Laxatives - it does not remove it, it is not necessary
July 16, 2009
- Laxatives - it does not remove it, it is not necessary
- The mechanism of action of laxatives
Laxatives - are drugs used to treat constipation, and various products having purgative. Sometimes laxatives are used not only to facilitate defecation, but also to cleanse the body and even to lose weight. The latter can be effective, but their abuse can have serious side effects, which we will discuss later.
Laxatives are also used for hemorrhoids, as well as to certain types of examinations of the abdominal cavity.
A common problem is the abuse of laxatives among people suffering from eating disorders such as anorexia
Anorexia nervosa - symptoms and effects on the body
and bulimia. This could have serious implications for health; with these patients, in addition to doctors, psychologists usually work.
The following products have a laxative effect and can be used instead of medication or laxatives as a supplement to them, almond, aloe vera
Aloe - its amazing healing properties
vera, apples, artichokes, bananas
Bananas: the benefits and harms health
Basil, beets, blueberries
Benefits and harms of blueberries: the health of the forest
, Chicory, cranberry, coconut, coffee, corn flour, dandelion, dates, dried apricots, endive, fenugreek, rice, flaxseed, grapes, cabbage, licorice, mango, oranges, papaya, parsley, peaches, pears, persimmons, pineapple, plums, prunes, rhubarb, rutabaga, soybeans, strawberries, tangerines, tomatoes, tomato juice, vanilla, walnuts, watercress, pumpkin, sweet potato, olive oil.
Preparations mitigating chair
These laxatives work in the small and large intestine. Their effect usually evident within 12-72 hours after drug administration. Thanks to these drugs in the chair penetrate the water and fats, resulting in defecation made much easier. With prolonged use efficacy is greatly reduced.
These tools, which include, for example, mineral oil, making the chair more fluid and slippery, making it easier and faster to move through the intestines. Typically, after receiving emollients improving constipation symptoms occurs within 6-8 hours.
Drugs in this category increased concentration of water in the stool, whereby it becomes softer. There are two types of osmotic laxatives:
Saline laxatives work in the colon
The effect manifests itself in a period of 30 minutes to 6 hours. They attract water into the intestine and increase intraluminal pressure. These laxatives include: diammonium phosphate, sodium, milk of magnesia (magnesium hydroxide), Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate), sodium dihydrogen phosphate, sodium hydrogen phosphate, magnesium citrate.
Laxatives, hyperosmotic agents related to the onset of action ranging from 30 minutes to three hours after administration. Among this class of drugs: suppositories glycerol, sorbitol, lactulose, PEG (polyethylene glycol).
Stimulants work in the colon. They cause a reduction as a result of which begins defecation. In some cases, these laxatives can be dangerous. These include castor oil, senna and some other means.
Relistor (methylnaltrexone bromide)
Relistor is used in opioid-induced constipation. It is especially useful for patients with very severe diseases, receiving palliative care.
Use of laxatives, especially for a long time and at high doses, may have the following side effects:
- Abdominal pain and bloating
- Perforation of the esophagus syndrome Mallory-Weiss
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Intestinal ulcer
- Malabsorption of nutrients leading to hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, and calcium deficiency
- Fatty liver
- Aggravation of hemorrhoids
- Stomach Ulcer
- Stomach bleeding
- Damage to intestines
Regidron vomiting - reimburse the lost fluids and salts
December 16, 2012
Regidron - a drug which is available in powder form and is composed of salts necessary for the proper functioning of tissues and organs. Vomiting it helps to restore the water-salt, acid-base and energy metabolism in the body.
In what diseases may occur vomiting
Vomiting - a reflex process that leads to the release of stomach contents out through the mouth. The cause of vomiting can be a variety of diseases and conditions. Vomiting may be central, hematogenically-toxic and visceral.
Central vomiting occurs with severe diseases of the central nervous system - meningitis, encephalitis, abscess or brain tumors, and glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure), lesions of the inner ear, hypertensive crisis, migraines and so on. This vomiting often occurs suddenly, a fountain, without prior nausea.
Hematogenically-toxic vomiting develops when a blood toxic metabolic products (for example, in severe kidney, liver, diabetes), various infections (caused by circulating in the blood of infectious agents and their toxins and metabolic products, such as an intestinal infection) , poisoning toxins circulating in the blood (alcohol, carbon monoxide), drugs (digitalis, iron supplementation), and so on. For hematogenically-toxic vomiting characterized the earlier nausea, prolonged, sometimes, uncontrollable vomiting, leading to dehydration.
Visceral vomiting reflex is caused by excitation of the emetic center with peripheral centers located mainly in the stomach. Frequent vomiting can be a sign of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and biliary tract.
Persistent vomiting causes a number of changes in metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
, Dehydration and loss of body minerals that support the normal organs and tissues - potassium, sodium and chlorine in violation of the acid-alkaline balance. These metabolic disorders lead to cardiac disorders, kidney, convulsions, paralysis, disorders of consciousness and may even cause a coma.
It will vomiting rehydron?
Regidron - a drug that restores the normal fluid and electrolyte, acid-base and energy metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
. If vomiting is infrequent and does not cause dehydration, it does not make sense to take rehydron. If often repeated or long-term persistent vomiting when there is a sensation of thirst, skin and mucous membranes become dry, rehydron help prevent further dehydration if fluid is retained in the body, but not removed from the vomit.
For this rehydron should be diluted in accordance with the instructions and slightly cool. Taking it to start with a small sip, which is repeated several times at intervals of three minutes. If the fluid is retained in the stomach, the dosage or frequency of administration may gradually increase. Take rehydron need until until after the thirst and dry skin. If after a few sips rehydron
Regidron - will help restore the water-salt balance
vomiting appeared again, you should call an ambulance for further treatment in a hospital.
Regidron vomiting pregnant
Vomiting is one of the most common symptoms of early pregnancy toxemia associated with hormonal disorders
Hormonal disorders - oversupply and a lack of equally dangerous
. Mild toxicity vomiting occurs up to 5 times a day, with an average degree - up to 10 times, and in severe becomes invincible. Thus a pregnant woman does not keep food in the stomach and the liquid, there is a rapid weight loss, and there are a number of metabolic disorders.
To restore the water-salt and acid balance in mild to moderate toxicosis appoint rehydron. If vomiting takes place, and no liquid is not retained in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as anacatharsis, woman sent to hospital, where the necessary medicines it receives intravenously.
When rehydron contraindicated
Regidron not appoint vomiting, occurred in patients with impaired renal function, are hypersensitive to the drug, intestinal obstruction, diabetes mellitus (in the rehydron includes glucose).
Pregnant women rehydron may appoint a doctor, before he came to start his own woman can take.
Regidron will not always at vomiting - therapeutic effect depends on the type of emesis, and also on whether the fluid is adopted to remain in the stomach. With the utmost care to receive rehydron should be taken during pregnancy.