- The intestines during pregnancy - potential problems and their solutions
- Bowel function
Pregnant women are often faced with disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract, the most common of which are diarrhea, constipation, colorless or bloody stools. Changes in bowel habits often occur in the first trimester, they often occur before a woman finds out about their own pregnancy. Therefore, unexplained constipation (common in half of expectant mothers) and diarrhea often cause women anxiety, because she thinks that diarrhea can be caused by diet.
Another common problem for pregnant women is hemorrhoids (varicose veins in the anus), because of which the chair may acquire a reddish tint. In the development of hemorrhoids plays an important role in increased blood flow and increased intra-abdominal pressure increased uterine muscles of the rectum. To prevent hemorrhoids, you need to ensure that there is no constipation (you drink a lot of water and fiber sources to enrich the diet).
Bowel problems can also be caused by a dysfunction of the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism can cause constipation, and hyperthyroidism can cause diarrhea.
Causes of constipation during pregnancy
During pregnancy, progesterone hormone levels rise, leading to relaxation of smooth muscles of intestine and, as a consequence, slow down the passage of food therethrough. This increases the water absorption from the intestine and causes constipation. The rapidly increasing in size of the uterus puts pressure on the intestines, which also promotes normal digestion. Other important factors contributing to constipation, - Stress
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, Lack of exercise and a low content of dietary fiber.
As a constipation affect the child?
In most cases, constipation is not harmful to the baby. Woman constipation causes discomfort, but can sometimes lead to serious complications such as hemorrhoids, rectal bleeding and rectal fissures.
When should you see a doctor?
Contact your doctor if constipation, diarrhea, or bloody stools persist for a long time. Do not forget to drink more water, and give the body a moderate physical activity (such as walking for half an hour a day).
Diarrhea can be caused by food poisoning, but it usually goes away without medical intervention during the day. If the diarrhea lasts longer, it means the body has other violations, and you should see a doctor.
How should I treat bowel disorders during pregnancy?
Hemorrhoids are often the result of constipation, so you should eat more foods rich in fiber, fruits, and drink plenty of fluids. Sometimes constipation can be caused by calcium and iron contained in prenatal vitamins. If necessary, doctors recommend laxatives (Metamucil), do not pose a threat to the health of the pregnant woman.
Hygiene is very important anus. You need to wash with cold water after each bowel movement. External hemorrhoids do not require surgical treatment. In the acute phase the doctor may prescribe Goulard, lotions with Burovskii liquid butanedioic ointment. When an internal hemorrhoid doctors in most cases it is recommended to limit drug therapy.
Also useful are mineral oils with constipation, rectal suppositories and enema, but these agents can be used only under medical supervision, as they can stimulate childbirth.
To stop diarrhea, drink plenty of fluids, including water, fruit juices and broths.
Consult with your doctor before you take any antidiarrheal agents.
Intestinal dysbiosis - a disruption of quantitative and qualitative composition of microflora, which leads to the creation of an enabling environment for the development of staphylococci, streptococci, Proteus, and other pathogenic organisms. Symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis
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It may be different, but the most common include: bloating, diarrhea or constipation, belching
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, Unpleasant taste in the mouth, heartburn, stomach pain
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Who are allergic to conventional products, a slight fever. For the treatment of dysbiosis, in addition to correcting the diet, use of probiotics - biologically active substances that stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria and living microorganisms.