Cystitis in pregnancy: a common phenomenon

July 26, 2011

 Cystitis in pregnancy
 According to statistics, cystitis during pregnancy suffer from ten to fifty percent of women. This is due to many factors. Firstly, women are more likely to suffer male urogenital infections due to physiological characteristics (they have a short and wide urethra, which causes easy penetration of infection). Secondly, pregnant women reduced immunity, it is necessary to prevent rejection of the fetus as a foreign body in the body of the future mother. And, thirdly, it takes place during pregnancy hormonal changes the body. All these factors contribute to urinary tract infection and, in particular, the development of cystitis.

 Cystitis in pregnancy: a common phenomenon

What is cystitis and its causes

Cystitis - an infectious disease that affects the mucous membrane of the urinary bladder. The causes of cystitis are opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms, such as:

  • streptococci;
  • staphylococci;
  • Escherichia coli;
  • chlamydia;
  • Ureaplasma;
  • Trichomonas and others.

 Cystitis in pregnancy: a common phenomenon

The clinical picture of cystitis

Symptoms of cystitis should be distinguished from the clinic urethritis (inflammation of the urethra). When cystitis there are complaints of frequent, painful urination, with those cramps occur at the end of bladder emptying. In addition, if there is a symptom of cystitis, as false urge to urinate (the patient feels a strong urge to urinate, but the urine is released little or no urine). False urgency and frequent urination (up to forty times a day and more) is reflected on the image of a woman's life, she can not leave the house even for a short period of time, because the acute attack is possible at any time. Also, acute cystitis Acute cystitis Cystitis: urgently take action  Cystitis: urgently take action
 Bring to treat responsibly  Acute cystitis: Treat treated responsibly
   proceeds with a fever, sometimes very significant and abdominal pain Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?  Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
 . But it is necessary to distinguish cystitis by frequent urination, which occurs in pregnancy is normal (the pregnant uterus presses on the bladder, thus irritating it). Chronic cystitis affects women who have had the disease before pregnancy. In chronic cystitis symptoms are less pronounced. A characteristic feature of cystitis is a change in appearance of urine, it is cloudy, sometimes mixed with blood and pus.

Urethritis is characterized by painful urination and a burning sensation or a sharp pain when emptying the bladder. The frequency of urination normal.

In the case of cystitis, you must immediately seek medical attention. In no way is not permitted self, which exacerbates the symptoms of the disease and may result in such complications as pyelonephritis (infection, especially at standstill of urine along the ureter penetrates the kidneys). Treatment of pyelonephritis longer and more complex, and is carried out in a hospital.

Cystitis can lead to premature birth or low birth weight.

 Cystitis in pregnancy: a common phenomenon

Treatment and diagnosis of cystitis during pregnancy

Primarily for the diagnosis of the disease is collecting complaints, which are very typical in cystitis. Then appointed urinalysis and urine analysis of Nechiporenko. In urinalysis determined the bacteria, which were the cause of the disease, a large number of white blood cells, hyaluronic cylinders and protein. Sometimes defined by red blood cells. After urine tests conducted its crop to determine the sensitivity of microbes to antibiotics. Equally important is the ultrasound of the genitourinary system, eliminates urolithiasis and the presence of a tumor. In difficult cases, appointed by cystoscopy and cystography.

In the treatment of cystitis in pregnant women in the diet should be restricted to acute and salty foods, but is shown to increase the amount of fluid intake. It is better to use cranberry and cranberry fruit drinks that are rich in vitamin C. Pregnant contraindicated antibiotics tetracycline and sulfonamide series (effects on the fetus). Allowed appointment Nitroxoline and Phytolysinum. An effective treatment for cystitis during pregnancy Treatment of cystitis during pregnancy - careful treatment  Treatment of cystitis during pregnancy - careful treatment
   is a diagram of the bladder instillation. The essence of this method lies in the management of drugs directly into the bladder. Usually after by one to two treatments, patients report significant improvement. Bladder irrigation is absolutely safe for the fetus, the entire course of treatment is five procedures.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • cystitis

The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

December 30, 2010

 When pregnancy occurs, many future moms, especially, of course, those who are first going to be such, concerned various issues. How will change their lives while waiting for the baby, which is normal, and that should be alerted? Questions are many, but they are not to be disturbed, you need to calm attitude and not make problems because experts on all of these questions and know the answers are always ready to discover them, calming or warning.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Changes in eating habits

All the women heard that during pregnancy tend to change eating habits. Sometimes there is a keen desire sweet or salty, one wants strawberries, other sauerkraut - all very individually. But sometimes the desire for something special, or does not occur, or takes too long. And it worried because it seems abnormal.

