There are severe cardiovascular disease, the presence of which man can not know, but there are some that may not be apparent throughout your life, but can occur suddenly and most tragic way. So already, for example, with famous athletes, when the heart stopped in the middle of the competition.
The heart pumps blood into the vascular system by systematically successive contractions of muscle cells of the atria and ventricles. Blood moves through the scheme: the circulatory system - the atria - the ventricles - the circulatory system. During ventricular special valves (doors) between the atria and closed and prevent the return (of the ventricles in the atrium) blood flow. On the right side is the tricuspid valve, on the left - bicuspid or mitral.
When the mitral valve completely fail
Sometimes the mitral valve does not work, due to changes in the connective tissue, they sag into the cavity of the left atrium during systole (contraction) of the ventricles, forming a sphere, in which case we speak of mitral valve prolapse (MVP).
Mitral valve prolapse may be congenital or arose against other diseases, such as, for example, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, etc.
How can manifest mitral valve prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse due to congenital causes may not manifest itself throughout life, and may be accompanied by various unpleasant sensations, such as arrhythmia or pain in the heart. It all depends on the degree of change in the connective tissue of the valve and of the destruction of the autonomic nervous system (the nervous system that innervate the internal organs).
Thus, PMC can occur in the form of recurrent palpitations, aches and disruptions in the heart, dyspnea, fever, headaches, and other, including vegetative symptoms.
Vegetative crises can arise spontaneously or due to overwork and stress. They also stop on their own or while taking sedatives. Crises can be of two types - the sympathetic and parasympathetic.
With the predominance of the activity of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system (he is responsible for the condition of the heart in extreme situations) develops sympathoadrenal crisis, which is manifested excitement, anxiety, tremors throughout the body, chilliness, high blood pressure, heartbeat.
If there is increased activity of the parasympathetic department (responsible for the constant support of the authorities), during the crisis there is a feeling of fear, anguish, sweating, nausea, excessive salivation
Profuse salivation - find out the cause
, Bloating, and rumbling stomach, diarrhea, frequent urination.
Complications of mitral valve prolapse
In some cases, mitral valve prolapse can cause complications such as acute or chronic mitral valve insufficiency with expansion of the left atrium and the stagnation of blood in the lungs (which can cause even more severe complication - pulmonary edema), bacterial endocarditis (inflammation of the mucosal lining of the heart), thromboembolism
Thromboembolism: severe complications
(blood stasis thrombus, which is formed due to the stagnation of the blood), severe arrhythmias, sudden death.
Diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse
If you suspect a mitral valve prolapse is performed to confirm the diagnosis of ECG, cardiac ultrasound (echocardiography) phonocardiography (study of heart sounds), X-ray of the heart. On the basis of these studies can make a correct diagnosis.
Treatment of mitral valve prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse involves, first of all, proper organization of work and rest with the exception of heavy physical and mental exertion. Despite the fact that most of these patients tolerate physical stress, including gymnastics, they can not participate, for example, in the event of the higher physical and mental load increased. Not recommended as sports activities related to the nature of the jerky movements (eg, jumping, wrestling).
Patients with mitral valve prolapse performed restorative treatment, treatment (including boosting the immune system, as most of them are prone to colds, as well as the treatment of chronic foci of infection), contributing to the strengthening of the autonomic nervous system (psychotherapy, auto-training
Auditory training - you start to think positively?
, Physiotherapy, reflexology
Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies
Mitral valve prolapse - this is not a serious disease, but it requires certain limitations, both physical and mental.