Preparing for pregnancy - Nutrition: for maternal and child health

February 8, 2012

 preparation for pregnancy nutrition
 It is important that a woman who plans to become a mother, to eat right. Nowadays, there are many diets for different people, situations and diseases. They may well be lost. Especially a lot of diets designed to reduce body weight. Of course, a woman who wants to conceive and give birth to a child, it is desirable not to have overweight. But this should not be an end in itself, the main thing - it's great.

 Preparing for pregnancy - Nutrition: for maternal and child health

How "works" our metabolism

It is known that during pregnancy a woman's body will carry a double burden. For a healthy woman is pregnant - this time a calm preparation for a meeting with his kid.

Of particular importance is the metabolism of the future mother, which is based on lifestyle and diet. Therefore, if a woman is planning a pregnancy, she should stick to the basics of healthy nutrition Healthy eating - do not limit yourself to eating  Healthy eating - do not limit yourself to eating

Metabolism or metabolism - is one of the main features of a living organism. As a result of complex biochemical processes that make up the metabolic nutrients entering the body with food, processed, and become the basis for building new tissue in the human body. Because food is produced and the energy required to build these tissues, as well as to maintain the functioning of the body (the internal organs).

Once in the metabolism of food received extracted all the useful substances are unnecessary and toxic metabolic products that are excreted. The main body, which neutralizes toxic products of metabolism in the human body is the liver. After neutralization of neutral substances excreted in the feces and urine.

To maintain proper metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
   human nutrition should be varied, with some substances should ingested a lot (it's proteins, fats and carbohydrates), the other is quite small and very small quantities, but without them, the metabolism can be completely broken. These substances include vitamins and minerals, which are part of enzymes and hormones, and thereby regulate and accelerate many times all metabolic processes.

 Preparing for pregnancy - Nutrition: for maternal and child health

What is a healthy diet

A healthy diet involves intake of healthful foods from the diet and the exclusion of products that cause the body harm. Thus, certainly the energy value of food is considered as overweight - is the basis of many diseases. When food enters the body is very small, there is fatigue, a woman begins to move less. As a result, even less energy is released than comes from food, and the residue is deposited in store as fat. Therefore, the correct healthy diet should always be combined with a mobile lifestyle.

A woman who is preparing to become a mother, should strengthen their immune system. And to form a sufficient number of immune cells need protein. Therefore, in the daily diet should include lean meats, fish (recommended as a non-greasy and oily sea fish, which contains a lot of polyunsaturated fatty acids - PUFA), dairy products, nuts, seeds.

To obtain the energy required for the life of the organism, including for immunity Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system  Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system
 You need to eat cereals, wholemeal bread, vegetables (some of them to be fresh) and fruit.

Energetic materials are fats and, in addition, they are required to operate properly metabolism Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting  Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
 . Useful and animal and vegetable fats. But animal fat person gets enough animal products such as meat, fish and milk, from which they are inseparable. Therefore, you need to fill in the main vegetable oils, which contain polyunsaturated fatty acids, to actively influence the metabolism. It is recommended to cook food on vegetable fats and add them to a variety of salads.

For products that are better not to drink at all or drink infrequently and in limited amounts include all sweets, animal fats and oils, cakes, sweet pies, ice cream, sweet carbonated water (the less the better).

But our life can not consist of mere rules. Sometimes you want something special! And do not worry, it is quite possible to let eat "forbidden" product, but in small quantities. Remember, the main thing here is not an absolute prohibition and temperance.

Thus, a healthy woman who is about to become a mother, should have in their diet following the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates: 1: 1: 4, 5. energy intake depends on the degree of physical activity. Thus, in light work, it must be built on the basis of - 32 kcal per 1 kg of body weight, with the average gravity - 37 kcal per 1 kg of body weight, with a heavy - 42 kcal per 1 kg of body weight. Thus, a woman weighing 60 kg, has a mild exertion, it should be equal to the daily ration of 1920 kcal.

Prepare food should so that products preserved as much as possible nutrients. Widely used boiled, stewed, steamed dishes. But fried foods is better to use as little as possible.

A healthy diet - the basis of the health of the expectant mother and the child.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • preparation for pregnancy

Radiation and Pregnancy: questions and answers

November 19, 2011

 Radiation and Pregnancy
 Q: I'm pregnant. How dangerous for the baby teeth examination, chest, head - in general, when the abdomen is not directly exposed to X-rays?

