- Worms - how dangerous they are?
- Symptoms and signs
- The man
- When pregnancy
- Ascaris during pregnancy
- Folk remedies
- Prevention in Children
- Medications for prevention
Medicines for the prevention of worms
Prevention of parasitic infestation is in compliance with the rules obschegigienicheskih - should be observed constantly, not from case to case. But sometimes what is required and drug prevention, for example, when exactly was in close contact with sick helminthiasis and likely exposure. In this case, you need to see a doctor.
How best to protect themselves from infection with worms
Today, a number of drugs made of artificial origin, which have a pronounced anthelmintic action with minimal side effects, is pyrantel, Vermoxum, dekaris, pirviny embonate. But it is absolutely harmless to the body anthelmintic drugs is not therefore prevent worm infestation is best carried out by means obschegigienicheskih means: frequent hand washing, careful processing of fruits and vegetables (especially purchased in the market), the wet cleaning, a thorough pet care and regular removal from these worms.
If there is a direct threat of infection, the drug for prevention is better to consult a doctor.
Pyrantel may be used to treat Enterobiasis (pinworm infection), ascariasis and trichuriasis (whipworm infection). Pyrantel can not prevent infecting worms, but he can withdraw them if the infection has already occurred. This drug causes paralysis of the muscles of worms and they are removed with the feces. It is very little is absorbed into the bloodstream when ingested, acting substantially only in the intestine.
However, possible side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, transient liver dysfunction, disorders of the central nervous system (headache, dizziness, sleep disturbances, very rarely - confusion and hallucinations), allergic reactions .
Take without prescription any anthelmintic drugs is not recommended, especially dangerous to give to their children. However, pyrantel is the safest means for medical treatment of helminthiasis. Take it once in a dose of 10 mg per kg body weight. Do not take this drug during pregnancy, liver diseases in violation of its functions and in case of hypersensitivity to the drug.
Vermoxum or mebendazole has a broad spectrum of action, but is most effective when it eenterobioze. In addition, sensitivity to Vermoxum show roundworm, whipworm, hookworm, tapeworm, pork tapeworm, Trichinella. It is effective and it is with mixed helminthiasis.
Mehanihm Vermoxum action based on the fact that it causes irreversible changes in the metabolism of helminths causing them to die. Vermoxum absorbed into the blood is very small, however, it can accumulate in certain tissues, including the liver, causing side effects.
Since the range of action Vermoxum wider than that of pyrantel, and the side effects it also longer:
- from the gastrointestinal tract - nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
- from the liver - a transient liver function abnormalities;
- the nervous system - dizziness, headache;
- from the blood - reducing the number of leukocytes and erythrocytes, increase Lisle eosinophils (a sign of sensitization);
- by the kidneys and urinary tract - the appearance of blood in the urine and kidney of some elements;
- allergic reactions, alopecia.
Contraindications Vermoxum is idiosyncrasy of this medication, pregnancy, breast-feeding, age up to two years and any violations of the liver. Vermoxum yourself better not to take - it can be dangerous, it is best to seek medical advice.
Dekaris (levamisole) - a drug that is most effective in ascariasis. In addition, sensitivity to exhibit whipworms, hookworms and helminths some others. It paralyzes the muscles of worms, after which they are excreted in the feces.
A feature decaris
Dekaris - with anthelmintic drug and immunostimulatory effects
It is that it can stimulate the immune system, in some cases, it is administered for this purpose. It is well absorbed in the intestine and enters the bloodstream.
Side effects decaris: irritability
Irritability - you try to control my temper
, Insomnia, depressed mood, disturbance of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, stomatitis, sometimes - severe disorders of the pancreas, violation perception of taste and smell, pain in muscles and joints, changes in the blood, flu-like syndrome, allergic reactions .
Dekaris contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to the drug, some of the changes in the blood, including in the matter, which arose when taking medication, feeding baby
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
chest and under the age of three years. When pregnancy dekaris should be used with caution, and only on prescription.
Dekaris as well as other anthelmintic drugs is not a prophylactic agent, it can only be removed from the body has settled there helminths. It is administered to adults - 150 mg, children - 2.5 mg per kg of body weight once per night.