Mostly women do change their dietary habits, showing a passion for some products, but not all, and it concerns only the first trimester because of the active hormonal changes in the body. Typically, the fourth month of the situation becomes the same, and all the passion of a particular food subside. If it does not, and craving persists, consult a doctor because it may be associated with the problems of the fetus.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Alcohol consumption

During pregnancy, the small parties, such as family birthdays, which is sometimes a woman drinks a glass of alcohol. And once it does, there are fears: Do not hurt this kid?

One glass of light alcohol occasionally does not have a significant impact on the child, but it should remain an exception to the rule, not the norm. Anything that consumes mother and the child receives, therefore, such exemptions can not be done often, because in general, the alcohol to the baby, of course, dangerous. There is a risk of premature birth, abnormalities of development, miscarriage Miscarriage - can you protect yourself from it?  Miscarriage - can you protect yourself from it?
   in the early stages, light weight.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Breast Changes

Some women, when they notice a strong change in the breast begin to get nervous. How fine addition to the size, increasing the diameter of the halo around the nipple, breast tenderness. In fact, no need to worry not, because all of these transformations completely within the norm.

Hormonal changes during the breast grows, halo, even with light skin, and becomes larger in diameter, and its tone darkens. Each woman these changes occur in different ways. Some breast after delivery returns to its original size, while others remain the same shape.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Dissection of the perineum (episiotomy)

Should I be afraid of an episiotomy? Painful and dangerous if this procedure? These questions concern of many women, especially those whose physical data, for example, narrow pelvis, sometimes necessitate incision of the perineum during childbirth.

Afraid this is not necessary, because the procedure is performed by specialists and resort to it only when absolutely necessary. Pain does not make it special, and usually women do not feel the incision painful than the fight that much more pronounced. After dissection seams heal within about two weeks.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Digestive problems

Also nausea, which is almost always accompanied by pregnant women, there are other problems associated with the gastrointestinal tract. These include constipation, gas, heartburn, gastric hyperacidity. All this is an aberration and more normal. For someone having one problem, someone different, but one way or another, the majority of women during childbearing, such deviations are familiar.

To get rid of these troubles in the first place, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist, who will appoint for each case their therapy. In general, the cost to correct the diet by eating plenty of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, bran bread, as well as to engage in moderate physical activity - swimming, walking.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Frequent urination

Such a problem as frequent urination is quite common among pregnant women. That's okay, because due to physiologically. The longer the pregnancy, the greater the weight of the child, which puts pressure on the bladder Urinary bladder - structure and function  Urinary bladder - structure and function
 . This is especially felt in the last trimester of pregnancy when the fetus is large enough. But that in no case should not become a reason for not drinking enough fluids, which is necessary for normal functioning of the body.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Decreased sexual desire

Many women in different periods of pregnancy feel the decrease in sexual desire, on the contrary, its excessive severity. It is very individual, but usually it is the absence of the former libido worried woman.

Firstly, it is governed by the desire to hormonal, which is actively being rebuilt, which accounts for the decline. But it should be noted that all the same, it is a problem not only physiological, but also psychological. During pregnancy, a woman sees a change in the figure, which do not always like it. Change line silhouette figure of fullness, swelling formed, because of what the woman tends to lose confidence, including in front of her husband.

There is also a certain fear of sexual intercourse, because some couples think that it could harm the baby. But the doctors on this subject a couple of calm, because coitus does not harm the baby.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Epidural anesthesia

Epidural anesthesia - this anesthesia during childbirth. It is performed by injection through a catheter into the epidural spinal area. The doctor asks to round back and take a deep breath, and then he disinfects the lower back and sets a thin catheter through which pain medication will be supplied throughout the birth. Sometimes therefore it decreases blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?  Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
 , Which is why there is a giddiness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet  Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
 What is considered normal. Then the doctor asked to roll over on its right side, which should restore the balance. Installation of the catheter takes less than 15 minutes and usually does not cause pain stronger than normal contractions and transferred all women.

 The most frequent questions about pregnancy: everything you wanted to know the future mothers

Power Control

In pregnant women, there is not only a change in eating habits, but also the feeling that now we have to eat for two. Most moms are beginning to uncontrollably consume large amounts of food, gaining weight rapidly. Doing this can not be - eating for two is not exactly necessary. From time to time, of course, you can indulge yourself with delicious desserts, but everything should be in moderation. Excessive weight gain during this period is fraught with complications of health and mother and child, so the diet should not contain a lot of fat, flour, sweet.

During this period, should be wary of contamination by bacteria, so it is best not to drink raw milk, do not eat meat with blood, avoid favorite sushi. All products must be thoroughly cooked, which guarantees safety.

Article Tags:
  • pregnancy problems