- Marvelon - protects and treats
- Hormonal contraceptives
Hormonal contraceptives - are drugs that prevent pregnancy by using an artificially synthesized hormones are similar in their properties to the natural female sex hormone estrogen
Estrogen - the key to bone health
and progesterone. As contraceptive hormones have been applied in the second half of the twentieth century. Firms engaged in the production of hormonal contraceptives, have invested huge amounts of money in research in this area. And it has yielded results: the action of modern hormonal therapy significantly different from that of their predecessors. Long gone are complications such as significant weight gain, hair growth on the face, and so on. But it scares some women still have, which is, of course, a lack of awareness.
Types of hormonal contraceptives
Hormonal contraceptives may comprise one type hormones (monocomponent or mini-pill) or two (combined). Mini-pill contain the same dose of hormones in all the tablets, so they are also called monophasic (ekslyuton, mikrolyut). Combined hormonal contraceptives may contain the same or different amounts of hormones depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle (mono-, two- and three-phase), it is, for example, marvelon, logest, felyudin.
The increased number of female sex hormones slows follicle maturation and ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
It makes the mucus in the canal of the cervix more viscous and difficult passable for sperm. The action of hormonal contraceptives effectively (98%), but only if the correct reception. Skip receiving even a single pill can destroy all efforts to contraception (the delay in the receipt of combined contraceptives should be no more than 12 hours to accept mini-pill - no more than 3).
Marvelon - a monophasic combined hormonal contraceptive, which contains two synthetic hormones - desogestrel (analogue of progesterone) and ethinyl estradiol (an estrogen analogue) in sufficiently high compared with the last hormonal therapy doses. Under the influence of marvelona menstrual cycle becomes more regular, decrease pain and blood loss during menstruation. In applying marvelona decreases the risk of cysts and tumors of the breast, ovaries, pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy.
How to take Marvelon
Marvelon should be taken daily for 21 days starting from the first day of the menstrual cycle
The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
(You can start with the 2-5 and the reception of the day, but then you need to use a barrier method of contraception during the first 7 days of tablet) at about the same time. After 21 days, make a break for 7 days. At 2-3 day break occurs menstrualnopodobnoe bleeding, less long and abundant than normal menstruation.
If you've taken a different combination product, the marvelon need to start taking the next day after taking the last tablet of the drug.
In the transition from mini-pill to marvelon also take him the next day after taking the last tablet mini-pill, but use barrier protection methods during the first 7 days of taking pills.
After an abortion, a woman may start taking Marvelon immediately after birth - 21 th or 28 th day. At a later start of the reception should additionally use a barrier method of contraception during the first 7 days of taking pills.
In case of missed pills marvelona over 12 hours, it should be taken immediately and in the future to take over the initial scheme, even if you have to take two tablets in a row. If such a break occurred in the first week of the cycle, the next 7 days is necessary to use a barrier protection if the second and third, that it is not necessary (when used properly marvelona during the previous cycle time).
Contraindications for use marvelona
Contraindications marvelona are malignant tumors of the breast and genital organs, thrombophlebitis, vascular disorders of the brain, headache, intermenstrual bleeding of unknown nature, diabetes
Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
, Epilepsy, severe liver disease. Do not take marvelon women older than 40 years and combine it with smoking.
Side effects when taking marvelona
When receiving marvelona may receive the following undesirable effects:
- swelling and tenderness of the breast, discharge from them;
- headache, including migraine;
- changes in sex drive;
- depression (depressed mood);
- intolerance of contact lenses;
- nausea, vomiting;
- rash on the skin;
Do not take marvelon concurrently with barbiturates, amidopirinom, carbamazepine, rifampicin, oxacarbazepine, topiramate, and griseofulvin felbamatom. This will increase the activity of hormones and can cause sudden bleeding.
Marvelon reliable but is not the most modern hormonal contraceptive, its use can only be prescribed by a doctor after a thorough examination.