Lipid-lowering diet - prevention of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases
September 29, 2014
Lipid-lowering diet on the one hand is used as a diet for weight loss, but on the other - as a therapeutic diet for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The degree of strictness of the diet may also be different for healthy people and patients with atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis - a chronic disease of the arteries
What is the meaning of lipid-lowering diet
Hyperlipidemia - is elevated blood lipids or lipoproteins (mainly triglycerides and cholesterol) in the blood. Hyperlipidemia poses a threat to the development of cardiovascular disease due to the significant influence of cholesterol on atherosclerosis.
Cholesterol - a biologically active substance from the group of sterols, participate actively in the metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
. Cholesterol is also a source of education in the human bile acid, corticosteroids and sex hormones and vitamin D3 (calciferol). At the same time the cholesterol has negative characteristics, so that it is withdrawn a major role in the development of atherosclerosis.
The liquid portion of whole human blood cholesterol is composed of protein and fat (lipoprotein) complex, which is carried by its transfer into the cells of various tissues. In the adult bulk of cholesterol is composed of complexes of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and only about a fifth of - composed lipotoroteidov high density lipoproteins (HDL).
LDL are responsible for the development of atherosclerosis (atheromatous plaque deposits on blood vessel walls), and on this background the development of cardiovascular diseases. A HDL have protivoateroskleroticheskim action as promote transfer of cholesterol to the liver for catabolism (disintegration).
In the development of atherosclerosis negative role only animal fats (Source LDL), rich in saturated fatty acids, as well as simple carbohydrate (candy, pastries).
On the other hand, vegetable fats (HDL source) must be present in the human diet as a source of "useful" cholesterol and prevention of atherosclerosis. HDL also contains fish oil
Fish oil - so whether it is useful to think?
, So in the lipid-lowering diet include fatty marine fish.
The standard lipid-lowering diet
Diet to reduce blood levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in the prevention or treatment of cardiovascular diseases is a significant reduction in the use of animal fats (they contain cholesterol) and carbohydrate. If the patient, moreover, there is overweight, reduced total caloric daily diet.
Lipid-lowering diet includes the following products, which must be present every day in unlimited quantities: vegetables, fruit, berries, vegetable oil, sea fish, including fat (cod, hake, saffron cod, ice, haddock, sprat, halibut, herring, tuna , sardines), seaweed, oatmeal on the water, drink plenty of liquids (mineral water of low mineralization, fruit juice and fruit drink without sugar). One of the main requirements is a frequent smaller meals (at least 5-6 times a day in small portions) and the refusal of the meal after 7pm. For dinner, it is recommended to eat only fruits and vegetables - it helps cleanse the intestines
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and the removal of excess cholesterol.
Products that can be used, but in limited quantities (lipid-lowering diet recommends taking them twice a week): white chicken, lean beef (boiled, steamed), secondary broth of lean beef or chicken (the first broth drained meat again filled with water and boiled), freshwater fish (boiled or steamed), stale bread or crackers made of flour, meal, buckwheat porridge on the water without butter, boiled potatoes (pre-cleaned soaked in water for an hour), mushrooms (cooked and fried vegetable oil), nuts, ketchup, mustard, soy sauce, tkemali, adjika, vinegar, spices, herbs, weak tea without sugar, alcohol (vodka, brandy, whiskey, dry wine).
Menu lipid-lowering diet should include the following products: milk and milk products (including porridge with milk), eggs, mayonnaise, animal fats, margarine, coconut and palm oil, pork, lamb, bacon and smoked meat and sausages, fatty and concentrated meat, fish and mushroom broth, offal (liver, kidney, brains), legs and skin birds, sturgeon, caviar and liver of fish, white bread and biscuits from it, bread, pasta, sweets, cocoa, chocolate, organic coffee , sodas, beer, sweet fortified wines, liqueurs.
Reviews of lipid-lowering diet
Lipid-lowering diet - it's basically a diet and medical doctor appointed by it.
The degree of constraints depends on the patient's condition. Experts have long appreciated this diet, and it is prescribed for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, including coronary heart disease. Weight loss which occurs with this diet also contributes to the prevention of arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases.
