Angina: When the heart needs help - Causes
May 25, 2008
- Angina: When the heart needs help
- First aid
Causes of angina
Usually, angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease and / or coronary heart disease (myocardial ischemia). It is believed that the causes of these disorders can be smoking, a diet rich in saturated fats and sugar, sedentary lifestyle, prolonged emotional stress. These factors may eventually lead to atherosclerotic plaque on arterial walls, and those in turn may be partially or completely block blood flow to certain areas of the heart. This can result in both angina
Angina - oxygen deficiency
And myocardial infarction.
In addition, it should take into account a number of factors that can be triggers strokes.
Attack of stable angina
Stable angina - one of the manifestations of coronary heart disease
It can be caused by any situation in which the heart's need for oxygen increases, but through narrowed arteries can not flow enough blood. This may occur, for example, when strong stress, exposure to very high or low temperature, overeating, smoking.
The cause of unstable angina attack
Unstable angina - alarm organism
getting a blood clot that partially blocks the flow of blood to the heart. Why do some people with coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease, as well as with a similar way of life, to develop stable, while others - unstable angina, is unknown. Triggers unstable angina attacks have not been identified.
Coronary artery spasm, causing angina Prinzmetal
Prinzmetal angina - a rare disease with serious consequences
It can occur as a result of the low temperature, stress, medication, which constricts blood vessels, smoking and also cocaine. Typically, the attack begins only some time after exposure to these triggers.
Factors that increase the likelihood of angina include: high cholesterol, hypertension (high blood pressure angina may also lead to more frequent and strong attacks), metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, diabetes, overweight and obesity, age (for men the risk of angina begins to increase after 45 years, women - after 55 years).
As the researchers note, in recent years, angina is more common in younger age - probably due to the spread of problems such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle and diabetes among children and adolescents.
Classification of angina
The classification of degrees of violations allocate functional classes of angina, indicating to what extent the disease affects a person's ability to cope with physical exertion. There are four functional class, or the degree of angina and angina at four sub-degree quad.
Angina 1 degree. Regular physical activity such as walking and climbing stairs does not cause angina attacks. The attack may begin after a very long and / or heavy load.
Angina 2 degrees. The patient has to slightly limit the level of physical activity, regularly take breaks during training and walks. It is not recommended to quickly climb stairs or walk up the slopes, walks briskly immediately after a meal, a walk in the bitter cold or the wind. In some cases, these loads are permitted, but only in the morning, within a few hours after awakening.
Angina 3 degrees. It should be a significant limitation of physical activity. The attack may begin after climbing just one flight of stairs and walk a distance of 200 meters.
Angina 4 degrees. Any physical load causes discomfort and can lead to the attack. There allocate four subtypes:
- A - the patient is hospitalized, after aggressive medical treatment his condition improved, probably further out-patient treatment;
- In - the patient is hospitalized, despite aggressive medical therapy, angina symptoms persist, it can not be sent to outpatient treatment, but it does not require intravenous nitroglycerin;
- C - despite the use of various treatments, including intravenous nitroglycerin, control angina fails;
- D - the patient is in shock.
Diet and heart disease: the basic strategies of proper nutrition - reduce the risk of heart disease
April 1, 2007
- Diet and heart disease: the basic strategies of proper nutrition
- Reduce the risk of heart disease
Proper nutrition - the key to a healthy heart
Proper nutrition is necessary for normal functioning of the heart, helping to reduce or even eliminate some of the potential risk factors. So, proper nutrition
Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food
It helps reduce total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol ("bad") cholesterol, lower blood pressure, reduce blood sugar
Blood sugar - one of the main indicators of human health
And to normalize body weight. Most diets simply forbids eating certain foods (usually this is your favorite food!), And a balanced diet helps to focus on those products that are possible and necessary. In fact, heart disease studies have shown that a diet enriched foods good for your heart is not less effective than exclusion from the menu of harmful products.
So, here are nine basic tactics of healthy nutrition
Healthy eating - do not limit yourself to eating
To help reduce the risk of heart disease:
- Include in the diet of larger fish. Fish - a great source of natural protein and other nutrients. So, fish contains omega-3 fatty acids reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
- Eat plenty of vegetables, fruits, grains and legumes. These lovely and delicious natural wonders - the most effective means of preventing and treating heart disease.
- It is reasonable to choose fatty foods.
- Limit total fat intake is a certain amount of grams.
- Consume a minimum amount of saturated fat and trans fat (found in butter, margarine, salad dressings, fried foods, snacks and fast food, sweets and desserts).
- If you are taking the fat additive use fats with a high content of monounsaturated fats (which are found in olive, and peanut oil).
- Consume a variety of foods containing fiber - not more than that required by the body. Sources of protein (meat and dairy products) - are the main culprits for heart disease. It helps reduce the risk of a balanced diet.
- Limit your intake of cholesterol-containing foods. Dietary cholesterol can increase the level of cholesterol in blood, particularly in people at risk. Limiting the intake of dietary cholesterol has an additional advantage: this way you also limits the intake of saturated fats as cholesterol and saturated fats are usually found in the same foods. The energy source for you should be complex carbohydrates (pasta, flour from whole grains, sweet potatoes, bread, whole grain flour) and simple carbohydrates should be limited (non-alcoholic and soft drinks, sugar, sweets). If you have high blood cholesterol, simple carbohydrates only worsen your condition and increase the risk of heart disease.
- Eat regularly. Fasting eventually leads to overeating. The best way to control blood sugar levels while burning calories and reduce cholesterol levels - there is often (five to six times a day), but fractionally, ie small portions.
Other strategies to reduce the risk of heart disease
- Reduce salt intake. It helps regulate blood pressure.
- Do fitness. The human body is designed for activity. Physical activity strengthens the heart muscle, increases blood flow, lowers blood pressure, high cholesterol, and increases high-density lipoprotein ("good") cholesterol, and also helps control blood sugar
Blood sugar - a very important indicator
and body weight.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Without water there is no life. Remember that adequate moisture - a necessary condition of life of the organism.
- Enjoy every bite of food. Your goal - to enrich the diet with vitamins and minerals, not to deprive yourself of all pleasure. When you get the pleasure of eating, you better mood, attitude to life is changing for the better. Also, when you eat your favorite foods, do not load up, that helps to keep normal weight and reduce blood cholesterol levels.