Experts almost unanimously that the food has a minimal impact on the development of colitis. At the same time, diet plays an important role in reducing the impact on the body of colitis, as well as in the treatment and prevention of attacks of the disease.
Insoluble fiber is harmful if colitis
The sources of insoluble fiber are whole grains (including wholemeal bread, various flakes of cereals, pasta, etc.), cauliflower, sweet corn, some fruit peels, for example, apples and grapes.
Insoluble fiber passes through the gastrointestinal tract substantially unprocessed - and tends to adhere to the walls of the colon when it becomes inflamed. This causes additional irritation and aggravation of the symptoms of colitis.
Soluble fiber - useful
Soluble fiber is broken down in the intestine, softens stools and improves intestinal motility. It is found in various fruits and vegetables - apples, pears, potatoes and carrots (except skin - it should be removed), oatmeal, white rice.
Since fish oil
Fish oil - so whether it is useful to think?
has a beneficial effect on patients with colitis, their diet should include oily fish. If possible, it is recommended to receive fish oil only from food - so it is absorbed better than when taking the capsules.
Number of dairy foods in the diet in colitis should be restricted. When excess consumption of inflammation in the rectum may increase. As a rule, it is advisable to use not more than 100 g of any dairy products per day.
In exacerbations of colitis it is recommended to refrain from the use of the following products: cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, corn, mushrooms, onions, tomatoes, soy, cheese, cream, whole.
Here are just general advice on diet for ulcerative colitis. However, each patient is disease is different, and in some cases all of these tips may not be applicable. Therefore, ideally, a diet for a patient with colitis
Colitis - the danger of colon
I must be a doctor. For its part, the patient must keep an eye on how diet affects him and, if necessary, consult with your doctor and make certain changes to the meal plan.
Basic principles of diet for colitis
Diet for chronic colitis is constructed depending on what symptoms are dominated by: diarrhea, constipation, bloating, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
and so on. Diet depends on the stage of the disease. Today, nutritional therapy in chronic colitis developed diet №№ 2, 3, 4, 4A, 4B and 4C. At different stages of the disease are subject to different diets. They are appointed as a standalone treatment or in combination with other treatments.
- Diet № 2 - in mild exacerbation of chronic colitis
Diet №2 assigned when expressed mild exacerbations of chronic colitis. It is intended for the recovery of motor and secretory function of the gut and reduce the fermentation processes in the gut. It is physiologically complete diet with restriction of crude fiber (wholemeal bread, raw vegetables, beans), fresh milk, spicy dishes, snacks and spices. The energy value of the daily diet with this diet - 3,000 calories. Power 5-6 times per day.
You may use the wide range of dishes and products. The food is prepared in powdered form, when frying is not allowed the formation of a rough peel (fried without breading).
- Diet number 3 - in chronic colitis, accompanied by constipation
Constipation - Watch out for food
Indications for this diet are chronic bowel disease, accompanied gipomotornoy dyskinesia (decreased motor activity of the intestine), and persistent constipation. At day set of products contains a sufficient amount of protein and carbohydrates and a few large amount of fat by vegetable oils. The energy value of the daily diet - 3000-3500 kcal. In this diet it recommended greater use of dairy products, vegetables - beets, fresh carrots, tomatoes. Bread - rye or wheat wholemeal. More active work of the intestine promotes introduction of the diet of dried prunes, apricots, figs, dates, which are capable of swelling in the intestinal lumen and stimulate its movement. Power 5-6 times per day.
- Diets №№ 4 and 4A - in chronic colitis, accompanied by diarrhea and fermentation processes in the gut
The indication for a diet number 4 are chronic bowel disease in the period of pronounced diarrhea. Purpose diet number 4 - maximum mechanical and chemical shchazhenie bowel, reducing fermentation processes in the gut. The diet is characterized by restriction of carbohydrates and fats, except from the diet of unleavened milk, fiber, spices, pickles, smoked meats. Energy value of the diet - 2000 kcal. Power 5-6 times per day.
Diet 4A number is indicated for chronic colitis with a predominance of fermentation processes in the intestine. As compared with a diet number 4 in it largely limited carbohydrate and protein foods. Power 5-6 times per day.
- Diet number 4B - chronic colitis in the acute stage
This diet is recommended for exacerbation of chronic colitis and colitis combined with other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Diet is assigned to ensure the nutrition in conditions of moderate inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. Energy value of the diet - 2800-3600 kcal. All dishes are boiled or steamed, then wiped off. Soups pureed or finely chopped vegetables and well boiled barley. Separate dishes allowed in baked form, but without the rough crust. Power 5-6 times per day.
Diet for chronic colitis should be an individual associated with the main features of the disease.