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- Protein diet
Fast diet designed to quickly drop weight. Sometimes, when an urgent need to lose a few extra kilos, such diets are needed. But applying an extreme diet, it should be remembered that the weight after she recovers quickly, if you do not adhere to certain rules after it.
A couple of quick short-term diets
Jockey diet for those who urgently need to lose 2 - 3 kg. Within three days it is necessary to use only permitted food diet, but it is not easy:
- 1 day - boiled small whole chicken, divided by the number of meals;
- Day 2 - 300 g lean beef boiled divided by the number of meals;
- Day 3 - 3 cups of black coffee.
The water can be drunk in unlimited quantities. But most importantly, after coming out of this diet do not need to go for a meal and eat everything. Only healthy food will help to maintain the achieved effect. This is lean meat, fish, cheese, dairy products, cereals (except semolina), wholemeal bread, vegetables and fruit. You will need to severely restrict fatty meats, fried foods, sweets and baking.
Variegated diet lasts a week. It is good in that an alternating load carbohydrate and protein that stimulates metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
- 1 day - half a kilo of vegetables in fresh, boiled or stewed;
- Day 2 - 100 grams of cooked lean meat;
- Day 3 - 6 hard-boiled eggs;
- Day 4 - 400 g of cooked lean beef;
- Day 5 - 400 g cooked fish;
- Day 6 - 1 kg of fruit (except bananas and grapes);
- Day 7 - 1 kg of fruit.
Water to drink during this diet can be unlimited. Out of colorful diet the same as that of the jockey. If strict compliance with colorful diet you can lose up to 5 kg of body weight.
Mayo Clinic Diet
This is a nice seven-day diet, in which does not have too much to suffer from hunger, as it is based on a product that can be eaten without restriction. On the contrary, the authors of this diet say that the more you eat it, the more will grow thin. This fat-burning soup, which is prepared as follows:
- 6 medium onions, 6 fresh or canned tomatoes, a small head of cabbage, 2 green sweet peppers, a bunch of celery chopped, add water, add 2 cubes of vegetable broth if needed - salt and pepper to taste; bring to a boil and simmer until the vegetables are cooked; soup to cool, rub through a sieve, bring to a boil again and there during the day, at any time, whenever you want to eat.
Besides the soup of the diet includes other foods. It is impossible during the diet drink alcohol (any kind), sodas, fried and fatty food. Authors diet believe that to achieve the desired effect, you need to strictly adhere to their recommendations developed for each day, as well as general rules:
- must be weighed every morning;
- use fat-burning soup as soon as the feeling of hunger (hunger to feel bad!);
- Oil can be consumed only once during the entire diet - baked potatoes;
- meat should be removed from all fat, including skin a chicken.
Daily dietary recommendations:
- 1 day - fat burning soup and fruits (except bananas), unsweetened tea and coffee without milk, a lot of water;
- Day 2 - fat burning soup and vegetables in any way in unlimited amounts (fruit is not to); drink the same; at lunch you can eat a baked potato with a high vegetable oil;
- 3 day - fat burning soup, fruits and vegetables (except potatoes); Drink - the same;
- Day 4 - fat-burning soup, fruits (including bananas
Bananas: the benefits and harms health
But no more than three units per day) and vegetables, may be - skimmed milk; soup, vegetables and fruits (except bananas) can be consumed in unlimited quantities; Drink - the same;
- Day 5 - fat burning soup, boiled lean beef (800 g), tomatoes (in any amount); Drink - the same;
- Day 6 - fat-burning soup, boiled lean beef (as you want) and vegetables, better green (well, as you wish, but not potatoes); Drink - the same;
- Day 7 - fat-burning soup, brown (unpolished) rice, fresh fruit juice, vegetables; Drink - the same thing.
By the end of the week you can lose 4 to 8 kg body weight. Out of this diet it is also very important, otherwise all that clear (and possibly more) will come back very quickly. Healthy food - the most suitable diet, which is recommended to adhere permanently.
Any quick diets may be applied only if the person is healthy. If he is suffering from a chronic disease, such diets will not go in his favor, as the break metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
, Reduce the immune
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
and cause frequent exacerbations of the underlying disease. Therefore it is best before starting a diet to consult a physician.