Defects skin certainly cause discomfort in both women and men. With these small and sometimes big trouble and can and must be fought. Fortunately, at the moment there are many tools that can help in solving this problem.
Moles are one of the most common defects of the skin (sometimes they do not spoil the look, and even its original decoration are, but, nevertheless, are defects). They can appear on any part of the body, one by one, or in groups. Most moles appear before the age of 30 years. Normal is the presence of 10-40 moles on the body of an adult. Over time, some birthmarks are slowly changing - increase, darken, and sometimes, on the contrary, fade and disappear.
Moles are formed when skin cells are collected in clusters rather than uniformly distributed over the skin. These cells are called melanocytes - they produce the pigment that gives skin its natural color. Moles may become darker as a result of exposure to UV light in the transition to adulthood
Transitional age - the period of emotional turmoil
And during pregnancy.
About one person out of a hundred moles have been at the time of birth. They are more likely to develop cancers than moles that have appeared after the birth.
Dysplastic nevi - a type of moles, which differ quite a large size and irregular shape. As a rule, they are also unevenly dyed. A person with dysplastic nevi on the whole body can be more than 100 moles. This is associated with an increased risk of developing melanoma.
Most moles are not dangerous, but you should consult your doctor if you notice any changes in shape, color or size of moles. You also need to be tested if a mole bleeds, sore, scaly or itchy.
If you want to remove a mole for cosmetic reasons, and consult a doctor. The procedure itself takes little time; after it is a small, virtually invisible scar.
Hyperpigmentation of the skin is caused by an increase in melanin - a substance that is responsible for skin pigmentation. Typically, melanin is produced begins to rapidly when exposed to sunlight on the skin. However, some conditions such as pregnancy and Addison's disease (decreased pancreatic function), may also cause intense melanin production and, consequently, hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation can also be caused by certain drugs, e.g., antibiotics and drugs used for the treatment of arrhythmia and malaria.
One example of hyperpigmentation is melasma. It is characterized by the appearance of dark spots, typically on the skin. Melasma often develops during pregnancy and soon after delivery runs. There are special ointments to help eliminate hyperpigmentation, or at least make it less noticeable.
Hypopigmentation - a defect in the skin, resulting from decreased production of melanin.
One example hypopigmentation - vitiligo. Characteristic features of this state - smooth, white patches on the skin
White spots on skin - What are the causes and how to treat?
. In some people, these spots appear around the subject. It is an autoimmune disorder in which the damaged cells that produce pigment. Medicines Vitiligo does not exist, but there are tools to help the symptoms - such as corticosteroid ointments and therapy with the use of ultraviolet light.
Albinism - a congenital disorder caused by the lack of an enzyme needed for the production of melanin. It zastragivaet not only the skin but also the hair and eyes. Albinism is impossible to cure. A person with this disorder need to always use sunscreen and protect themselves from ultraviolet radiation in other ways, as albinism is associated with an increased risk of developing skin cancer. Albinism occurs in all races, but is most common - the representatives of the European race.
Hypopigmentation may result from skin infections, burns, and other skin damage. In this case, the pigment deficiency was observed only in certain areas of the skin.
Scars or scars are a normal result of the recovery process of the skin and other tissues. At the site of most of the wounds, except for the little ones, the scars remain.
To restore the damaged tissue, the body produces new collagen fibers - a natural protein that is produced in the body under normal conditions. The resulting scar tissue has a texture that is different from the surrounding tissues that were not damaged.
Most scars are flat and pale, but in some cases, when the body produces an excess of collagen, they can be convex. These are called hypertrophic scars or keloids.
Sometimes scars appear as depressions on the skin. They are formed when no structure supporting the skin (e.g., adipose or muscle tissue). These are post-operative scars and sometimes the scars left after acne.
Although scars can not be completely eliminated, they can be made much less noticeable. When fresh and small scars can help special-counter ointment. Steroid injections help smooth the keloid scars. Injections of fillers used for sunken scars; This procedure provides only a temporary effect and to maintain the result it needs to be repeated regularly. Moreover, scarring can be treated with radiotherapy
Radiotherapy in cancer treatment: irradiation aid
, Dermabrasion and laser.
How to hide skin imperfections
Skin defects - traces of acne
Acne: facial trouble
, Scarring acne, clogged pores and redness. Such defects occur in women of any age. Often, acne, acne, rashes, inflammation and irritation of the skin leave marks on the skin - dark spots, which are also called "poslevospalitelnoy hyperpigmentation." Not surprisingly, these unsightly stains cause discomfort.
To get rid of these annoying blemishes and prevent their occurrence in the future, try the following resources:
- The most effective means of masking minor skin imperfections is cosmetics
- Before doing makeup, or start the care of the person, it is necessary to wash your hands, because they accumulate dirt or grease, which would only worsen the skin condition
- To get rid of traces of acne, keep a diet
- Finger, sponge or applicator, apply a concealer on the spot
- Drink six - eight glasses of water a day. Water is very important for healthy skin.
- Try not to use mild soap with high ph, because it consists of hard ingredients are bad for the skin. Therefore we recommend to use lotions or cleansing gels that do not contain harmful sodium lauryl sulfate.
- Do not use greasy lotions and cosmetics, oil-based - they contain oil contribute to the formation of spots
- Glycolic acid helps to reduce the effects of photo-aging of the skin, opens the pores and reduces acne, making the skin smooth and velvety
- To protect the skin from harmful solar radiation, do not forget to use a moisturizer with sunscreen
- Try not to take medicines containing iodide or bromide