Imodium capsules is definitely easy to use. It may be necessary, for example, in the journey when the cause of diarrhea (diarrhea) is a change in the quality of drinking water and food. But Imodium use in such cases should be cautious: it is contraindicated in intestinal infections that traveling is also very easy to pick up.
Imodium capsules - how it works
The composition includes capsules Imodium active substance (loperamide) and excipients (lactose monohydrate, corn starch, talc, magnesium stearate). Imodium Capsules are composed of: titanium dioxide were yellow and black iron oxide, indigotindisulfonat sodium, gelatin, erythrosine sodium.
Each capsule contains 2 mg of loperamide, which provides symptomatic antidiarrhoeal effect. Being absorbed into the bloodstream after ingestion, Imodium exerts its effects mainly in the intestinal wall.
The mechanism of action of the active active substance Imodium
Imodium - for the treatment of diarrhea
(loperamide) is that interrupts the transmission of nerve impulses from the nerve cells (neurons), smooth muscle cells located in the intestinal wall. This occurs by suppression of release of acetylcholine - neromediatora by which is the transmission of nerve impulses from cell to cell in nervous system first, and then at the junction of the nervous and muscular system.
In general the release of acetylcholine is inhibited in a place where the nerve impulses are transmitted to the neurons on the smooth muscle cells. But with an increase in dosage of the drug is possible and overall inhibitory effect on the central nervous system - that with the action of the drug associated serious consequences of his overdose.
As a result of suppressed loperamina locomotor activity (peristalsis) of the intestine, the stool and the liquid trapped in the intestine, wherein the liquid salt and subjected to re-absorption, which prevents dehydration. Simultaneously loperamide cause spasm of the sphincter (circular muscle) located in the area of the anus, which helps to reduce the urge to defecate.
Which diseases can take the capsules Imodium
Capsules Imodium for diarrhea accept only non-infectious nature, when the signs of intestinal infection Imodium should not be taken as the re-absorption into the blood produced during processes such toxins can lead to a sharp deterioration in the patient's condition.
Acute diarrhea may develop in severe emotional stress, overheating, eating disorders, which developed while taking unusual food or water, characterized by the composition of salts from that to which the person used, etc. In this case, the appearance of frequent watery stools unchanged general condition (no fever, headache
Headache: Causes and Complications
, Malaise) adult can start taking the capsules before consulting a doctor Imodium (Imodium belongs to the drugs without prescription).
However, the consultation of the doctor is necessary, as any acute diarrhea can pass the intestinal infection caused by will be opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms, living constantly in the human body.
Take the capsules Imodium and chronic diarrhea caused by various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In this case, Imodium is a part of complex treatment of patients and the dose chosen doctor so that the chair was not more often than once or twice a day.
Adjust the chair using Imodium is sometimes necessary if the patient ileostomy - removing holes of the small intestine to the surface of the anterior abdominal wall. Ileostomy is superimposed with severe diseases of the bowel, when he can not function.
Imodium adult patients at recommended doses are generally well tolerated. Nevertheless, there are side effects. For example, you may experience side effects such as lethargy, confusion, incoordination, and dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
- A consequence of effects on the CNS loperamide.
Side effects may be on the intestine - is constipation, flatulence and intestinal cramps. In rare cases it may cause obstruction, which requires observation of the surgeon, and possibly surgery.
Sometimes there are also allergic to Imodium.
When the capsules can not take Imodium
Imodium is contraindicated in intestinal infections, intestinal obstruction, hypersensitivity to its components of the patient. Do not take Imodium and intestinal diseases that lead to the violation of the integrity or the thinning of the intestinal wall - it is fraught with wall perforation and peritonitis. Such diseases include erosive and ulcerative processes in the intestine and diverticulosis - the presence of protrusions in the intestinal wall while its thinning. Do not take Imodium in the first trimester, while feeding the baby
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
chest and for children up to six years.
Imodium prescribed with caution in reducing liver function (possible overdose of the drug), and the second and third trimester of pregnancy.