- Atopic dermatitis - the unpleasant legacy
- What is atopic dermatitis
What is atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis - a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin of an allergic nature, having basically hereditary reasons. Atopy may be with respect to many types of allergens: food, dust, food, medicines, bacterial, viral, and so on.
Atopic dermatitis is closely associated with other allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis and asthma, they often occur together (allergic triad). In atopic often arise immediate type allergic reactions (hives, swelling,
Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
Angioedema, anaphylactic shock).
Atopic dermatitis in children can serve as the initial phase of other more severe forms of the allergy. This is called "atopic march".
Stages of atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis begins with the first months of life. Throughout his life manifestations are changing, which can be divided into three stages: infant, child and adolescent or adult.
Each of these stages is acute, subacute periods and periods outside of exacerbations. More than half of children for 14-15 years, "grow" from this disease.
Infant atopic dermatitis
It starts mostly at age of three months and may take the form of dry or moist diathesis up to two years.
When weeping form on the face, buttocks, upper and lower extremities appear redness and swelling of the skin, rash or elevations in the form of bubbles, which then burst and form moist areas covered with crusts. Child worries severe itching. Upon accession, these elements acquire infections purulent.
The dry form - is an expression of dry skin with redness and swelling in some places. It appears at first papular (elevation above the skin), itchy rash, then combing formed scabs and sores.
Often dry form becomes weeping and vice versa. There are areas of moist diathesis
Diathesis in children - an integrated approach
next to the dry crusts and desquamation.
Children's stage of atopic dermatitis
Starts baby stage of the disease is usually at the age of two years and can be extended to 10-12 years. The skin in the natural folds appear dense swelling, redness, small itchy rash, scaling with many scales. Often such pockets arranged symmetrically.
Teenage or adult stage of atopic dermatitis
Dermatitis - what to do with the inflamed skin?
Atopic dermatitis is also called adult neurodermatitis. During an exacerbation in some areas (face, neck, elbow and popliteal fossa, inner thighs, perineum), the skin becomes dry, thicker skin with a pronounced pattern with deep grooves. In the area of these centers appears severe itching, scratching covered numerous crusts.
Treatment of atopic dermatitis
By the treatment of atopic dermatitis should be approached comprehensively, that is to work on all parts of the chain that can cause symptoms of the disease. Cure allergy easily, but the primary goal of treatment is to prevent the occurrence of exacerbations.
Of great importance in the treatment of patients given diet therapy. Appointed strict hypoallergenic diet
Hypoallergenic diet - the salvation for the stomach
with the exception of allergens identified in the survey, and products with higher allergenicity. Within 3-12 months under the supervision of a physician formed an individual hypoallergenic diet with the gradual inclusion of certain products.
Equally important is the monitoring of the environment and the exception to it allergenic factors. To do this, most free apartment from extra soft things, daily wet cleaning, books and clothing store in closed cabinets, use air purifiers, thoroughly ventilate the apartment, do not keep the home of indoor plants, animals and fish, cleaning the bathroom issue with solutions, prevents the growth of molds every year to change the pad.
Drug therapy should only be undertaken under medical supervision, initiative must be completely ruled out, since all drugs have side effects. Furthermore, long-term use of the drug thereto often develop addictive - it does not have the expected action.
Care is also the most important area of treatment. Such patients require daily 20 minute bathing, which cleans and moisturizes the skin, it improves penetration of drugs. Bathing water to be dechlorinated by settling in the bath for 1-2 hours followed by the addition of boiling water. When bathing, do not use a washcloth, detergents should have a neutral pH (5, 5), after bathing the skin should be slightly wet and dry areas of increased apply special means for skin care with atopy.