Asparkam is a drug that is widely used in the treatment of various diseases. An overdose of pills asparkama usually not dangerous, but his intravenous should be made with great caution and only on prescription.
In what diseases and conditions shall be appointed asparkam
The structure asparkama are salts of potassium and magnesium, which are essential for the proper operation of the cells of the heart muscle (myocardium). Therefore asparkam appointed in many heart diseases.
First of all, the indication for asparkama are various heart rhythm disorders - asparkam has antiarrhythmic effects.
Asparkam also able to positively influence the metabolism in the myocardial cells, so it should apply in the case where these processes are disturbed - at ischemic heart disease (angina, myocardial infarction), congestive heart failure
Heart failure - when the heart is unable to cope with the work
(ie violation of myocardial contractility) myocardial (metabolic disorders
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
in myocardial cells) and so on.
Applied asparkam and if the blood contains an insufficient amount of potassium or magnesium. This happens in various diseases and conditions involving fluid loss (diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration when overheating, and so on), while taking laxatives and diuretics that remove potassium (furosemide) and so on.
But most often asparkam used in conjunction with cardiac glycosides - drugs that are prescribed for a long time, and sometimes in large doses. Cardiac glycosides slow the heart rate and can cause arrhythmia, asparkam prevents these complications.
When it is not recommended to take asparkam
Asparkam not take if heart block - a violation of cardiac conduction, as it slows the transmission of nerve impulses on the cardiac conduction system.
Another contraindication for use asparkama is the simultaneous use of drugs that contribute to the accumulation (savings) of potassium in the body. These properties are, for example, certain diuretics (triamterene, veroshpiron
Veroshpiron - used with caution!
and so on).
With great care and only on prescription asparkam can be used in renal impairment - it contributes to the accumulation of potassium in the body, and this is very dangerous.
Not recommended the appointment of asparkama well as severe muscle weakness - it could worsen. Of course, asparkam can not be used and if it was an allergic reaction (if you are hypersensitive).
Complications at reception
Tablets asparkama usually do not cause significant complications (side effects), prescribers often, many heart diseases and are well tolerated.
Sometimes there are slight nausea (vomiting is very rare), diarrhea, discomfort and mild pain in the abdomen. But it passes quickly.
Danger intravenous asparkama especially fast, which may result in overdose. Symptoms of overdose: thirst, swelling and redness of the face, lower blood pressure, respiratory failure, convulsions and coma. Output from this state can only be entered if antagonists of potassium - solutions containing sodium and calcium salts.
While the use of antiarrhythmics enhanced ability to reduce conductivity and excitability of heart muscle. At simultaneous reception asparkama and certain medications (beta blockers, cyclosporine, ACE inhibitors, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, potassium-sparing diuretics, salt substitutes cookbook containing potassium) increase the risk of hyperkalemia - high content of potassium in the blood.
How to apply
Asparkam tablets for the treatment of adults is assigned one or two tablets (dose adjusted individually) three times a day for at least three weeks (usually longer). Prophylactic dose is one tablet three times a day - courses taken for a month or longer. Children and pregnant women are the dosage and duration of treatment is chosen individually.
Intravenous asparkam (each vial contains 5 or 10 ml of the drug) is administered bolus or infusion, but in any case very slowly (possible overdose!) Dilution of its 5% glucose solution
Glucose: The energy source
. The dosage is selected individually depending on the patient's condition. Chip asparkam introduced at a rate of 5 ml per minute infusion - 25 drops per minute. Use only clear solutions and immediately after opening the ampoule. The solution asparkama not add any other medical solutions.
Asparkam tablets can be taken for a long time without fear of overdose, but intravenous administration should only be prescribed by a doctor.