Eskapel - a drug for the prevention of pregnancy emergency, which has an effect similar to the female sex hormone progesterone. He has a strong progestogen (progesterone-like) and anti-estrogen effects, thus preventing pregnancy.
The mechanism of action eskapel
Eskapel - a postcoital contraceptive oral. Active ingredient levonorgestrel eskapel is that different drug companies sold under the name mikrolyut, levonova, postinor
Postinor - used very carefully!
and others. Eskapel available in tablets of 1, 5 mg pharmaceutical firm Gedeon Richter (Hungary).
Eskapel inhibits the action of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone enhances the action. As a result of inhibited ovulation (release of an egg from the ovary) in the conception and if sexual contact occurred shortly before ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
When the probability of getting pregnant more real. Eskapel also suppresses the increase in the volume of the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrium), which creates problems for the introduction of the endometrium of a fertilized egg.
If you observe the correct dosage and use of the drug, eskapel has no significant side effects.
If the introduction (implantation) egg in the endometrium has occurred eskapel becomes ineffective, so it is recommended to take as far as possible before, not later than three days after unprotected sex. Efficiency eskapel is directly dependent on the time elapsed after intercourse: it exceeds 90% if eskapel was adopted on the first day, 80% - in the second and equal to 60% - on the third.
Eskapel excreted from the body in feces and urine. In some diseases of digestive organs, which are accompanied by malabsorption (e.g. malabsorption) eskapel efficiency may be reduced.
Indications and contraindications
Eskapel take for emergency prevention of pregnancy after unprotected sex. Sometimes the drug is required to take, if any doubts about the unreliability of the method used to prevent pregnancy.
Contraindications eskapel are:
- severe liver disease with significant impairment of its functions;
- lack of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down milk sugar (lactose) intolerance to lactose malabsorption simple sugars glucose and galactose;
- age up to 16 years;
- Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
- individual intolerance of components.
Eskapel Precautions must be taken in all diseases of the liver and biliary tract, and ulcerative lesions of the colon. It should also be remembered that eskapel is the drug for emergency prevention of pregnancy and often can not be applied, it should not be used twice within one menstrual cycle.
When receiving eskapel possible side effects of a general nature in the form of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, headache, dizziness. Allergic reactions are also possible.
From the genitals often appear abdominal pain, intermenstrual bleeding and spotting, breast tenderness, delay of the next menstrual period (not more than a week, if more, we should exclude pregnancy). It may change the nature of menstruation: the bleeding may become more plentiful or, on the contrary, poor.
Data on the effect eskapel on ability to drive vehicles and management mechanisms manufacturers are not represented, but given that this drug may cause dizziness, it is best not to risk it.
An overdose of the drug is in the form of a strengthening of its side effects.
How to take
Eskapel can be taken any day of the menstrual cycle
The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
. Take it inside one tablet as soon as possible after unprotected sex. If within three hours after taking the first tablet eskapel vomiting occurred, the drug is taken repeatedly in the same dose.
After applying eskapel until the end of the menstrual cycle for the prevention of unwanted pregnancy it is recommended to use barrier methods (condoms and other). If eskapel used repeatedly during the same menstrual cycle, the occurrence of intermenstrual bleeding risk increases sharply.
Eskapel - a drug that causes the body to female hormonal punch, so use it often (especially during one menstrual cycle) is not recommended.