Contraception for nursing mothers - which method is right for you?

November 25, 2010

 Contraception lactating mothers
 Many women believe that contraception is not needed after the birth, and so they can not get pregnant. But it is not so often the case, that it was in the first months after the birth a woman becomes pregnant again. And it almost always leads to abortion, which is extremely negative impact on a woman's body after childbirth.

 Contraception for nursing mothers - which method is right for you?

Hormonal changes in the body

A woman who feeds the child, the main hormone that suppresses the activity of other hormones is prolactin. Prolactin is released by the pituitary gland and stimulates the production of breast milk. At the same time inhibits the production of prolactin, another pituitary hormone - follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which affects the maturation of the egg in the ovary. A small amount of FSH does not allow the eggs to mature, so no ovulation (release of an egg from the ovary into the abdominal cavity and the fallopian tube for fertilization), not ready to receive the embryo mucous membrane of the uterus.

A nursing mother may further (to have guaranteed to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy) to use some other methods of contraception, such as the barrier.

 Contraception for nursing mothers - which method is right for you?

The method of natural contraception

Hormonal changes in the body lead to a nursing mother that the woman after the birth, which is nursing her child, in the first 5-6 months is usually no menstruation. Fertilization in this period is also impossible, because there is no egg. This method of contraception or a method called natural lactation amenorrhea Lactational amenorrhea - the natural recovery of the body after birth  Lactational amenorrhea - the natural recovery of the body after birth

The reliability of the method depends on how well a woman breastfeeding a child. If she feeds him "on demand", the child is fed and is developing normally, then the natural contraception works. Once the child begins to receive supplementation (if you do not have enough breast milk), the reliability of natural contraception decreases. Naturally it is reduced after the first solid foods introduced Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?  Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?
   - 5-6 months.

Despite the fact that the natural method of contraception is attractive to spouses, is not always completely reliable, and therefore nursing women are advised to use other methods of contraception in addition to breastfeeding.

Lactational amenorrhea method can be supplemented by barrier methods of contraception, as well as the local use of spermicides.

 Contraception for nursing mothers - which method is right for you?

Barrier methods of contraception in addition to the natural contraception

For barrier methods of contraception include the use of condoms a man and a cap, diaphragm - a woman.

  • Condoms are available in various sizes from a thin durable latex. This is the most commonly used method of barrier contraception. It is also good that protects against infection by sexually transmitted diseases.

Diaphragms and caps are not as popular. The problem basically is to pick them up in size, and this can only be done in the office of an obstetrician-gynecologist. And the diaphragm and cap can be used after 1, 5 months after birth.

  • Aperture - a round dome-shaped cap with a flexible rim of rubber or latex, which is used to cover the cervix. Available in different sizes and aperture types (eg, with different types of diaphragm springs). A diaphragm inserted into the vagina before intercourse (pre verifying its integrity) and left there for several hours and then recovered, thoroughly washed and dried. Sometimes the introduction of the diaphragm combined with the introduction of spermicides (spermicides). The diaphragm can not be lubricated with oil - it can damage it.

In some cases, if a woman has some kind of inflammatory disease of the reproductive organs, against the use of the diaphragm can begin toxic shock. This is due to the fact that some types of bacteria produce toxins. Since the diaphragm prevents vaginal discharge secretions, toxins begin to be absorbed into the blood and poison the body.

Toxic shock manifested fever, chills, malaise, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, pain in muscles and joints, a sharp decrease in blood pressure, dizziness and loss of consciousness. The skin may appear rash, skin peels layers of palms. If you suspect that you need to remove toxic shock diaphragm and seek medical advice.

  • The cap - a device made of soft rubber that fits over the cervix. The cap is held in place by the formation of negative pressure between the cup rim and the surface of the cervix.

The cap is also inserted into the vagina before intercourse and are often used in conjunction with spermicide. Contraindicated use of the cap with uterine bleeding and acute inflammatory processes in the genital area. After intercourse, the cap is removed. His delay in the body for more than a day can cause toxic shock.

 Contraception for nursing mothers - which method is right for you?

Hormonal contraception

Nursing mothers can take one component hormone (progestin) contraceptives that contain artificial hormones - an analogue of the female sex hormone progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology  Progesterone - norm and pathology
   (e.g. femulen). These drugs are harmless to mother and child they can begin to take six weeks after childbirth. This type of contraception will only fit a neat women, since only ensures correct reception of the effectiveness of the drug.

