- Cervical osteochondrosis - the lot of office workers
- What to do
What to do with cervical osteochondrosis in the acute stage
During exacerbation of cervical degenerative disc disease patient is prescribed bed rest and analgesics. Analgesic with cervical osteochondrosis - a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the form of injections, tablets or capsules for oral administration, ointments, gels or creams for topical use. Assign also novocaine blockade, various kinds of application to the skin at the site of intense pain (eg, Dimexidum or honey). Painkillers (such as Novocain
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hydrocortisone) may be administered by electrophoresis.
To relieve tension from the neck muscles, which increases pain, muscle relaxants are assigned, for example, Mydocalmum
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To reduce the load on the spine, prescribe the wearing of orthoses (cervical collar), but too long to wear them is not recommended - the neck muscles lose their strength, become lethargic, unable to support the spine.
Cervical osteochondrosis and exercise
Once the pain subsides a little, it appointed a complex physiotherapy (physical therapy). Exercises are done with the first state of lying, but after the pain subside, - in a state of sitting or standing.
Exercise therapy in cervical osteochondrosis is one of the main methods of treatment. The main objective of physical therapy is to strengthen the muscles of the neck and back, supporting the creation of the muscular system, which will take the weight off the spine. If we draw a set of physical exercises for the neck on a regular basis, it may suspend the degenerative-dystrophic changes in intervertebral discs, that is their destruction.
Each patient set of exercises is chosen individually, taking into account changes in the spine, the patient's complaints and his general condition. Start classes can perform three exercises but 3 - 5 times. Then gradually, under the supervision of a doctor LFK load increases. All exercises are performed, trying to avoid pain. When will be fully matched set of exercises, they can do at home. The most important thing - it's regular classes.
But the people of young age classes exercise therapy is sometimes not enough, they want to play sports. Cervical osteochondrosis and sports - as is consistent? The best sport in this disease is considered to be swimming. Swimming with cervical osteochondrosis offloads the neck muscles, while strengthening them.
Contraindications for cervical osteochondrosis apply to all sports associated with weight lifting, jumping and sudden movements - weightlifting, high jump, wrestling, tennis, badminton, etc.
Cervical osteochondrosis in pregnancy
During pregnancy, cervical osteochondrosis
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It exacerbated not as often as lumbosacral. Nevertheless, exacerbation possible. To prevent possible aggravation should be daily, several times a day to perform complex physical therapy. If the aggravation began, the treatment can be carried out only on prescription, since pregnant women can be applied not all drugs, including pain relievers.
How to sleep at cervical osteochondrosis
Of great importance in cervical osteochondrosis has a comfortable bed, the corresponding physiological curvature of the spine. She has to have a rigid base on which is placed a soft mattress. The degree of softness and thickness of the top of the mattress depends on body weight: overweight people is better to choose a hard mattress and thin - softer. Very comfortable latex mattresses of different degrees of softness.
No less important is the cushion in the cervical osteochondrosis. It should be small. Pillows with cervical osteochondrosis may be different depending on the posture that the patient receives during sleep
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If he sleeps mostly on his side, he should have a tough cushion on the back - moderately hard on the stomach - soft to relieve tension of the neck muscles.
Orthopedic pillow with cervical osteochondrosis is an ideal option. It has a roller at the level of the neck, allowing the neck located above the head - it provides relaxation of the muscles of the neck and the normal cerebral blood flow.
It is important to quickly identify cervical osteochondrosis and prevent its spread.