- Atopic dermatitis - allergic inherited
- How is
Atopy - it is an allergy, a person inherited inherited. This allergy can be relative to many kinds of allergens: food, dust, food, medicines, bacterial, viral, and so on. Atopic dermatitis - a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin of an allergic nature, is closely associated with other allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis and asthma
Bronchial asthma - the body's response inadequate
They often occur together (allergic triad).
In addition, there is such a thing as the "atopic march" when atopic dermatitis in children can serve as the initial phase of other more severe forms of the allergy (eg, go to asthma).
How is atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is an effect usually at the end of the first - the beginning of the second month of life. The initial stage of atopic dermatitis is known as infant, in the third year of life, atopic dermatitis becomes the new features and changes to the nursery stage. In 11-12 years, atopic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis goes into that person can suffer a lifetime. But in most cases, children 14-15 years "grow" from this disease.
- The initial stage of atopic dermatitis
Dermatitis - what to do with the inflamed skin?
(from birth to two years)
The initial stage of infant or atopic dermatitis may occur in the form of moist or dry diathesis.
Weeping diathesis - redness, swelling and itching skin rash in the form of elevations or bubbles, which then burst and form moist areas covered with crusts. Such lesions are usually on the face, buttocks, upper and lower extremities. Child brushing the skin, so often all these phenomena joins purulent infection.
Dry diathesis - a marked dry skin with redness and swelling in some places. It appears at first papular (elevation above the skin), itchy rash, then combing formed scabs and sores.
Sometimes the dry form of diathesis
Diathesis in children - an integrated approach
It enters weeping and vice versa. Sometimes diathesis and mixed form when moist areas are located near the diathesis dry crusts and desquamation.
- Children's stage of atopic dermatitis (from two to 11-12 years)
Children's stage of atopic dermatitis appears as a dense swelling, redness, small itchy, flaking with a lot of scales on the skin in the natural folds (the folds of elbows and knees, buttocks, etc.), often arranged symmetrically on both sides.
A child suffering from atopic dermatitis, characterized by increased excitability, "nervousness", he sleeps poorly, often cranky.
- Neurodermatitis - atopic dermatitis adult stage (11-12 years)
Gradually, the child acquires the features of atopic dermatitis, neurodermatitis, when the skin in certain areas becomes dry, thicker skin with a pronounced pattern with deep grooves. This so-called lichenification skin. In the area of these centers appears severe itching, scratching covered numerous crusts. Such scratching constantly are the gateway to a variety of infections, therefore the main elements of neurodermatitis often joins pustular rash.
Treatment of atopic dermatitis
Treatment of atopic dermatitis - this is mainly the prevention of allergic rashes. To cure the allergy is not difficult, but the primary goal of treatment is to prevent the occurrence of exacerbations.
First of all, the child must comply with hypoallergenic diet. At first, excludes all allergens identified in the survey, then gradually (within 3-12 months) for the child forms an individual hypoallergenic diet
Hypoallergenic diet - the salvation for the stomach
with the gradual inclusion of products causing allergies.
It is important to exercise strict control over the child's environment with the deletion of allergens that can exacerbate atopiicheskogo dermatitis. So, it is necessary to vacate the apartment by extra soft things (the other things and books stored in closed cabinets), daily wet cleaning, use air purifiers, thoroughly ventilate the apartment, do not keep the home of indoor plants, animals and fish, cleaning the bathroom issue with solutions, warning mold growth. Cushion the child does not have to contain the down and feathers bird, you need to change it every year.
All treatment of a child suffering from atopic dermatitis, must appoint a doctor, since all drugs have side effects, and long-term use of a drug to it often develops addictive.
A child with atopic dermatitis should be bathed every day, cleaning and moisturizing the skin. Water for bathing should be dechlorinated by settling in the bath for one or two hours, followed by the addition of boiling water. When bathing, do not use a washcloth, detergents must be neutral acidity (Ph - 5, 5), after bathing the skin should be slightly wet and apply special means for skin care with atopy.
If birth adhere to all of these rules, the teen years can be dealt with atopy.