- Scabies - when overwhelmed by ticks
Scabies - a contagious parasitic skin disease caused by microscopic scabies
Itch mite - no one is immune
. Itch mite - a antropofilnymi (found only in humans), a parasite that feeds on human skin horny scales. The length of the female scabies mite is 0, 3-0, 4 mm, it lives for a month, performing in that time moves under the surface layer of the skin and there is a daily laying 2-3 eggs. The eggs hatch into larvae, which in two weeks through several stages of development and turn into adults. After that ticks rise to the surface of the skin and mate, the males die after fertilization, and the fertilized female burrows into the skin.
Outside the human body at room temperature, itch mite is able to spend 5 to 15 days. At a temperature of 60 ° C mites are killed within one hour, during boiling or cold (below zero) - almost immediately.
How do you get
Scabies is transmitted only from person to person. This may be in direct contact (including through sexual), the patient through things (clothes, bedding), and household items, which are in contact with the patient. Infection in baths, saunas, a train, etc.
Symptoms of the disease
The incubation period (time from infection to the first symptoms) scabies is 1-6 weeks - usually 7-14 days, but may be shorter. The main symptom of scabies is itching, which is particularly enhanced at night. Pruritus not appear directly from mites and an allergic reaction
Allergic reactions: how to understand why you tickle in the throat
mites and their waste products, so when the first infection with scabies itching appears after a few weeks, and during the second - immediately.
On the skin of the patient at the site of introduction of scabies mite females appears a bubble, which then dries and turns into crust. Such bubbles inside the female interconnected passages characteristic itch - winding greyish thin strips ranging in length from several millimeters to 1 centimeter, which are tiny deposits of dirt and excrement mite eggs. Sometimes in areas of implementation of the tick is attached bacterial infections and abscesses on the skin appear.
Ticks love the delicate skin interdigital spaces, wrists, external genital organs (especially the penis), the inner surface of the elbow, feet and buttocks. In adults, the skin of the face, neck, interscapular region, armpits, palms, soles are not affected. Children itch elements can be positioned anywhere.
Diagnosis is based on identifying characteristic rash, itch moves and confirmation of epidemiological (the source of the disease is detected - a sick person) and laboratory data. For laboratory tests under the supervision of a needle magnifying glass revealed a blind end of the itch course and taken material for examination under a microscope.
Treatment of scabies
Scabies is sure to heal itself, it will not pass. It uses tools that are able to destroy the itch moves, kill mites and larvae. Currently, there is an effective treatment for scabies. The main problem in the treatment of scabies - it's not only kill the mites, but also to prevent re-infection.
To date, the main drugs for the treatment of this disease are sulfuric ointment
Sulfuric ointment - the old tool for the treatment of skin diseases
, Benzyl and spregal.
Sulfuric ointment is rubbed into the skin once a day for 5 days. One day after the last wash rubbing with soap, change underwear and bed linen. Sulfuric ointment is not suitable for all patients, as it often causes irritation and allergic reactions on the skin. In addition, sulfuric ointment is quite intense odor.
Benzyl benzoate - this oily liquid with a pleasant odor. Apply it in the form of freshly prepared 20% aqueous soap suspension 20 ml of benzyl benzoate are mixed with 78 ml of warm water and 2 g of green or soap. The suspension was rubbed into the skin, left for 10 minutes and then repeat the procedure. Children under three years are prepared 10% suspension. In 3 days after the end of treatment, the patient takes a shower and change all linen.
Spregal - a French aerosol formulation once it is sprayed over the body (except the head). When significant disease duration skin treated twice (once a day). After 12 hours, wash with soap, change underwear and bed linen.
Prevention (including re-infection)
All the underwear and bedding after treatment is erased, boiled and ironed on both sides. In addition, a complete disinfection of all things the patient: robe decontaminated by proglazhivaniya on both sides of a hot iron, to disinfect certain things (toys, shoes, clothes) you can use the method of the temporary exceptions to the use of (things packed in tight plastic bags without air no less than three days).