Nutrition for Type II diabetes in adults: rules of supply
July 28, 2011
Diabetes Type II diabetes in most cases occurs in middle-aged people, and therefore rarely isolated, combined with atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis - a chronic disease of the arteries
or hypertension, so the diet at such patients should be directed not only to alleviate the symptoms of diabetes, but also heals the body as a whole, taking into account all associated diseases.
- Fractional power, the distribution of the total amount of food for five - six times per day that prevents sudden fluctuations in blood glucose levels.
- Eat more foods high in fiber - this leads to a feeling of satiety at a lower caloric intake, as well as cleans the intestines, which is important for older people, when there is a tendency to constipation.
- Starchy foods is better not to grind to slow the absorption of carbohydrates. For example, it is better to cook baked potatoes than mashed potatoes.
- The sugar in its pure form is best not to drink, and sweets have as little as possible, replacing them with healthy fruits, dried fruits and berries.
- Alcohol is prohibited.
Nutrition diabetes, combined with an increase in cholesterol, atherosclerosis
Fully allowed to eat the following foods: mushrooms, vegetables, fruits, herbs, lettuce, low-fat fish, bread made from whole grains, wholemeal, cereals, legumes, pasta (durum wheat), olives, soy products.
Recommended limit: vegetable oils, soft margarine, milk and milk products up to 2, 5% fat, low-fat cottage cheese, low-fat cheese, lean meat (beef, veal, lamb, poultry without the skin), seafood.
Not recommended for products that contain a lot of saturated fats: red and black caviar, burgers, chips, pizza, cakes, pies, pastries, chocolate and ice cream, pork meat products, sausages, frankfurters, sausages, bacon, sausage, bacon, fatty milk and dairy foods, fatty cheese and cheese, pork, lamb and beef fat, cream, hard margarine, butter, egg yolks.
Products which are not recommended permitted in food in small amounts, one - two times a week.
Dining with diabetes mellitus, combines with hypertension
With the combination of diabetes with hypertension is also recommended to limit the use of salt to five grams a day, which corresponds to a teaspoon without top. In severe hypertension briefly recommended salt-free diet followed giposolevoy diet.
In practice, this is done using a simple method dosalivaniya the plate, in which all the food is prepared without salt and add salt in the dishes individually. With this method a person uses significantly three times less salt than usual.
Gradually changing habits and taste the salt can be replaced with spices, herbs and use of sour grapes. Well proven lite salt - sea salt is ground and mixed in a ratio of 1: 10 with a mixture of dried herbs and that it is used for dosalivaniya food on the plate.
Prohibited products include meats, sausages, pickles, pickles, preserves, sauces, chips, ketchup, soups in bags, bouillon cubes.
Compliance with the principles of good nutrition
Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food
in diabetes and other related diseases, reduces the level of glucose
Glucose: The energy source
in blood, thereby minimizing the risk of complications such as myocardial infarction, stroke
Stroke - a serious brain injury
, Retinopathy, angiopathy and coronary heart disease.
How does the Japanese diet: weight loss secrets
April 11, 2012
Can I eat anything, and yet stay slim? For the answer to this question should refer to the Japanese women - inhabitants of the rising sun does not have to follow strict diet in order to keep slim and fit figure. The secret lies in the harmony of Japanese women diet: it is due to the specificity of the Japanese diet
The Japanese diet - not too much salt?
Japanese women for the most part are not familiar with this concept as overweight.
What is the secret of the Japanese diet?
The Japanese diet is based on foods with a very low fat, rich in carbohydrates and proteins. In addition, the food culture in Japan for centuries assumed a slow, "thoughtful" eating small portions of food, because the Japanese cuisine - is not only a bouquet of delicate flavors, but also a special art decoration of dishes, which in itself requires the use of food without haste.
With all these subtleties of the Japanese consume a quarter less calories a day
How many calories a day you need to lose weight - everyone has their own rate
compared with the inhabitants of Europe or America, but fewer calories does not cause hunger, familiar to women, who are trying to lose weight cut back the number of calories daily, sitting on a strict diet.
The fact is that the Japanese diet is not characterized by all those high-calorie, but not too nutritious meals, which are accustomed to Europeans and Americans - pastries, sodas, greasy fried food in the traditional diet of the Japanese substitute for fish, fruit, vegetables and soups allowing as quickly feel satiety, but much less calorie. Perhaps the founders of Japanese culinary traditions managed to find the delicate balance of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, which is the key to proper weight loss and maintenance of weight is normal.
Rice and fish "miracle ingredients" of the Japanese diet
Even small amounts of food, the alleged Japanese diet, will help you quickly feel satiety and keep it for a longer period. The secret of such a rapid saturation - rice, which can rightfully be called "magic" component of the Japanese diet. Rice is served with each dish - for lunch, dinner and even breakfast. Small cups of rice are rather to "cleanse" the mouth: the use of cooked rice between the main meals helps to "drown out" the taste of the previous courses to fully enjoy the taste of the next. Rice in Japan is prepared without any seasoning, "clean", with a little salt. Rice, with a very low fat and plenty of complex carbohydrates, "scores" the stomach and allows for longer without feeling unpleasant sensation of hunger - it is not surprising that, according to statistics, the Japanese consume six times more rice than Europeans and Americans.
The second major component of the Japanese diet - fish and seafood, which in Japanese cuisine with successfully replace the beef, veal, poultry. For many reasons, this "miracle ingredient" Japanese diet even more useful than usual for our meat: it is in fish in large quantities contains omega-3, strengthen the health of the cardiovascular system and prevent many different diseases. Fish - the main source of beneficial unsaturated fats, which, according to the canons of proper nutrition
Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food
In the diet should be smaller percentage than the proteins and carbohydrates. But red meat, so beloved inhabitants of Europe and America, it is a source of saturated fat, which, when used in large amounts increases blood cholesterol, and ultimately lead to heart disease and obesity. The combination of rice and fish - traditional Japanese sushi and rolls - can be considered almost perfect meal in terms of nutritional value, taste and nutritional advantages.
Soy: an important source of protein
In terms of the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates Japanese diet - one of the most balanced. Rice - a source of carbohydrates, the fish - a source of fat, and the "supplier" of a useful protein needed for normal operation of all body systems, serve soy products. These include, in particular, tofu and famous Japanese miso soup. In general, soy products - the third most important category of products of the Japanese diet: soy products in Japan are preparing a variety of dishes, from soups to salads and sauces.