Progestin contraceptives suppress ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?  Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
 Reduce the risk of thrombosis, cause no pressure increase or decrease the libido. While receiving this type of contraceptives, the following side effects: occurrence of bleeding (or, conversely, the absence of menstrual periods), development time of ovarian cysts, and others.

Contraception for nursing mothers entails the application of methods that do not harm the child would be inflicted.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • methods of contraception

Recovery after abortion: whether it is necessary to you?

May 15, 2011

 recovery after abortion
 None of abortion does not pass in vain for a woman. Abortion - is not only the removal of the fetus from the uterus, but also a violation of secretion of sex hormones and the ovaries, as he is the cause of nervous shock. Therefore, after any abortion, whatever method it does not produce, it is necessary to carry out the restoration of physical and mental health of the woman. Time and money spent on recovery after an abortion, disproportionately greater than those spent on abortion itself. Therefore, every woman should think about the consequences before you dare to take this step as getting rid of the unwanted pregnancy.

 Recovery after abortion: whether it is necessary to you?

Recovery after abortion

Recovery after an abortion - a set of measures aimed at reducing and minimizing the risk of possible effects and complications. For this purpose, patients are being prepared for the future motherhood, normalization of the emotional state and the return to the usual rhythm of life for the woman. Recovery begins after the abortion, as strange as it sounds, at the stage of preparation for it. Immediately after the abortion patient undergoing rehabilitation, which consists of many things, and can sometimes take several months.

 Recovery after abortion: whether it is necessary to you?

Influence of the abortion for rehabilitation

Of course, the production method of abortion plays a significant role in rebuilding after it. The least safe is medical abortion (Mifegin drugs, Mifepristone). After such a reduced risk of abortion inflammatory diseases. But if the funds do not allow for the abortion drug, possible need to limit ourselves to a mini-abortion. In this case, the risk of surgical complications is much lower. In case of late abortion Late abortion: indications, consequences, risk  Late abortion: indications, consequences, risk
   (12 weeks) it is necessary to try to terminate a pregnancy up to 8 weeks. All this is because the smaller the period of pregnancy, the correspondingly lower rate of complications and consequences. So, and abortion recovery will be faster and easier.

 Recovery after abortion: whether it is necessary to you?

Preparing for abortion

Before the abortion, as well as before any surgery, you should be screened. This includes blood and urine tests, swabs on vaginal flora, where appropriate, tests for latent infection, sexually transmitted diseases, rehabilitation of chronic foci of infection and medical consultation. Equally important are the blood tests for syphilis Syphilis - punishment of Venus  Syphilis - punishment of Venus
 Hepatitis Hepatitis - the scourge of our time  Hepatitis - the scourge of our time
   and HIV infection. Prior to surgical abortion up to 12 weeks is necessary to donate blood for the Rh factor, and group. Therefore, it is desirable to surgical abortion up to 8 weeks of pregnancy, when the mother has not yet started to form antibodies to the fetus.

 Recovery after abortion: whether it is necessary to you?

The recovery program after abortion

Post-abortion recovery program comprises the following steps:

  • Implementation of all recommendations of the obstetrician-gynecologist

Careful personal hygiene: sexual rest before the first menstrual period, excluding visits to saunas, swimming pools and bathing, receiving a warm (not hot) shower, limiting physical activity and heavy lifting. It is also recommended to give up smoking and alcohol (can cause bleeding and reduce the effect of antibiotics and contraceptive drugs). Immediately after an abortion shall be appointed by a short course of antibiotics as a prophylactic measure. Of equal importance is a balanced diet rich in vitamins and proteins (the first 4-5 months - "no" diet).

  • Consultation of gynecologist-endocrinologist

Such consultation is carried out in order to assess the state of the endocrine system and hormone levels. If necessary, appointed by screening for chronic urogenital infections to prevent the development and exacerbation of chronic diseases of the pelvic organs. Held the selection of oral hormonal contraceptives, not only to prevent pregnancy, but also for the restoration of the ovarian and menstrual cycles.

  • Consultations of mammalogy oncologist

As a result of abortion hormonal failure occurs in the body that adversely affects the mammary gland and can lead to the development of cancer.

  • Pelvic ultrasound and breast

Pelvic ultrasound is performed 7-10 days after the abortion to eliminate the remnants of the ovum or hematometra, to assess the state of the ovaries and tubes (whether inflammatory processes). Breast ultrasound confirms normal mammary gland involution after an interrupted pregnancy and to eliminate tumors.

  • Psychological counseling

Psychologist helps to overcome stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 Restore emotional balance and return to the traditional way of life for the patient.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • abortion