- Intrauterine device - how to avoid complications?
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Pregnancy and spiral
- Operating principle
IUD with silver
IUD with silver - a means of contraception reliably protect women from unwanted pregnancies. Unlike traditional copper coils, silver IUD effectively suppresses inflammatory processes often occur after you apply a spiral and its interaction with the ends of the walls of the uterus.
About the IUD
Most modern spirals are T-shaped. They are very small - no longer than a matchbox. Any intrauterine device can easily fit in the palm of the female, which is not surprising, after all, the very uterus in nonpregnant women is no more than the size of a clenched fist. Modern helical usually made of copper or plastic; IUDs and silver occur less frequently. It is believed that the spiral silver hinder the development of certain inflammatory diseases and increase contraceptive effect, but, of course, they can not protect against sexually transmitted diseases by.
At the end of the IUD are the thread by which, when the time comes, the doctor can easily remove their uterus spiral. Many women from time to time on their own feel for the threads to make sure that the coil is not shifted. What you can find the thread, does not mean that you can remove the IUD yourself.
In some cases, the woman's partner can feel the threads at the time of sexual intercourse. This is usually not a problem, but if a man is worried, talk to a gynecologist - he can slightly shorten the thread.
IUD prevents sperm to penetrate from the uterus to the fallopian tubes; it makes cervical mucus thicker and has an effect on the endometrium, reducing the likelihood of implantation of a fertilized egg if conception did occur. IUD with silver and copper also makes sperm less mobile - it also reduces the likelihood of conception
Conception, ovarian cycle, fertilization and genetics of a child
IUD with silver - not a new means of contraception. Even in 1920, the German scientist Ernst Grefenberg, "discoverer" known point G, has created an intrauterine device made of silver wire, which operated for five years and, unlike the first spirals, did not provoke uterine infection.
Modern IUDs with silver in their design, size and properties are no different from traditional copper-bearing intrauterine devices, and as effective protection against unintended pregnancy, inhibiting sperm motility
. The use of silver in the manufacture of copper-containing intrauterine devices caused primarily by the need: copper wire spiral structure element, setting a spiral into the uterus undergoes corrosion and loses its protective properties contraceptives
. That is why modern intrauterine devices provide a copper wire with a silver core, the thickness of which can reach about one third of the overall diameter of the wire
. The core of the silver protects copper wire IUD corrosion, reducing the risk of damage to the structural elements of the spiral, since silver - a noble metal, which does not affect the organic acid contained in the fluids of the uterus
In intrauterine devices with silver, there is another important advantage: such a spiral due to the content of silver ions have not only a high contraceptive effect, but also anti-inflammatory effect. Actually IUDs silver monitor and restrain the inflammatory process in the mucosa lining the inside of the uterus, which could trigger setting spiral into the uterus.
IUD with silver contraindicated in cases where there are any inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, infections of the reproductive system, postpartum endometriosis
Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences
, Cervical dysplasia
Dysplasia - what is it?
(abnormal cell proliferation in the tissues of the cervix).
IUD with silver can be installed in four to six weeks after childbirth and breastfeeding
Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!
The effectiveness of IUD is 98%, which makes it almost as a reliable means of contraception, as well as oral contraceptives. In practice, this means that out of 100 women using intrauterine devices in the year conceive on average, two women. For comparison - the 100 women who for years were not protected, pregnancy occurs in about 20 women.