Phonophoresis: physiotherapy method for the treatment of many diseases

September 30th, 2010

  • Phonophoresis: physiotherapy method for the treatment of many diseases
  • Effect of Ultrasound on the human body

 Phonophoresis - a procedure in which ultrasound waves are used to increase the effectiveness of certain drugs, including anesthetics, and antibiotics. This method is effectively used for delivery of actives antiinflammatory drugs directly into the inflamed tissue. Phonophoresis particularly effective for the "transport" of fat-soluble molecules. Efficiency of delivery of the molecules also depends on their size and stability to the effects of ultrasound.

So far, scientists have only theorize as to how it operates phonophoresis. It is believed that in the process of thermal and non-thermal involved mechanisms. Both of these mechanisms contribute to the diffusion of drugs used dot. The heat generated by the ultrasonic waves increases the kinetic energy of drug molecules and cell membranes, extends these "inputs" into the skin as hair follicles and sweat glands, and also improves the blood flow to the area, on which the influence of ultrasound. Because of these physiological changes molecules will be easier to penetrate the stratum corneum and into the capillaries of the dermis.

Nonthermal phonophoresis mechanical properties consist in that ultrasound causes strong oscillations cells alters cell membrane resting potential, and sometimes causes damage to the membranes of certain cells - all contributing to a better effect of the drug.

Pulsed ultrasound radiation at Phonophoresis is more effective than continuous radiation.

Some of the drugs that are now often given to patients through the phonophoresis:

  • Amitriptyline - a tricyclic antidepressant, local anesthetic;
  • Carbamazepine - a drug for the relief of neuropathic pain;
  • Ketamine - is used for plantar fasciitis Plantar fasciitis - correct gait  Plantar fasciitis - correct gait
   and tendinitis;
  • Gabapentin and clonidine - medicines that affect peripheral pain receptors;
  • Ibuprofen - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); fonoforeza means it is used for disorders such as bursitis, tendonitis, joint stiffness, swelling;
  • Ketoprofen - NSAIDs for the treatment of acute and chronic pain syndromes;
  • Naproxen - NSAID, is used for bursitis Bursitis - if you have trouble walking  Bursitis - if you have trouble walking
 , Tendinitis, stiffness and joint pain Joint pain - how to understand what is going on?  Joint pain - how to understand what is going on?
  • Lidocaine - blocker of nerve impulses, a local anesthetic;
  • Baclofen - used to relieve some of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis;
  • Capsaicin - used for arthritis and diabetic neuralgia Neuralgia - the scourge of the elderly  Neuralgia - the scourge of the elderly
  • Dexamethasone - a powerful NSAIDs;
  • Cyclobenzaprine - a muscle relaxant.

Phonophoresis facilitates the many side effects that occur with oral medications, or even avoid them.

Hardware pedicure: safe beauty

August 22, 2010

 Pedicure - an integral part of the care. But this procedure is often traumatic: even professional master is able to damage the skin and bring an infection that can be dangerous. Apparatus pedicure is much safer than the classic cut: hardened skin painlessly removed using a special grinding nozzles.



Hardware pedicure invented in Germany in the 60s of the last century. Sometimes this technique pedicure called "dry", because processing hardware is not necessary to soak mortar in hot water to soften rough skin. Instead, a special cosmetics in the form of lotions, gels or sprays, which make the horny skin softer and more friable.

The processing procedure does not involve the use of feet of water, making pedicure suitable for those who suffer, for example, fungal diseases of the feet. This kind of pedicure suitable for diabetics Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
 : In this disease and foot baths is almost inevitable in the classic pedicure microtrauma highly undesirable.

Apparatus pedicure is a miniature milling machine with nozzles of different shapes and different degrees of granularity, made of metal, ceramics, synthetic bristles. For primary treatment used the crudest nozzle at the end of the skin is polished smooth, slightly tapered nozzles and nails are polished with felt.


How is the procedure

The procedure begins with the treatment of the skin antiseptic. After that, the roughened areas keratolytics applied - usually a special gel with a high content of lactic acid or tartaric acid. This tool softens the stratum corneum.

The wizard then proceeds to the processing of rough skin. Depending on the condition of the feet for a pedicure can be used nozzles of different materials. As a rule, the primary treatment is carried out the largest nozzles with a rough surface, which effectively remove excess layers of skin. Then, the surface of the skin carefully polished fine-grained nozzles. If you do not, then after a couple of days stops will look unkempt and rough.

After that comes the turn of treatment of the skin between the toes. Typically, the skin in these places is processed ceramic nozzles at medium speed.

The next phase - treatment of nails and peri-ungual. On the cuticle and cause a special tool with a fine nozzle in the form of a miniature ball remove excess skin. It is particularly important qualification master: too much pressure or the wrong angle of the nozzle can cause damage to the cuticle or nail plate.

At the end of the procedure rasp and polished nail plate. Before that, the whole area is applied to the nail nutritious oil, after which the nail plate is attached to shine with the nozzle, made of felt.


Hardware pedicure at home

In the salons for hardware pedicure using special milling machine with power from 40 watts running from the power supply. The rotational speed of the cutter is at least 10-20 thousand revolutions per minute - enough for rapid and effective treatment of nails.

In stores you can often find phones for manicure and pedicure at home. Typically, these devices run on batteries or accumulators, and power are significantly inferior to a professional milling machine. At the same time, the presence of such apparatik keeps the skin and nails at home between trips to the salon. If you regularly perform the procedure, removing the cuticles and calluses, the need for a professional salon pedicure will occur infrequently, only once in a few months.

Home procedure is carried out as well as the interior: the softener is applied to the skin and left for five minutes. Then treated hardened skin of the feet, the skin between the toes, and the cuticle okolonogtevogo roller. At the same time, you can adjust the shape of the nails. Then, according to the customer nails varnished or protective agent.


Advantages and disadvantages of the procedure

Hardware pedicure - not just cosmetic, but also medical procedures: a way to nail care can solve many problems, including to get rid of ingrown nails or painful cracks on feet. This pedicure - a real salvation for those suffering from diabetes, and fungal diseases of the feet. The procedure is completely safe: the risk to injure the skin is minimal, and all tips for hardware pedicure is easily sterilized. And because it processes only the uppermost layers of the skin, then bring an infection in the blood, as in edging pedicure impossible.

In addition, the procedure is completely painless. In the treatment of the skin at high speed possible feeling of light heating or burning, but these feelings are barely off the master machine. The use of special funds to soften the skin allows to make the procedure as effective as possible, and the result is stored permanently.

Deficiencies have relatively few hardware pedicure. So fail fast feet in order to bring: a single procedure will not be enough to make the soles of running smoothness infant. Furthermore, pedicure equipment typically a half to two times more classical shaped due to the high cost of equipment and special cosmetics.

Apparatus pedicure is not recommended for pregnant women and those who are prone to allergies or suffer from severe liver disease and kidney failure, because the feet are used for the treatment of concentrated funds. Finally, this procedure - a real challenge for those who are afraid of being tickled.

Maria Bykov

Article Tags:
  • pedicure