Loin pain in many pregnant women, but the reasons are different. Discomfort may be related to physiological changes in the body and increased load on the spine. Sometimes pain - a symptom of a pathology. If lower back pain during pregnancy, in some cases, be sufficient non-drug measures, and others - will need to prescribing.
Because of what can hurt the waist
Usually back pain appear in the second half of pregnancy. Belly women increases significantly in size, and therefore shifts the center of gravity. Pregnant have to bend over the back in the lumbar region. As the weight increases rapidly, increasing the load on the spine.
The woman's body is produced by the ovaries and placenta, a special hormone called relaxin. Under the influence of this substance during pregnancy there is a relaxation of ligaments symphysis pubis. Due to this breech ring expands, and this contributes to the normal course of delivery.
To give the appearance of pain for a long distance, sedentary work in an uncomfortable position, and wearing high heels. Weakness of the muscles that can not cope with the increased load on the spine, also causes discomfort in the lower back.
In some women, the pain in the lumbar region - a sign of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and internal organs. The appearance of this symptom may be associated with spinal osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis - Causes and symptoms
, Intervertebral hernia, scoliosis, or other disorders.
Lumbar degenerative disc disease and pregnancy
Osteochondrosis - a disease of degenerative intervertebral discs, degenerative nature, in which the elasticity is reduced and they are flattened and can burst. The roots of the spinal nerves are compressed disc changes.
Most low back pain
Osteochondrosis - learn how to properly distribute the weight
It goes unnoticed, and it sees the first signs of a woman during pregnancy only. This pathology is accompanied by:
- Lumbodynia - aching in the lower back;
- Lumbago - intense pain, sudden lumbago, difficult movements that cause;
- Lumbar ischialgia - the spread of pain in the groin and thigh.
Pain leads to the fact that the pregnant woman constantly feels irritation and weakness. It violated the sensitivity of the skin of feet.
How to reduce back pain
When back pain that are caused by disorders of the musculoskeletal system, it is recommended to wear a bandage. The latter supports the stomach and reduces the load on the spine. Wearing a brace is particularly necessary if women have to walk or stand for a long time during the day.
Your doctor may prescribe a course of massage, which will focus on muscle relaxation. When an attack of acute pain exercise should be strictly limited. When the pain disappear, on the recommendation of a specialist can practice physiotherapy. It is aimed at strengthening the muscles of the back and abdominal muscles, increase flexibility of muscles and ligaments. Especially useful for swimming and water aerobics
Water aerobics: Lose Weight with pleasure
Shoes should be comfortable and have sustained a small heel. Sometimes you need special shoes that you can choose using the podiatrist.
During pregnancy diet should include foods that contain calcium in large quantities (cottage cheese, yogurt, low-fat cheese, meat, greens). It is important that the food was balanced.
When pregnancy is contraindicated for many drugs, so the use of drugs is limited. As a physician, you can use some ointments, creams and gels for topical application, which helps reduce the pain. These funds belong to the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). For example, pregnant women are allowed ibuprofen and diclofenac sodium. But they can be used only in the first and second trimesters.
Most NSAIDs are contraindicated for pregnant women in the third trimester. Such drugs slow the production of prostaglandins - specific active substances which are involved in many important processes in the body. They also affect the tone of the uterus.
Pain in the lower back in the pathology of internal organs
Pain may occur in connection with pyelonephritis, urolithiasis, or pancreatitis. When pyelonephritis (an inflammatory kidney disease) women worry nagging nagging back pain. If renal colic occurs (a state in which the stone is moved into the ureter of renal pelvis) appear sharp cramping. They can weaken, if you put the heat to the back. When colic pain sometimes extends toward the groin along the ureter. The body temperature often rises. Urine becomes cloudy, and it can be seen admixture of blood.
In order to confirm the diagnosis will require ultrasound, blood and urine tests. When pyelonephritis prescribe antibiotics, and renal colic - antispasmodics and anesthetics. If the stone is small, it will own. In cases where the stone has a high resolution and closes the lumen of the ureter, may require surgery.
If pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) appear sharp pain in the epigastric region, hypochondria and back pain, and often they girdle. Pain is often accompanied by violation of the chair and vomiting. During pregnancy, the disease is rare.
For the diagnosis of pancreatitis conduct laboratory analyzes of blood and urine tests, and instrumental tests (eg, ultrasound of the abdomen). Doctor prescribes a strict diet, drugs that normalize the pancreas
Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know
And analgesics and anti-inflammatories.
When back pain during pregnancy is necessary to consult with your doctor. Only a specialist can find out the exact cause of the discomfort, give advice on lifestyle changes and prescribe treatment if necessary.