

  • Nausea and malaise
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

 Gum treatment: the main thing - Timeliness


Symptoms of gum disease is often recommended to shoot using paracetamol and ibuprofen. They are sold without a prescription, effectively reduce mild to moderate pain and discomfort, and are relatively safe. Meanwhile, however, they are not suitable for everybody, so read the instructions carefully before taking them.

Aspirin can also help deal with gum disease Gum disease - whether the body to cope without the help of a doctor?  Gum disease - whether the body to cope without the help of a doctor?
 But it should not be given to children under the age of 16 years.

 Gum treatment: the main thing - Timeliness

Prescription mouthwashes

For the treatment of some gum disease doctor may prescribe mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide. Funds with chlorhexidine-counter, are less effective.

Always read the instructions before using the mouthwash - some types must be diluted in water. Usually, they need to use two or three times per day.

 Gum treatment: the main thing - Timeliness

smoking cessation

Smoking is one of the factors associated with an increased risk of gum disease. If necessary, consult a specialist who can help you to quit.