- Restoration of teeth - which way is the safest?
If the tooth is destroyed, I have formed a "hole" with penetration into the tooth cavity, first treat inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth, impose temporary filling, and only then seal up, removing the pre-carious
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tissue. The seal is applied neat, layer by layer by repeating the shape and color of the natural tooth. The use of modern filling materials allows the seals, in which the treated tooth is no different from healthy. This is called the recovery or restoration of the tooth. What in the earlier stages of tooth decay began restoration of the tooth, the better the result.
Sometimes, after cutting carious tooth tissue it is that the crown of the tooth (tooth portion which is on the surface) is significantly destroyed. But this can help the tooth, sealing is carried out on the basis of the root of the pin: the root of the root set pin izgotavleniye of different materials (e.g., fiberglass, titanium, silver, and so on), which serves as a basis for further recovery of the tooth. Root pins strengthen teeth deprived of a large amount of hard tissues.
At the root of the pin can be further put an artificial crown or to increase the natural crown with a composite material, but recovered with the help of building composite tooth is fragile and does not withstand heavy loads.
In recent years, found widespread use surgical technique dental restoration using implantation, i.e. implanting an artificial (e.g., titanium) of the root in the jaw bone. The implants may have a different shape (for example cylindrical, in the form of a natural tooth, and so on), but they all have a porous coating to further bone tissue can grow into the pores and hold firmly implant in the jaw.
When such an implant take root in tissues, based on his dentist orthopedic prosthetic tooth is installed. Dental implants have many advantages compared to dentures
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: It can be carried out without pre-treatment of the adjacent teeth (that the prosthesis is necessary), you can set fixed restorations long-haul, even if no teeth at all, the introduction of the implant into the jaw bone can prevent a reduction in its size.
Dental implants recommended if missing one tooth, but neighboring teeth are healthy, if you have limited defects of four or more teeth, if there are defects in the teeth at the end of dentition if no teeth at all, in case of hypersensitivity to the material from which made dentures.
Implantation is contraindicated in violation of blood coagulation, various diseases of bone and nervous systems, cancer, immune disorders and bruxism (teeth grinding night). In order to exclude contraindications for surgery, the patient is required to fully examine.
Dentists orthopedists restore natural teeth using porcelain veneers and inlays.
Tabs (polukoronki) able to recover part of the tooth where it is impossible to put a seal (for example, destroyed much of the tooth). Tabs can be ceramic, composite, plastic, metal and so on, they can not entirely replace the tooth, replacing only a part and performing, in fact, the role of the seal made in the dental laboratory on the individual patient's dental casts. Tabs are well suited for restoring posterior teeth that have chewing surfaces, they are more reliable (have a higher strength and lower abrasion) than seals. Tabs drawback is their high cost due to expensive materials and manufacturing complexity.
Another method of restoring tooth orthopedic
Restoration of teeth: dental surgeon or dental therapist - who obraschatsya
establishing veneers thin plates that are glued to the front surface of the teeth. Veneers are ceramic or porcelain. To install veneers, should be removed from the tooth enamel layer thickness equal to the thickness of the veneer (about half a millimeter). Artificial disc should really adhere to the surface of the tooth, so their production is used to remove a layer of enamel on which are made in the dental laboratory veneer
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After which it is firmly adhered to the tooth.
Veneers are used to correct defects and restore front teeth, they can change the shape, color, achieve the effect of the correct position of the tooth. Veneers are set, if the teeth are partially changed color, Easterly, chipped or have a wrong position (eg, large gaps between the teeth).
Restoration of teeth in our time is not a problem, need only time to deal with them.