- Skin care: the daily treatments for a beautiful face
- Depending on the type of
Skin care is heavily dependent on what type of skin you have. However, in addition to the specific recommendations based on your skin type, there are the basics of skin care, which must be followed regardless of skin type.
Before we go into details on skin care, it would be good to find out what is the skin itself. The skin consists of three main layers: epidermis, dermis and hypodermis. Hypodermis - is the deepest layer of the skin and contains a layer of fat. There are also larger blood vessels and nerves. In the dermis there are more small blood vessels and nerves, as well as hair shafts and sebaceous glands. The sebaceous glands produce sebum, a fatty substance, which goes to the hair shafts. Sebum is moving toward the skin surface via the hair shaft where it covers the outer layer of skin, the epidermis, thus creating a protective barrier of the skin against external damage. A thin layer of sebum effectively protects the skin. Excess sebum causes excessive skin oiliness, and can be a cause of acne.
The epidermis consists of a plurality of intermediate layers. No need to go into details about this. Suffice it to say that cells are formed at the lower level and continually migrate to the upper level, where they are eliminated from the skin surface. This upward movement of the cells helps protect the skin from the harmful effects, acting like ocean currents, removing extraneous contamination from the skin.
As for skin care, any person first learns to walk and then run. Whoever gets the first solid basic math before you start to study algebra, and still many are trying to perform an advanced skin care program without studying its fundamentals. In fact, if you do not have knowledge of the first major steps of skin care nursing program may be ineffective or even vednoy.
Regular skin care
Normal skin care process comprises:
- Cleansing (washing)
- Moisturizing and sun protection
- Toning (optional, depending on the type of skin)
Carrying out these procedures twice a day is best suited to most people. If you have dry and (or) sensitive skin
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Possibly, the purification is best done once a day, and humidification - twice a day or more frequently. However, daily exfoliation in some people can lead to chronic skin irritation. It is usually sufficient to make exfoliation once or twice a week.
Regular cleaning is important, and if you do it right, it removes dirt and makeup, and excess oil from the skin surface and from the pores and stimulates cell renewal. It is generally recommended to wash water-soluble creams or gels and cool water or wipe the skin lotion. Oily skin is better to use a pH-balanced that do not contain soap. Washing up and cleaning the face, you need to follow a few key tips:
- Apply the cleanser on your face gently with your fingertips.
- Rinse your face with warm water several times to rinse thoroughly with a cleanser, and make sure that his face no more.
- Clean towel gently pat the face, but do not desiccate it. Try to keep the person a little moist.
- Apply to clean, wet face moisturizer or other means of skin care products that you use. Gently drive in the cream into the skin with your fingers, without stretching the skin until it is absorbed.
A good idea is to clean your face twice a day, usually in the morning and before going to bed
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. It is best to use water at room temperature and mild cleanser containing no hard synthetic ingredients, soaps, alcohol and other stimuli.
Why skin needs moisture
Ideally, the skin itself must support themselves in a humidified state. In reality, however, such stimuli as hard cleansers, as well as excessive exposure to environmental factors can disrupt the natural balance of the skin. These factors often destroy the protective fatty layer of the skin, thereby reducing the effectiveness of its barrier properties. Since water can then more easily evaporate from the skin, resulting in the skin becomes dry and, therefore, needs moisturizing.
As about toning, there is disagreement among experts about the need for humidification. Most of them agree that it is a necessary part of daily care, while others put forward the following arguments. First, they recommend moisturize the skin only to those who have it dry. If you have normal or oily skin, it produces enough (or too much) water. Besides, most people use advanced tools for skin care with active ingredients designed to reduce or prevent the signs of aging. These funds among its ingredients typically contain moisturizing ingredients, so apply a different moisturizer is not necessary.
In certain circumstances, for example, in dry climates, or at frequent exposure to water, people with normal skin moisturizing agent can be applied as a part of everyday care.
If you feel that you need hydration, buy funds that do not contain oil or water-based. Moisturizers containing fats usually clog pores.
Apply moisturizer to move upward and outward.
Wetting of the emulsion is a combination of means of oil-based and water. As the oil and water do not mix, is added to stabilize the mixtures of surfactants. Thus means dissolves.
Emulsions for the skin, which produces too little sebum and therefore too dry. This situation, in particular, is typical menopausal women and after it. Emulsions are usually heavier than usual wetting agents, and can be useful for people with very dry skin. Those who have normal or dry skin, do not use such tools.
Wetting agents, among other components may contain petrolatum, mineral oil and a siloxane. Barrier coated skin moisturizers waterproof film through which water can not evaporate. As moisturizers may clog pores and produce other side effects, they can be applied only to those who have dry skin
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Which is not reacted on an oil-water emulsion.
Moisturizers for oily skin types
Humectants are made of components that can retain water. They are designed to attract water into the epidermis or from the atmosphere or from dermis. Moisturizers containing no fat, is recommended for people who have normal or oily skin
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But who still feel the need for moistening.
Moisturizers for dry skin types
Ordinary moisturizers are within one or two hours. However, if your skin is excessively dry, or you live in a very dry area, you may prefer to use moisturizers more prolonged action. Typically such agents are a combination of humectants and barrier ingredients. Moisturizers should be used long-acting only at excessive dryness of the skin.