 Radiation and Pregnancy: questions and answers

  • Answer: If the risk is, it is minimal. X-rays are focused only on the surveyed areas and the rest of the body gets only a very small dose of radiation. If you obsleduetes in a specialized institution, the X-rays will not have any impact on your child. She scattered radiation that reaches the baby, so small that it can not cause complications during childbirth, miscarriage or any other problems.
  • Q: How soon after my ovaries or testes my husband was examined by X-rays, it is safe to conceive a child? Can the effects of X-rays lead to infertility?
  • Answer: There is no evidence that the dose of radiation used to such surveys, such as the effect on the ovaries or sperm. Furthermore, radiation Radiation and its biological effect: gently infected!  Radiation and its biological effect: gently infected!
   this type does not accumulate in the body, so you do not need to worry.
  • Q: How long to wait to get pregnant after I and my husband have been radioactive iodine therapy?
  • Answer: Generally, it is recommended that between the end of therapy and conception took 4-6 months. More precisely, you can tell the doctor.
  • Question: What is the likelihood of becoming infertile after undergoing radioactive iodine therapy?
  • Answer: The possibility that in the course of treatment you will receive the amount of radiation that can cause infertility, is very small. Minimized and the probability that the radiation will affect your future children.
  • Q: Do I have pregnant during X-ray examinations to wear a lead apron?
  • Answer: In accordance with the standards of some countries, lead "apron" in the survey must be worn if the rays can get to the uterus and ovaries, and if the "apron" does not interfere with the survey. Now this protection are increasingly being used simply for greater security.
  • Q: I'm pregnant. Is it safe for me scanners at airports?
  • Answer: These scanners are well protected and do not increase the risk of birth defects and miscarriages both operators and passengers in pregnant women.
  • Q: I'm pregnant. If I stood and touched the patient, when examined using X-rays, it is dangerous for children?
  • Answer: I understand your concern and explain why it has no basis. X-rays were not directed at your child. Scattered radiation that could reach your baby, so insignificant that it can not cause birth defects or miscarriage Miscarriage - can you protect yourself from it?  Miscarriage - can you protect yourself from it?
 . The most important for us characteristic X-rays - the dose. Your developing baby has not received a dose sufficient to somehow harm him.
  • Q: I'm pregnant and I want to go through the procedure using a laser. Can this be done without harming the child?
  • A: The impact of the laser is completely harmless to the child. Laser - it's just a light whose frequency differs from the frequency of light that give the normal bulbs. Concern about the laser surgery is the use of laser and surgery and anesthesia. Procedures using laser is not recommended for pregnant women is not certain because of the possible harmful effects on the child, but because of the significant hormonal changes during pregnancy, side effects of the procedure for the mother can be much harder than usual.
  • Q: Harmful if solarium for pregnant women?
  • Answer: Nothing speaks in favor of the solarium can harm the fetus. Tanning lamps emit ultraviolet rays - as the sun only in the solarium Solarium: harm or benefit?  Solarium: harm or benefit?
   once you get them much. But UV rays are not very penetrating power - they stop even the thin fabric. They can not penetrate the skin and affect the fetus, so there is no reason to worry.
  • Q: I'm pregnant and I'm going to fly in an airplane. This can be dangerous for the child?
  • A: Background radiation comes from cosmic rays, earth, our own bodies, and medical equipment. During the flight, at an altitude of 10 km, you are exposed to slightly more radiation from space, but smaller - from the ground. Risks for pregnant women during routine commercial flights are insignificant.
  • Question: I may be exposed to a satellite dish on the job. I am pregnant. Is it safe to continue to operate?
  • Answer: Satellite dishes used to receive television signals and microwave communications, do not emit RF signals and electromagnetic fields that could threaten the health of people in the vicinity.
  • Q: I read that power lines can cause adverse effects, and especially children. I am pregnant and want to know how they might affect my child.
  • Answer: The scientific literature does not give cause for concern in this regard. Now many people are concerned about the link between electromagnetic fields of industrial enterprises and cancer, but there is speculation that there is also a relationship between the non-ionizing radiation and other health problems in humans. Nevertheless, there are sufficient grounds to believe that such radiation, and birth defects are related to each other. So do not worry too much about it.
  • Q: I know that you can not leave a running microwave oven unattended. But I'm pregnant, and not sure if it is safe for the child, if I'm close to it?
  • Answer: In modern residential furnaces radiation level is reduced to a minimum. We do not know of cases where the use of microwave ovens would lead to complications during pregnancy.
  • Question: I have quite a bit using a mobile phone for business and personal purposes. Recently, I learned that she was pregnant, and not sure if it is safe to continue to use it.
  • Answer: A mobile phone is used microwave radiation of low intensity. Such exposure can be dangerous for your child.
  • Q: I'm pregnant. My doctor wants to find out the cause of my back pain Back pain: Do not start the process  Back pain: Do not start the process
   using MRI. It is dangerous for children?
  • Answer: In the scientific literature there is no evidence that using MRI diagnosis can adversely affect the fetus. The impact of magnetic resonance field is not sufficient to affect DNA synthesis, cell cycle and proliferation of the fetus. There are strict standards for strength MRI to be used for diagnostic purposes.
  • Question: My colleagues and I have during the day to work with computers. Some of my colleagues are pregnant, and I want to know whether dangerous for unborn children radiation that emits computers.
  • A: Some older computers emit significant amounts of radiation. After numerous publications in which their risk of exposure of workers is often overestimated, the production technology of computers has changed. It is difficult to find a computer (or rather, monitor), when dealing with a person who is exposed to strong electromagnetic fields. So, using the computer during pregnancy poses no danger to the unborn child.
  • Q: I work as a security guard, and we use portable radios for communication. I am three months pregnant and I start to worry about whether it is dangerous for the unborn child.
  • Answer: Although the means of communication, of which you speak, using radio frequency energy exposure suffered by people working with them are usually very low. Such exposure is safe not only for the health of workers, but also for pregnant women and their unborn children. Unlike ionizing radiation (This includes X-rays and nuclear radiation), with repeated exposure to radiofrequency energy (or non-ionizing radiation) potentially hazardous particles do not accumulate in the body.

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  • pregnancy problems