- Acute pancreatitis - if grabbed at his left side
Acute pancreatitis - a disease of the pancreas: a small body in the form of a tadpole, located behind the stomach and below the rib cage. There are two main types of acute pancreatitis: bland - the most common, accounting for four out of five cases of the disease, and heavy - one of the five cases.
Its main function of the pancreas:
- Production of digestive juices that are used in the gastrointestinal tract for the processing of food;
- The production of hormones, the most important of which - insulin
The principles of action of insulin - the science of saving lives
Responsible for the regulation of glucose
Glucose: The energy source
Acute pancreatitis - a serious disorder in which the pancreas inflammatory processes begin.
A mild form of acute pancreatitis
This violation inflammation usually takes 3-5 days. The term "soft" should not be misleading. It is used to describe cases of acute pancreatitis, when patients recover without serious complications. However, the disease usually tolerated very hard.
Severe acute pancreatitis
Patients with these disorders are severe pancreatic inflammation that can lead to life-threatening complications such as:
The spread of the inflammatory process in the whole body, which can sometimes lead to the failure of multiple organs;
The withering away of the tissues and infection of the thyroid gland, which can cause infection in the whole body and the disruption of multiple organs.
It is unclear why some people acute pancreatitis occurs in soft, while others - severe.
Currently, treatments for acute pancreatitis
Treatment of acute pancreatitis - it all depends on the shape
there - therapy for patients with this disease is that doctors support body functioning until until no inflammation. Read more about the treatment of this disorder will be discussed below.
Acute pancreatitis - a rare disease which occurs, on average, one out of 2,500 people. In the last 40 years the incidence of acute pancreatitis increased significantly. Experts attribute this to the increased consumption of alcohol and fatty foods, as well as the prevalence of obesity, which are risk factors for the formation of gallstones.
It is believed that because of acute pancreatitis due to alcohol it is more common in men than in women. Acute pancreatitis, presumably caused by alcohol, the most common among people belonging to the age group of 30 to 45 years old; the average age of a patient who is diagnosed is a violation - 39 years. The average age of a patient who is diagnosed acute pancreatitis associated with gallstones - 69 years. However, in general, acute pancreatitis can affect people of any age, not excluding children.
The prognosis of mild forms of acute pancreatitis is favorable; Most patients can be discharged from the hospital after 5-14 days.
However, if the disease is attributable to alcohol, the diagnosis should be taken very seriously - as a sign that the consumption of alcohol has been subjected to a real risk of health. The best solution would be to avoid alcohol. All patients, regardless of the causes of pancreatitis, it is necessary to refrain from alcohol for at least six months after treatment.
In severe acute pancreatitis prognosis less favorable. If complications develop, for example, the failure of several organs, death occurs in one out of three cases. If the patient survives, it may take several weeks or even months before he would feel well enough to be discharged from the hospital.
The most common symptom of acute pancreatitis - sudden severe pain in the center of the upper abdomen, approximately above the stomach. The pain continues to grow steadily, becomes constant, and sometimes so strong that a person can no longer carry out their daily activities, nor rest. Sometimes the pain spreads to the abdominal cavity on the back and worse after eating. When a person leans or rolled up, the pain may get a little weaker.
If the cause of acute pancreatitis are gallstones, the pain can become particularly strong after a hearty reception food. If acute pancreatitis associated with alcohol, pain often occurs in 6-12 hours after the patient has drunk a considerable amount of alcohol.
Other symptoms of acute pancreatitis can be:
- Nausea, dizziness, malaise;
- Lack of appetite;
- High body temperature (over 38C);
- Increased sensitivity or pain in the abdomen;
- The yellowish tinge to the skin and whites of the eyes (this is less common symptom of the others).
When a severe pain in the abdomen
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
you should immediately seek medical help. Do not attempt to remove the pain using analgesics - in the best case, this would have only a temporary effect, and at worst - you miss the moment when the provision of medical assistance would be most effective and would help to avoid some of the complications.