Diseases of pregnancy: what every woman can face
January 13, 2011
How often expectant mothers are faced with illnesses during pregnancy, which did not even know. It seems, from where I had this disease before pregnancy because I have nothing suffered. There are certain diseases that are specific to pregnancy. They arise as a result of hormonal adjustment of the organism, the increased load on the cardiovascular, urinary, and other systems. Typically, after delivery, these diseases disappear, but sometimes may lead to chronic processes.
The most frequent diseases during pregnancy
There are three main diseases in pregnant women, which are often found expectant mothers. And in this age of high speeds, impaired ecology and hectic life of at least one of these conditions will have to face:
- Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy;
- preeclampsia pregnancy;
- Gestational pyelonephritis.
Iron deficiency anemia pregnant
Anemia or anemia - a reduction of hemoglobin below 110 g / l, erythrocytes of less than 3, 5 million. / L, and hematocrit (the index of blood clots) to 0, 30-0, 33, reduction of serum iron, increased iron binding capacity. Hemoglobin, of which consists of iron, is involved in the delivery of oxygen organs and tissues, and its lack of mom and unborn child loses oxygen, nutrients and vitamins. There are three degrees of anemia:
- mild - the level of hemoglobin 110-90 g / l;
- moderate degree - hemoglobin is 89-80 g / l;
- severe degree - hemoglobin below 80g / l.
The clinical picture depends on the severity. In mild anemia of pregnancy may not complain of symptoms manifested in more severe. It may be a weakness, dizziness, lethargy, drowsiness, split hair, brittle nails. Treatment of anemia is prescribing iron and normalization supply (liver, buckwheat, fish, eggs, legumes). Treatment should continue even after normalization of hemoglobin in order to make up for its depots in the body.
Under urinary tract infections involve the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract: bladder - cystitis
Cystitis: urgently take action
, Kidney - pyelonephritis, urinary (isolated) - bacteriuria. The most common gestational pyelonephritis, which is associated with production of pregnancy hormone - progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
, Compression of the pregnant uterus of the urinary tract and the presence of foci of chronic infection (caries, tonsillitis). Progesterone relaxes smooth muscles of intestine and the urinary tract, resulting in constipation, impaired blood supply to the kidneys and ureters are elongated, crimped, with a plurality of kinks. This disrupts the flow of urine from the kidneys and promotes adherence infection. There are serous and purulent pyelonephritis. The clinic serous pyelonephritis erased, but the purulent pyelonephritis occurs with severe symptoms: fever, dysuric disorders (frequent, painful urination), fatigue, malaise. Treatment of gestational pyelonephritis is to appoint anti-inflammatory therapy, uroseptikov, infusion therapy.
Preeclampsia of pregnancy
Preeclampsia, or toxemia of late, develops exclusively during pregnancy and is directly related to the presence of the ovum. Typically, preeclampsia occurs with 16-20 weeks of pregnancy. The earlier the disease manifested itself, the harder it is leaking. After delivery, the symptoms of preeclampsia taper off during the week. The classical triad of preeclampsia - is the appearance of edema, high blood pressure, protein in the urine
The protein in the urine - a sign of danger, which should not be underestimated
. Sometimes, as such, no swelling (edema hidden) of their reveal of pathological weight gain (more than 400 grams per week) and sample McClure-Aldrich. The essence of the sample is to introduce intradermal saline, and then note the time of resorption papules (less than 35 minutes confirms edema). In severe cases, you may pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Preeclampsia (preconvulsive syndrome) is shown flashing flies before his eyes, nasal congestion, tinnitus, and headache. Left untreated, preeclampsia becomes eclampsia when there are seizures, and the woman faints. This condition can lead to death of the mother and fetus. That is why it is important to early detection of preeclampsia. For the treatment of starch solutions are used, dextrans aktovegin
Aktovegin - without fear of negative consequences
and other. In no case can not be used diuretics since they will only aggravate the condition (excess fluid in the tissues is).
- sickness during pregnancy
Bifidumbacterin during pregnancy - reception is possible on any terms
January 6, 2013
Bifidumbacterin - a drug that can improve bowel and the external genitalia of a pregnant woman. The mechanism of action is associated with the suppression of bifidumbacterin life of bacteria that can under certain circumstances cause infectious-inflammatory processes in the body.
The gastrointestinal tract of a pregnant woman and bifidumbakterin
During pregnancy by the action of hormonal changes, firstly, reduced immunity, and secondly, inhibited the motor activity of the uterus muscle and with it the muscle of the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts (they are innervated by single autonomic nervous system). Both processes are physiological - so the body suppresses the possible termination of pregnancy.
But these processes lead to the appearance of a woman of a number of unpleasant symptoms. Thus, inhibition of intestinal motility causes constipation, bloating and intestinal cramps. The suppression of motor activity of smooth muscles of the urinary tract contributes to stagnation of urine, the development of cystitis and pyelonephritis.
A decreased immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
It gives space for the reproduction of conditionally pathogenic and pathogenic microflora, which is always found on the surface of our body. But most such microflora contained in the intestine. To conditionally pathogenic microflora inhabiting the intestine, include, for example, yeast fungi genus Candida, which causes yeast infection in pregnant women. Infectious and inflammatory processes can cause different types of staphylococci, E. coli, Proteus, and many other microorganisms in the gut.
Do we need this kind of infection during pregnancy? Certainly not, because it can lead to numerous complications, such as his mother's side, and by the child. That is why conditionally pathogenic and pathogenic intestinal microflora is necessary to suppress. For this there is a safe drug as bifidumbakterin
Bifidumbacterin - restores normal intestinal microflora
Which is available in different dosage forms.
How to use bifidumbacterin improve gut during pregnancy
Bifidumbacterin - a drug active substances which are live, dried in a special way (lyophilized) bifidobacteria. Bifidobacteria are part of the normal microflora of the human, which performs a number of very important functions: involved in digestion, synthesizes some vital vitamins, supports normal immune system, cleanses the intestines of toxins and deposits of feces, normalizes stools.
All these functions are very much needed during pregnancy. For example, after prophylactic bifidumbacterin improves digestion of food and its promotion through the intestines, reduces phenomena such as bloating
Bloating - if you are bursting inside
(suppression of pathogenic microflora leads to the fact that during digestion produces less gas) and related intestinal colic.
The food is better moves through the intestine - are reduced or constipation, which are the main cause of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids - a shameful disease
during pregnancy. It reduces the risk of skin infection in the anus and rectum in violation of their integrity.
The risk of getting an infectious agent in the urinary organs is also reduced. Urinary tract and kidneys, as has been said, it is often affected during pregnancy due to the stagnation of urine. Infectious agents while most are representatives of conditionally pathogenic microflora inhabiting the intestine.
Woman's genitals are also located near the anus, and the infection can get on them, causing inflammation. Bowel disease and reduces the risk.
Topical application bifidumbacterin during pregnancy
For topical application bifidumbakterin produced in the form of suppositories, which can be administered as the vagina and rectum. Bifidumbakterin introduced into the vagina usually after an infectious-inflammatory process in the area disinfected with antibacterial drugs. In order to restore the normal microflora and the acidity of the vagina after active treatment is assigned a course bifidumbacterin.
Restoration of normal microflora and acidity in the vagina leads to the fact that once again there is an ability of the body to self-cleaning: conditionally pathogenic it does not take root.
Assign bifidumbacterin courses as well as candles before birth or manipulation - it prevents the development of septic complications.
Despite the fact that bifidumbakterin absolutely safe during pregnancy, and assign it to determine the correct dosage should be a doctor - it is an immutable rule for all pregnant women.