The man in the modern world consumes a large amount of fat, which lead to a change in the spectrum of biochemical blood. First of all there is an increase cholesterol levels, which negatively affects the state of health, a risk factor for numerous diseases. Cholesterol diet is aimed at improving the body as a whole, it must be tailored to the individual characteristics of each person.
The basic rules of diet
Diet is aimed at removing excess cholesterol from the body, so some experts call it anti-cholesterol diet
Anti-cholesterol diet - to whom it should be observed?
. Sticking to a diet a person can effortlessly as during it do not need to pace yourself to death. The basic rule is to reduce or eliminate from the diet vysokozhirnyh products.
Hypolipidemic diet is used mainly in vegetables, fruits and berries. The ban on the use of meat or fish there, but these products should be low-fat varieties. Preference is given to chicken meat or turkey meat. This rule applies to cheese, milk, yogurt, they must also be free of grease. The main suppliers of saturated fats that are harmful to the body, are lard, butter, margarine, so they should be excluded from the diet.
Bezholesterinovaya diet should be prepared individually, so you should consult a specialist before it start.
It is recommended to stick to the diet for one week, then you can make a short break and then resume. Menu for the week with the cholesterol diet is made based on the principles of dietary dietitian, considering the calorie daily diet.
What should be the menu during a diet
Recipes bezholesterinovoy diets consist mainly of plant foods. Animal fats should be in the diet in a limited amount. It is useful to use more vegetable fats, which are represented by different oils:
- linseed oil
- cottonseed oil
- corn oil
Corn oil: the good and the harm to human
- sunflower oil
The positive impact of vegetable oil on cholesterol levels is due to a choleretic effect. Because of this cholesterol, bile acids are excreted in the bile. Simultaneously, increased peristalsis of the digestive tract, which contributes to the fact that the cholesterol from the body will be displayed with feces. The vegetable oils contain unsaturated fatty acids, which are come into engagement with the cholesterol and is converted to a soluble form. All these factors provide a reduction in cholesterol levels.
It is easy to turn into cholesterol digestible carbohydrates, so protivoholesterinovaya diet is reduced to limit them in the diet. These carbohydrates include honey, jam, sugar and others. Useful are complex carbohydrates that are contained in a large amount in vegetables, fruits savory. Slows down the absorption of cholesterol pectin, increased peristalsis of the digestive tract contributes fiber, so it is recommended during the diet to eat vegetables and fruits.
Receipt of proteins can not be limited, with the main share of the proteins must occur in proteins of animal origin. These valuable proteins rich in essential amino acids, such as methionine. Proved the existence of lipotropic effect of methionine, therefore, low-cholesterol diet dolzhnaa be enriched protein products. During the diet should eat cheese, egg whites, fish, low-fat varieties.
Guidelines to be followed
By hypolipidemic diet often resorted people who have obesity. Because metabolic disorders, metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
they observed a violation of lipid profile by increasing the level of cholesterol and atherogenic index. In this case, it is important to adhere to the basic principles of diet and strictly follow the recommendations of experts.
Table hypolipidemic diet products that can be consumed in their daily diet, takes into account the amount of food, so the portion is calculated on a time in grams.
It is recommended to completely eliminate from the diet of pickles, pickles, condiments, canned foods. These products have a stimulating effect, enhance appetite, so their use should be avoided.
People who are prone to obesity, can not eat fresh pastries, sweets, white bread. Bread is better to eat bran or rye, can replace it with crackers. From the product of pastry (pies, cakes, cookies and other baked goods) and should be abandoned. Useful properties have sea food, so they should be present in the diet during the diet. Seaweed, shrimp, mussels
Mussels: the benefits and harms of seafood
and other seafood can be prepared a variety of dishes, including salads.
The seafood has a useful trace elements, which have a positive effect on the metabolism and cholesterol. Lipotropic effect have manganese, iodine, cobalt. The maximum number of these trace elements contained in sea food dishes that determines the need for their use. Useful ions of manganese, cobalt, iodine and accelerate the enzymatic reactions that are involved in the breakdown of cholesterol. Instead of coffee or tea is recommended to drink the juice from fruits or berries. Berries can be used fresh or dried, are boiled fruit drinks, jelly.
Properly organized diet contributes to what is going improvement in lipid profile and cholesterol. You also need to change their lifestyle, to engage in physical activities that will contribute to health benefits.