- Braces: Proper installation - a pledge of a beautiful smile
- The types and indications for use
What is performed orthodontic treatment
Orthodontic treatment - a correction of dentoalveolar anomalies, it is held not only that there was a beautiful smile, but mainly for the recovery of development of teeth and jaws, normalization of function of chewing and speech, as well as for the prevention of dental diseases.
When it is better to show the child the orthodontist? Experience shows that it should be done, starting from the age of three, when formed milk teeth bite.
Correct dentition system tried to recover for several centuries. For this purpose, a number of devices were invented. Currently, as a non-removable orthodontic appliances have been successfully used bracket system that allows fully normalize occlusion (right closing) dentition.
In English the bracket - this bracket, which is a product made with high accuracy. Special glue braces are attached to the teeth and ask them the necessary direction of movement. The effort to move the tooth bracket receives a wire attached to it. Wire arch itself is secured between molars jaw with a certain defined by the degree of tension. The impact wire is adjusted by changing the thicker cross section, the greater the force.
A set of brackets consists of 20 pieces, of which 10 are glued to the upper teeth, 10 - on the bottom. In molars attached special metal rings, which are called reference.
Types of braces
Braces can be:
- metal, including gold,
- plastic - quickly darken, staining from food,
- fluorescent (or "wild") - glow for some time;
- sapphire (artificial sapphires) - very beautiful, shine and shimmer in the mouth,
- transparent (invisible)
- lingual (mounted on the inside of the jaws and therefore invisible).
Indications for use of braces
The indications for the use of brackets are different malocclusion, incorrect position of individual teeth because of early removal of milk teeth
Milk teeth - how they are formed?
, The presence of supernumerary teeth, trauma. With the help of braces can be no inclination to straighten the direction of the tooth root, push tooth, turn it on the axis.
At what age is best to install
Braces can be set at any age, but the optimal age for early orthodontic treatment - 7-9 years, erupted when four upper permanent incisor and the first permanent molars (molars), whose roots Maturity 2/3 length (to cut a tooth sufficient length of the crown and it is possible to fix the bracket). If you install the brackets at an earlier age, there is a risk of violations of the integrity of the enamel because of its lack of mineralization in this age.
A prerequisite for installation bracket system is a healthy tooth enamel
The enamel of the teeth: protection, this Nature
and compliance with all rules of personal oral hygiene
Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair
Examination before installation
Before orthodontic treatment carried out a comprehensive study of dental system, which includes X-rays, making photos of faces and analysis, the study of the shape and size of teeth, dentition, size and position of the jaws, the temporomandibular joints and periodontal teeth.
How are braces
All the braces except lingual, fastened to the outer side of the teeth using a special material directly into the patient's mouth. Before you do this, the tooth surface is cleaned with a special paste, glue is applied to it, and on the pillow (base) orthodontic bracket applied to the material, to get a napkin
Feminine pads - talk about wings
between teeth and braces, and then it is attached to the tooth. Next to the castle is set first arc - the weakest. Then comes a succession of arcs in the process - from mild to more severe. Very hard - steel or titanium-molybdenum - are established in the latter stages.
For how long are installed braces
For children 7-9 years old and adults each newly installed arc running about three months, the average duration of treatment is one and a half years.
In an earlier age duration of treatment with braces should not exceed 3-6 months due to the risk of enamel demineralization. The advantages of using fixed orthodontic appliances in the early treatment:
- faster moving teeth in the right direction;
- Use of permanent weak forces when moving the teeth.
After installing the brackets
Often after installation braces the patient feels uncomfortable: it is disturbed, it increased salivation. This is a normal reaction of the body, which disappears within 7-10 days.
Braces - a great invention of our days, will help to correct many irregularities of the structure of dental system.