Allergic vasculitis of the skin - is constantly relapsing disease

October 18, 2012

 skin hypersensitivity vasculitis
 There are diseases such as vasculitis of the skin, which are mainly allergic in nature. These diseases occur, as a rule, long-term, but do not cause serious complications. However, these diseases are often poorly tolerated by patients, causing them to develop neuroses.

 Allergic vasculitis of the skin - is constantly relapsing disease

Causes of allergic skin vasculitis

In allergic vasculitis of skin damage happens blood vessels of the skin as a result of allergic reactions. The cause of the disease may be different foci of infection in the body (chronic tonsillitis, carious teeth, pustular rash on the skin, etc.), long-term toxicity of various origin (including alcohol, drugs, nicotine), allergies to medications, food or any other substance . The starting point may be hypothermia, prolonged sun exposure, injury and so on.

Moreover, in patients allergic vasculitis almost always have a genetic predisposition to such diseases.

All allergic vasculitis skin can be divided into the superficial and deep. They can proceed acute and chronic.

 Allergic vasculitis of the skin - is constantly relapsing disease

Superficial skin allergic vasculitis

For superficial allergic vasculitis of skin is a disease, syndrome Miescher - Curtain. This affects the small blood vessels of the skin without the formation of blood clots in them. Disease manifests the appearance of small-sized lesions in the form of red spots, sometimes receiving a hemorrhagic character. Such localized rash legs, at least - on the skin of the hands and face. For the first time the disease begins suddenly after an exacerbation of a chronic infection. The general condition of the patient, as a rule, does not suffer, but possibly a mild fever, and joint pain Joint pain - how to understand what is going on?  Joint pain - how to understand what is going on?
 . The disease tends to prolonged recurrent course.

Allergic arteriolitis Ruiter can occur in different ways. It usually begins with the appearance of red spots on the skin, which then become hemorrhagic in nature. But may appear rash and other elements - limited pockets of dense edema Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause  Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
 , Tense blisters, pustules (blisters with purulent contents), small dense knots. Some types of this disease is a rash nature of nodules the size of a pinhead or larger, flaky and prone to necrosis (tissue death), and ulceration. The disease is also prone to long duration, but sometimes goes after you delete or prolechivaniya foci of infection.

 Allergic vasculitis of the skin - is constantly relapsing disease

Deep skin allergic vasculitis

With deep allergic vasculitis of skin vascular lesions of the skin takes place medium-caliber muscular type, located on the border of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.

An example of such a disease may be allergic granulomatosis Chardjui - Strauss This is a serious disease with skin manifestations in the form of patches, plaques and nodular lesions, accompanied by bouts of asthma, the appearance in the blood of a large number of eosinophils Eosinophils - neutralize foreign protein  Eosinophils - neutralize foreign protein
   (one of the types of leukocytes White blood cells as the basis of immunity  White blood cells as the basis of immunity
 , Increasing the number of eosinophils in allergy), renal disease. It is also possible destruction of heart, lung and gastrointestinal tract. In patients with this disease is usually detected increased sensitivity to the microflora of the paranasal sinuses.

Subacute migratory hypoderm Vilanova - Pinola occurs predominantly in women. The disease manifests itself on the skin the appearance of small (1-2 cm in diameter) dense painless nodes in the subcutaneous tissue of the legs (often on the anterior surface of the outer legs and the lower third of the thigh). The skin over these elements is usually not changed. A few days later as a result of peripheral growth node turns into a flat plaque with a diameter of 10-20 cm, and the skin over it is red. Disease lasts from a few weeks to several months. Scarring after recovery remains.

Vascular Garkavi allergies - severe febrile disease, occurring with lesions of the internal organs. It is characterized by an increased sensitivity to non-bacterial antigens (tobacco, dust, food allergens). It is characterized by the appearance of the skin lesions of various - spots, papules, vesicles, necrosis areas.

The disease usually occurs with a high temperature development of lesions in the internal organs.

 Allergic vasculitis of the skin - is constantly relapsing disease

Diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis is usually placed on the basis of characteristic symptoms and confirmed by histological examination of the skin with vascular changes. Be sure to come to light and being treated all foci of infection in the body.

Appointed antihistamines (suprastin, tavegil), were injected intravenously with calcium chloride solution. If this treatment does not help, use glucocorticoid hormones.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • vasculitis

Latex allergy: a reason to throw condoms

September 9, 2010

  • Latex allergy: a reason to throw condoms
  • Increased hypersensitivity

 Latex allergy
 Latex allergy is an allergic reaction to certain proteins in the composition of natural rubber latex, a product made from the sap of the rubber tree. If you are allergic to latex, your body mistaking latex for "aggressor", that is a harmful substance. Latex allergy can cause characteristic reactions, ranging from sneezing and runny nose and ending with anaphylactic shock, life-threatening. The doctor will determine if you have a latex allergy, as well as whether you are at risk.

 Latex allergy: a reason to throw condoms

Symptoms of latex allergy

Symptoms of latex allergy usually occur after contact with latex products, for example, when you touch the rubber gloves, or inhalation of latex particles in the air (particulate matter released into the air when you're shooting latex gloves). The degree of severity of the allergic symptoms can range from mild to severe, depending on the individual sensitivity and the amount of latex allergens. The reaction may deteriorate with regular contact with latex.

 Latex allergy: a reason to throw condoms

Mild symptoms

For mild symptoms of latex allergy include:

  • itching;
  • redness of the skin;
  • a rash or hives.

 Latex allergy: a reason to throw condoms

Silnovyrazhennye symptoms

By silnovyrazhennym symptoms of latex allergy include:

  • sneezing;
  • runny nose;
  • itchy eyes, watery eyes;
  • sore throat;
  • heavy breathing;
  • shortness of breath;
  • cough.

 Latex allergy: a reason to throw condoms

Symptoms of anaphylactic shock, allergies to latex

Anaphylaxis - the most dangerous allergic reaction to latex, as it can lead to death. Anaphylaxis is the first rare allergic reactions upon contact with the latex, it occurs only at extremely high sensitivity. Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • shortness of breath;
  • heavy breathing;
  • a sharp drop in blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?  Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
  • dizziness;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • confusion;
  • a rapid or weak pulse.

 Latex allergy: a reason to throw condoms

When you need to see a doctor

Seek immediate medical help if you suspect that you have an anaphylactic reaction.

With less dangerous allergic reactions after contact with latex also need to see a doctor, if possible at a time when you have symptoms. This will facilitate the diagnosis.

 Latex allergy: a reason to throw condoms

Reasons for latex allergy

When latex allergy the immune system recognizes latex as a harmful substance. Cough, runny or anaphylaxis - a sign that the immune system stimulates the production of antibodies Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity  Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity
   (immunoglobulin E (IgE)) to deal with the "aggressor" -lateksom (allergen). The next contact with latex IgE antibodies immediately identify it and send a signal to the immune system The immune system - how it works?  The immune system - how it works?
 In response to a release which occurs in blood histamine and other chemicals. The more contact with the latex, the stronger the immune system will react to it (a process known as sensitization).

Enters the bloodstream chemicals (neurotransmitters) cause a range of allergic symptoms. Most of the allergic reactions is histamine.

Latex allergy can occur in the following cases:

  • For direct contact. The most frequent cause of latex allergy is a direct contact with latex, such as wearing latex gloves or touching other objects containing latex.
  • When inhaled. Latex allergy can occur by inhalation of the particles. Objects of latex, in particular gloves, are left in the air the smallest particles. Latex gloves are sometimes treated inside with cornstarch to ease them on and off. Corn starch absorbs proteins contained in latex, but when you remove or put on the gloves, the particles with latex proteins into the air.

There are other possible reactions to latex are not allergic, including:

  • Allergic contact dermatitis. This is a reaction to chemical additives used in the production of latex. Signs and symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis Dermatitis - what to do with the inflamed skin?  Dermatitis - what to do with the inflamed skin?
   - Skin rash, on contact with poison ivy, as well as blisters - appear 24-48 hours after exposure.
  • Irritative dermatitis (contact dermatitis due to irritation). It is not allergic and likely irritation caused by wearing rubber gloves or contact with the powder within them. Signs and symptoms of skin dryness, itching, irritation of certain areas of the skin, usually the back of the hand.